Dhrita, Dhṛta, Dhṛtā: 18 definitions


Dhrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Dhṛta and Dhṛtā can be transliterated into English as Dhrta or Dhrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Dhṛta (धृत) refers to “wearing” (pretty flowers), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.18 (“Description of the perturbation caused by Kāma”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated: “[...] In the mean time Pārvatī came there along with her two maids and brought various kinds of flowers for Śiva’s worship. Certainly Pārvatī had a greater beauty than the most exquisite lady described by people on the earth. When she wore [i.e., dhṛta] pretty flowers of the season how could her beauty be described even in a hundred years? No sooner did she enter within the proximity of Śiva than He came out of his meditation for a short while. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Dhṛta (धृत).—A son of Dharma and father of Durmanas (Durmada, Bhāgavata-purāṇa.) and (Durdama, Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa).*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 15; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 10.

1b) A son of Raucya Manu.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 1. 104.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Dhṛta (धृत).—(or धृतप्रचय (dhṛtapracaya)) a kind of original grave vowel turned into a circumflex one which is called प्रचय (pracaya) unless followed by another acute or circumflex vowel. The Taittiriya Pratisakhya has mentioned seven varieties of this 'pracaya' out of which धृतप्रचय (dhṛtapracaya) or धृत (dhṛta) is one. For details see Bhasya on धृतः प्रचयः कौण्डिन्यस्य (dhṛtaḥ pracayaḥ kauṇḍinyasya), T.Pr.XVIII.3.

Vyakarana book cover
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Dhṛta (धृत) refers to “that which bears (the divine transmission)”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Thus, the first Siddha is in the (sacred seat of) OṂ, which is the first seat, and is that of the family of the Lineage of the Eldest that bears (dhṛta) the Divine Transmission. (Thus) worship begins from Oḍinātha onwards, that is, worship starts (with him)... [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Dhṛtā (धृता) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dhṛtā).

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Dhṛta (धृत) refers to “wearing (a garland)”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: [while explaining the body circle (kāyacakra)]: “[...] The heroes [on all circles except for Heruka] have the same colors and physical forms as all [their consort] Yoginīs. All [heroes each] wear a garland (mālā-dhṛta) of hairless heads [as a necklace] and wear a hero’s turban. These heroes [each] have twisted locks of hair, with all body parts smeared with ash. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Dhṛta (धृत) refers to “strength” (of the mind at death), according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 39).—Accordingly, “[The knowledge of the retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala)].—[...] [Question].—This way of seeing in regard to action already ripened and action not yet ripened is acceptable. But how can the mind at death, which lasts only a short time, prevail over the power of actions (saṃskārabala) that extend over an entire lifetime? [Answer].—Although this mind may be very short, its power (bala) is intense (paṭu). It is like fire (agni) or poison (viṣa) that, although small, can accomplish great things. The mind at death is so determinate (niyata) and so strong (dhṛta) that it prevails over the power of action (saṃskārabala) extending over a century. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Dhṛta (धृत) refers to “(being) maintained”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “That [cosmos] is not at all produced by anyone, not at all sustained [com.dhṛta—‘maintained’] by anyone, so also not destroyed by anyone. Nevertheless, that exists by itself without support in the atmosphere. That very same one, which is without a beginning and end, is accomplished by itself and imperishable, without a Supreme Being and excessively filled with objects beginning with the self”.

Synonyms: Uddhṛta.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dhṛta (धृत).—p S Seized, caught, held. Some compounds are dhṛtadhairya, dhṛtaniścaya dhṛtasaṅkalpa, dhṛtasannyāsa, dhṛtōtsāha.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dhṛta (धृत).—a. (At the end of comp.) Possessing, bearing, holder, bearer &c.

--- OR ---

Dhṛta (धृत).—p. p. [dhṛ-karmaṇi kta]

1) Held, carried, borne, supported.

2) Possessed.

3) Kept, preserved, retained.

4) Seized, grasped, laid, hold of.

5) Worn, used, put on; किमित्यपास्याभरणानि यौवने धृतं त्वया वार्धकशोभि वल्कलम् (kimityapāsyābharaṇāni yauvane dhṛtaṃ tvayā vārdhakaśobhi valkalam) Kumārasambhava 5.44.

6) Placed, deposited.

7) Practised, observed.

8) Weighed.

9) (Actively used) Holding, bearing.

1) Intent upon.

11) Prepared, ready.

12) Resolved, firm; रिपुनिग्रहे धृतः (ripunigrahe dhṛtaḥ) Rām.4.27.47; see धृ (dhṛ) also.

-tam 1 Falling.

2) State, existence.

3) Taking, seizing.

4) Wearing, putting on.

5) A particular manner of fighting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhṛta (धृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Possessed, held, contained. 2. Cherished, supported. 3. Stood, stayed, standing. 4. Alighted, gone down. 5. Placed. 6. Considered, weighed. E. dhṛ to hold, and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhṛta (धृत).—[adjective] held, borne, worn, kept, detained, turned or fixed upon, ready for ([locative] or [dative]), upheld, maintained, observed; existing, alive; [often] °— holding, bearing, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dhṛta (धृत):—[from dhṛ] mfn. held, borne, maintained, supported kept, possessed

2) [v.s. ...] used, practised, observed, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] measured, weighed (with or [scilicet] tulayā), [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] worn (as clothes, shoes, beard, etc.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

5) [v.s. ...] kept back, detained (kare, by the hand), [Hitopadeśa]

6) [v.s. ...] drawn tight (reins), [Śakuntalā]

7) [v.s. ...] turned towards or fixed upon, ready or prepared for, resolved on ([locative case] or [dative case]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] continuing, existing, being, [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] prolonged (in pronunciation), [Prātiśākhya] (am ind. solemnly, slowly, [Pañcatantra iii, 72/73])

10) [v.s. ...] (with antare) deposited as surety, pledged, [ib. iv, 31/32]

11) [v.s. ...] quoted, cited by ([compound]), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a son of the 13th Manu, [Harivaṃśa] ([varia lectio] bhṛtha)

13) [v.s. ...] of a descendant of Druhyu and son of Dharma, [Purāṇa] (cf. dhārteya)

14) [v.s. ...] n. a [particular] manner of fighting, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dhṛta (धृत):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Possessed, held.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dhṛta (धृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dharia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dhrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Dhṛta (ಧೃತ):—

1) [adjective] that is worn (on the body.

2) [adjective] that is held (in a hand); seized.

3) [adjective] that is possessed; had.

4) [adjective] protected; defended; supported.

5) [adjective] kept; placed.

6) [adjective] decided; resolved.

7) [adjective] ready; formed; finished.

8) [adjective] used; put to use.

--- OR ---

Dhṛta (ಧೃತ):—[noun] the act or an instance of a) wearing (as a clothing, form, etc.), b) bearing, carrying (a burden).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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