Anugraha: 25 definitions


Anugraha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Manblunder: Detailed Study of Shiva Sutras

anugraha (creation, sustenance, dissolution, annihilation and grace or re-creation)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) or Sadanugraha refers to “true compassion”, according to the Guhyasūtra, the largest book of the Niśvāsa-corpus (a collection of early Śaiva Tantras comprising the Niśvāsamukha, Mūlasūtra, Uttarasūtra, Nayasūtra, and Guhyasūtra).—Accordingly, as Śiva says: “[...] Because I rule, I control, I am omniscient, because I am permanently at rest, without division and in equilibrium, I am Śiva. (139) You are my Will, not to be crossed, for you are the one from whom the power of the śaktis arises! The whole universe has sprung from you; You bestow Śiva-nature, O you of true compassion! (sad-anugraha) (140)”.

2) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) or Anugrahaśakti refers to the “power of divine grace”, according to the Paramārthasāra with Yogarāja’s Paramārthasārasaṃgrahavivṛti commentary.—Accordingly, “one whose heart has been penetrated/transmuted by the power of divine grace (anugraha-śakti [i.e., śaktipāta])”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “benefits”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 15.9cd-11, while describing protection rituals]—“[When the mantrin] confers benefits (anugraha) [during] different ages, [mustard seeds] appear in [different colors], bright white, etc. When white they are called all-bestowing, when red they are granting the kingdom. When they are yellow they are [said to] cause protection, and when black they cause the destruction of the enemy. In the four yugas, [mustard seeds] always are bi-colored, yellow and black. That which is known as rājasarṣapagaura, O Beloved, this [other] bi-colored [seed] is not visible”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Anugraha in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “blessing” and represents the “liberation from the cycle of birth and death” and represents one of the “five-fold duties” (pañcakṛtya), according to Śivapurāna 1.10.1-5.—Accordingly, “[...] the permanent cycle of the five-fold duties consists of creation, maintenance, annihilation, concealment, and blessing. [...] Liberation (from the cycle of birth and death) is blessing. [...] Anugraha (liberation, the blessed state) in the firmament [...] everything is blessed by the firmament; [...] In order to look after these five-fold activities (pañcakṛtya) I have five faces, four in the four quarters and the fifth in the middle”.

2) Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to a “blessing”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.42.—Accordingly, as Dakṣa bowed and eulogised Śiva:—“[...] O lord, lord of Devas, be merciful. Obeisance to thee. O Śiva, the storehouse of mercy, forgive my faults. O, Śiva, Thou hast blessed (anugraha) me under the pretext of punishing me. O lord, I have been wicked and foolish. Thy real nature I could not understand. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—A Favour, kindness, obligation, Assistance

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “grace”, according to the Bhairavīstotra in the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Victory! Victory (to you) O goddess (bhagavatī)! [...] (You are) Bhairavī whose being is (infinitely) great. (You are) the All and, (universally) pervasive, (are also) Revatī. O (you) who can bestow the means to both grace (anugraha) and curse (nigraha)! [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Anugraha in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to a “favour (of Śiva)”, according to the sixth chapter of Rājānaka Ratnākara’s Haravijaya (9th-century), which represents a hymn (stotra) to Śiva.—Accordingly, “Those [Yogins,] whose intense ascetic observance [is performed] for the attainment of union without mind, obtain according to tradition the spotless state which gives an unwavering existence in the Self. [The fact that Yogins obtain this spotless state,] O Śiva, is none other than [the expression of your] favour (anugraha)”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaiva philosophy

Source: Google Books: The philosophy of the Pratyabhijñā

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “(producing) grace” and represents one of the “five cosmic activities” (kṛtyapañcaka), according to Abhinavagupta’s Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī (also known as the “doctrine of divine recognition”) with the Sanskrit commentary called Bhāskarī.—Accordingly, [Vol. I, p. 261-262] [automatically translated from the French]: “During the worldly activity, the Lord creates unity with this or that subject, destroys unity with [such] other subject, carries out [the cosmic operation of] maintenance with respect to that which consists of a simple [object] such as the pot, etc., imposes obscuration by obliterating its complete nature, [and] produces grace (anugraha) by conferring completeness by the manifestation of unity in this particular manifestation. Therefore, the Lord exercises the five [cosmic] activities (kṛtyapañcaka) not only in the great creations, the great maintenances, the great destructions, the obscurations due to [his] anger and the graces (anugraha) [granted on the occasion of] initiation, knowledge, etc., but still absolutely always, even in worldly activity”.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

1) anugraha (unveiling, making the individual realize the Truth beyond Māya)

2) favour, kindness, mercy, blessing

3) an incarnation of Viṣṇu (Vi. Pur.)

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) refers to “upholding (the three jewels)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Lord spoke the following verses to the Bodhisattva Puṇyālaṃkāra: ‘[...] (236) Even though the Bodhisattva, seeking the highest awakening of the Buddha, seeing the leaders in ten millions of fields, has offered beautiful [clothes] made of silk for many millions of aeons, if there is someone who, giving thanks to the Buddha, upholding (anugraha) the three jewels, grasps the true dharma to be apprehended by living beings, then his merit would be better. [...]’”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Anugraha.—(IE 8-2), same as anudhyāna; favour. Note: anugraha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m (S) Favor, grace, kindness: also graciousness or propitiousness. 2 Instructing in the mystical verses or incantations of the Vedas; instructing or affording lessons gen. (Teaching being viewed as Conferring of favor.) v ghē, dē Ex. āpaṇa dharuni vipravēṣa || dyāvā tukyāsī a0 || 3 Holding with; amicable or assistant connection. Ex. antaḥkaraṇācē anugrahāvāñcūna indriyāsa viṣayagrahaṇī- sāmarthya yēta nāhī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m Favour, obligation, graciousness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—

1) A. favour, kindness, obligation; showing favour, obliging, rewarding (opp. nigraha); निग्रहानुग्रहकर्ता (nigrahānugrahakartā) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1; पादार्पणानुग्रहपूतपृष्ठम् (pādārpaṇānugrahapūtapṛṣṭham) R.2.35; अनुग्रह इवेयमभ्यर्थना (anugraha iveyamabhyarthanā) Ś.1; अनुग्रहं संस्मरणप्रवृत्तम् (anugrahaṃ saṃsmaraṇapravṛttam) Kumārasambhava 3.3.

2) Assistance, help (shown to the poor in feeding them &c. daridrādipoṣaṇam).

3) Facilitating by spells.

4) Acceptance.

5) Rear-guard.

Derivable forms: anugrahaḥ (अनुग्रहः).

See also (synonyms): anugrahaṇa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) Favour; conferring benefits, promoting good, and preventing ill. E. anu afterwards, graha to take, and ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—[anu-grah + a], m. 1. Promoting, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 11, 22. 2. Favour, [Pañcatantra] 34, 2. 3. Help, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 1643.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह).—[masculine] favour, kindness, service, benefit.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[=anu-graha] [from anu-grah] m. favour, kindness, showing favour, conferring benefits, promoting or furthering a good object

2) [v.s. ...] assistance

3) [v.s. ...] facilitating by incantations

4) [v.s. ...] rear-guard

5) [v.s. ...] Name of the eighth or fifth creation, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-haḥ) 1) Promoting good and preventing ill or (according to another interpretation) promoting good by preventing ill.

2) The conferring benefits, favour.

3) Aid, assistance.

4) Instructing in the mystical verses or incantations of the Vedas(?).

5) See anugrahasarga. E. grah with anu, kṛt aff. ap.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह):—[anu-graha] (haḥ) 1. m. Favor.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anugraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anugraha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Anugraha (अनुग्रह) [Also spelled anugrah]:—(nm) obligation, favour, kindness.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Anugraha (ಅನುಗ್ರಹ):—

1) [noun] grace a) the unmerited love and favour of god toward mankind; b) divine influence acting in a person to make the person pure, morally strong, etc.

2) [noun] a kind, obliging, friendly or generous act, kind or compassionate treatment (shown by a religious head or a person at a higher position, etc.); favour; mercy.

3) [noun] an acceptance; a consent.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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