Mahaprana, aka: Mahāprāṇa, Māhāprāṇa, Maha-prana; 4 Definition(s)

Introduction

Mahaprana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Mahaprana in Vyakarana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāprāṇa (महाप्राण).—lit. hard breathing, aspirate characteristic (बाह्यप्रयत्न (bāhyaprayatna)) of consonants possessed by the second and fourth consonants of the five classes, and the sibilants श्, ष् (ś, ) and स् (s) which letters are also called महाप्राण (mahāprāṇa) on that account.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Mahaprana in Shiksha glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Mahāprāṇa (महाप्राण, “aspirated”) refers to a type of ābhyantara (“internal effort”) of articulation (uccāraṇa) according to Indian linguistic tradition (viz., śikṣā, ‘phonetics’, vyakaraṇa, ‘grammar’, nirukta, etymology’ and chandas, ‘prosody’.). Īṣatsaṃvṛta (aspirated) occurs, for instance, when pronouncing bha.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Language and Grammar (shiksha)
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Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Mahaprana in Marathi glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

mahāprāṇa (महाप्राण).—m S A common term for the forcible acts or efforts of the breath in pronunciation, the aspiration or full utterance of a letter: applied also to an aspirated or a forcibly sounded letter; as kha, gha, cha, jha, ṭha, ḍha &c., and to śa, ṣa, sa, & ह. See alpa- prāṇa & bāhyaprayatna.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahaprana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Māhāprāṇa (माहाप्राण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Having the aspirate or hard breathing.

--- OR ---

Mahāprāṇa (महाप्राण).—

1) the hard breathing or aspirate sound made in the pronunciation of the aspirates.

2) the aspirated letters themselves (pl.); they are:-ख्, घ्, छ्, झ्, ठ्, ढ्, थ्, ध्, फ्, भ्, श्, ष्, स्, ह् (kh, gh, ch, jh, ṭh, ḍh, th, dh, ph, bh, ś, ṣ, s, h).

3) a raven.

Derivable forms: mahāprāṇaḥ (महाप्राणः).

Mahāprāṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and prāṇa (प्राण).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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