Dikshu, Dikṣu: 3 definitions

Introduction:

Dikshu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dikṣu can be transliterated into English as Diksu or Dikshu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Dikṣu (दिक्षु) refers to “directions”, according to Kāśīnātha Upādhye’s Dharmasindhu, a commentary on the Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (an astrological work).—Accordingly, “[...] The water clock [i.e., ghaṭīyantra], thus calibrated, should be placed in a copper basin or clay basin, full of water, when half of the Sun’s orb has risen or set. There this sacred formula is recited. ‘You have been created long time ago by Brahmā as the foremost among the [time measuring] instruments. For the sake of the state of [their] becoming a married couple you be the means of measuring time’. With this sacred formula, preceded by the worship of Gaṇeśa and Varuṇa, the bowl should be placed [on the water in the basin]. If the bowl thus placed moves to the south-east, south, south-west, or north-west of the basin, it is not auspicious. If it stays in the middle, or moves to other directions, it is auspicious. Likewise, if it fills [and sinks] in the five directions [i.e., pañca-dikṣu] starting from the southeast, it is not auspicious. Thus the discussion of the water clock. [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Himalayan Academy: Kamika Agama Uttara Pada

Dikṣu (दिक्षु) refers to “directions”, according to the Kāmikāgama Uttarabhāga chapter 28 (“Rites of Atonement such as kṛcchra and others”) verse 19-20 [alternatively, chapter 30 verses 62b-64a].—Accordingly, “[...] He should offer ‘tāmbūla’ associated with ‘mukhavāsa’ to the Deity invoked in the fire. Arrangement should be made by the Guru for the recital of ‘śivajñāna-śāstras’—Kāmika and other Mūlāgamas—in he five directions [i.e., pañca-dikṣu]. Having seated in each direction, the priests who have well mastered these Āgamas should recite the Āgamas which emanated in each direction from the faces of Lord Śiva. In the east, the Āgamas which were revealed through Tatpuruṣa face should be recited. The Āgamas which were revealed through Aghora face should be recited in the south. The Āgamas which were revealed through Vāmdeva face should be recited in the north. The Āgamas which were revealed through Sadyojāta face should be recited in the west. The Āgamas which were revealed through Īśāna face should be recited in the north-east. Such recital should be done by the initiated priests. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Google Books: Ramopakhyana - The Story of Rama in the Mahabharata

Dikṣu (दिक्षु) refers to the “directions”, according to the Nīlakaṇṭha’s commentary on the Mahābhārata 3.259.15-16.—Accordingly, (Text)—“[...] But, envious, afterwards they became firmly resolved on spiritual practice. Then they pleased Brahmā with their awful spiritual practice. For a thousand years, the ten-necked (Rāvaṇa) stood on one foot eating only air, amidst five fires, very collected”. (Commentary)—“Four (fires) and one sun in the five directions [i.e., pañca-dikṣu], thus pañcāgni means situated amidst five fires”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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