Anugraha: 17 definitions



Anugraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Anugraha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “blessing” and represents the “liberation from the cycle of birth and death” and represents one of the “five-fold duties” (pañcakṛtya), according to Śivapurāna 1.10.1-5.—Accordingly, “[...] the permanent cycle of the five-fold duties consists of creation, maintenance, annihilation, concealment, and blessing. [...] Liberation (from the cycle of birth and death) is blessing. [...] Anugraha (liberation, the blessed state) in the firmament [...] everything is blessed by the firmament; [...] In order to look after these five-fold activities (pañcakṛtya) I have five faces, four in the four quarters and the fifth in the middle”.

2) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to a “blessing”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] O lord, lord of Devas, be merciful. Obeisance to thee. O Śiva, the storehouse of mercy, forgive my faults. O, Śiva, Thou hast blessed (anugraha) me under the pretext of punishing me. O lord, I have been wicked and foolish. Thy real nature I could not understand. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Detailed Study of Shiva Sutras

anugraha (creation, sustenance, dissolution, annihilation and grace or re-creation)

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

1) anugraha (unveiling, making the individual realize the Truth beyond Māya)

2) favour, kindness, mercy, blessing

3) an incarnation of Viṣṇu (Vi. Pur.)

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anugraha.—(IE 8-2), same as anudhyāna; favour. Note: anugraha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m (S) Favor, grace, kindness: also graciousness or propitiousness. 2 Instructing in the mystical verses or incantations of the Vedas; instructing or affording lessons gen. (Teaching being viewed as Conferring of favor.) v ghē, dē Ex. āpaṇa dharuni vipravēṣa || dyāvā tukyāsī a0 || 3 Holding with; amicable or assistant connection. Ex. antaḥkaraṇācē anugrahāvāñcūna indriyāsa viṣayagrahaṇī- sāmarthya yēta nāhī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m Favour, obligation, graciousness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—

1) A. favour, kindness, obligation; showing favour, obliging, rewarding (opp. nigraha); निग्रहानुग्रहकर्ता (nigrahānugrahakartā) Pt.1; पादार्पणानुग्रहपूतपृष्ठम् (pādārpaṇānugrahapūtapṛṣṭham) R.2.35; अनुग्रह इवेयमभ्यर्थना (anugraha iveyamabhyarthanā) Ś.1; अनुग्रहं संस्मरणप्रवृत्तम् (anugrahaṃ saṃsmaraṇapravṛttam) Ku.3.3.

2) Assistance, help (shown to the poor in feeding them &c. daridrādipoṣaṇam).

3) Facilitating by spells.

4) Acceptance.

5) Rear-guard.

Derivable forms: anugrahaḥ (अनुग्रहः).

See also (synonyms): anugrahaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) Favour; conferring benefits, promoting good, and preventing ill. E. anu afterwards, graha to take, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—[anu-grah + a], m. 1. Promoting, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 22. 2. Favour, [Pañcatantra] 34, 2. 3. Help, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1643.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—[masculine] favour, kindness, service, benefit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[=anu-graha] [from anu-grah] m. favour, kindness, showing favour, conferring benefits, promoting or furthering a good object

2) [v.s. ...] assistance

3) [v.s. ...] facilitating by incantations

4) [v.s. ...] rear-guard

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the eighth or fifth creation, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-haḥ) 1) Promoting good and preventing ill or (according to another interpretation) promoting good by preventing ill.

2) The conferring benefits, favour.

3) Aid, assistance.

4) Instructing in the mystical verses or incantations of the Vedas(?).

5) See anugrahasarga. E. grah with anu, kṛt aff. ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[anu-graha] (haḥ) 1. m. Favor.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—(von grah mit anu) m.

1) Gunstbezeigung, das Erweisen einer Gefälligkeit, Wohlthun, Förderung [Amarakoṣa 3, 3, 13.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1508.] [Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 34.] anugrahaṃ te kariṣyāmi [Pañcatantra 34, 2.] kurvanugraham [Kathāsaritsāgara 6, 7.] in Verbindung mit nigraha (dem Gegens.): nigrahānugrahau [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 16, 25.] nigrahānugrahakartā [Pañcatantra 29, 8.] nigrahānugrahe rataḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 17, 10.] — prabhoḥ [5, 1, 66. 6, 5, 5.] Das obj. im gen.: mama mahāṃsa syādanugrahaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 4, 10. 1, 23, 19. 6, 10, 14.] dharmasyānugrahe (an der Förderung des Rechts) rataḥ [6, 11, 22.] śarīrasya cāgnikarmaṇānugrahaṃ karoti [Suśruta 1, 78, 6. 79, 5.] (dieselbe Bedeutung hat anugraha 48, 6. 7. 79, 6.) geht im comp. voran [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 5.] [Bhagavadgītā 11, 1.] [Suśruta 1, 79, 6.] [Śākuntala 193. 64, 21.] [Pañcatantra 4, 23. 5, 12. I, 92.] Das subj. im gen.: ato pūrvaḥ khalu vo nugrahaḥ [Śākuntala 110, 8.] geht im comp. voran: prakṛtyanugrahāt [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 22, 1, 17. 7, 5, 24.] das obj. folgt im gen.: pitāmahānugrahamātmanaśca [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 44, 17.] Die Gnadenbezeigung selbst geht im comp. voran: pādārpaṇānugrahapūtapṛṣṭham [Raghuvaṃśa 2, 35.] [Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 272.] argho nugrahakṛtkreturvikretureva ca ein Preis, der dem Käufer und dem Verkäufer genehm ist, [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 253.] —

2) Name der 8ten (5ten) Schöpfung [Viṣṇupurāṇa 37.]

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Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—

1) füge Gnadenbezeigung hinzu und vgl. noch [Spr. 1643. 3716] [?(pl.). 3784.] —

2) sarga eine Schöpfung zu Gnaden so v. a. eine ergänzende Schöpfung [Sânkhya Philosophy 45.] [Oxforder Handschriften 82,b,17.] —

3) Stützung, Festhaltung [Prātiśākhya zum Ṛgveda 11, 10.] —

4) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 7, 9, 48] nach dem Schol. so v. a. ahaṃkāra oder devatāvarga . —

5) mystische Bez. des Diphthongen au [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 314. fg. 318. fg.] —

6) f. ā Bez. einer Śakti [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 326.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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