Kum, Kūṃ, Kuṃ: 7 definitions


Kum means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Kuṃ (कुं) is the bīja associated with Kulutā, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Mahāvīrā and Vajrasattva:

Circle: kāyacakra (body-wheel) (white);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Mahāvīrā;
Ḍāka (male consort): Vajrasattva;
Bīja: kuṃ;
Body-part: knees;
Pīṭha: Kulutā;
Bodily constituent: siṅghāṇaka (snot);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): samyagvāc (right speech).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kum in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Cordia vestita (A.DC.) Hook.f. & Thomson from the Boraginaceae (Forget-me-not) family having the following synonyms: Gerascanthus vestitus, Gynaion vestitum. For the possible medicinal usage of kum, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Kum [कुम] in the Nepali language is the name of a plant identified with Didymocarpus pedicellatus R.Br. from the Gesneriaceae (Gloxinia) family having the following synonyms: Didymocarpus pedicellata.

Kum [কুম] in the Assamese language is the name of a plant identified with Careya arborea Roxb. from the Lecythidaceae (Brazilnut) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kum in India is the name of a plant defined with Careya arborea in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Barringtonia arborea (Roxb.) F. Muell. (among others).

2) Kum is also identified with Fraxinus excelsior It has the synonym Fraxinus excelsior var. communis Aiton, nom. inval. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Pl. Corom. (1811)
· Species Plantarum
· Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae (Mueller) (1866)
· Bangladesh J. Pharmacol. (2008)
· Hortus Kewensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew’ (1789)
· Fitoterapia (2003)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kum, for example pregnancy safety, extract dosage, health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kūṃ (कूं).—ind f An ejaculation (like cūṃ, hūṃ, isa, usa &c.) of one wincing under a sudden pang or twinge. v mhaṇa, kara. See hāya.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kum (कुम्):—ind. an interjection [gana] cādi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kum in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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