Grihadevata, Gṛhadevata, Gṛhadevatā, Griha-devata: 8 definitions


Grihadevata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Gṛhadevata and Gṛhadevatā can be transliterated into English as Grhadevata or Grihadevata, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Vajrayogini

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता) is the name of a sacred site (pīṭha) presided over by Khaṇḍarohā, according to the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala. Khaṇḍarohā is a deity situated in one of the six petals of the western lotus, of which the presiding deity is kuleśvarī (presiding lady) named Tārā. The central deity of the vārāhyabhyudaya-maṇḍala is the twelve-armed Vajravarāhī.

Gṛhadevatā is one of the twenty-four pīṭhas, or ‘sacred-site’ (six lotuses each having six petals), each corresponding with a part of the human body. Gṛhadevatā is to be contemplated as situated in the anus. Besides being associated with a bodily spot, each pīṭha represents an actual place of ancient India frequented particularly by advanced tantric practitioners

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता) is one of the two Melāpaka (‘sacred spot’) present within the Kāyacakra (‘circle of body’) which is associated with the Ḍākinī named Pātālavāsinī (‘a woman living underground’), according to the 9th-centruy Vajraḍākatantra. Vākcakra is one of three Cakras within the Tricakra system which embodies twenty-four sacred spots or districts (viz., Gṛhadevatā) resided over by twenty-four ‘sacred girls’ (ḍākinīs) whose husbands abide in one’s body in the form of twenty-four ingredients (dhātu) of one’s body.

Gṛhadevatā has the presiding Ḍākinī named Khaṇḍarohā whose husband, or hero (vīra) is named Ratnavajra. The associated internal location are the ‘anus’ and the bodily ingredient (dhātu) is the ‘pus’. According to the Vajraḍākavivṛti, the districts Pañcāla, Gṛhadevatā, Godāvarī and Arbuda are associated with the family deity of Saṃtrāsinī; while in the Abhidhānottarottaratantra there is the Ḍāka deity named Vajraḍāka standing in the center of the districts named Pretapurī (Pretādhivāsinī), Gṛhadevatā, Saurāṣṭra and Suvarṇadvīpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: The Cakrasamvara Tantra (h)

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता) is the name of an ancient locality identified with “Liyul (which may refer to Khotan)” according to Nāropāda (11th century A.D.). He is known for identifying unnatural or obscure names mentioned by the Cakrasaṃvara scriptures. Gṛhadevatā, as Sanderson argued, was originally a name of the deity of the site Saurāṣra in the Śaiva Tantrasadbhāva.

Source: Sreenivasarao’s blog: Kashi the city of lights

Grihadevata or Kuladevata refers to “family deities”.—The age of Puranas introduced into the Vedic religion many concepts that were not in the Samhita and the Brahmana texts. Those ideas and concepts have since taken a firm hold on the Indian ethos. These include faith in: a personal god or goddess (Ista-devata); family deities (Griha-devata or Kula-devata) who had to be propitiated on specified days in the prescribed manner; vows (vrata); and pilgrimages etc. In the process, legends were developed for each major pilgrimage-center, proclaiming its holiness and its pre-eminence over the rest; and also detailing the merits to be gained by devotedly worshiping its presiding deities.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (G) next»] — Grihadevata in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता).—the goddess of a house; (pl.) a class of household deities; Ks.4.74.

Gṛhadevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gṛha and devatā (देवता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता).—f. a household deity, a Lar, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 8, 22.

Gṛhadevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gṛha and devatā (देवता).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता).—[feminine] [plural] the deities of a house.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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