Cheda: 14 definitions

Introduction

Cheda means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chheda.

Ambiguity: Although Cheda has separate glossary definitions below, it also represents an alternative spelling of the Sanskrit word Ceda. It further has the optional forms Cheḍa.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Cheda (छेद, “suspension”) represents one of the seven types of prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Cheda is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Cheda (छेद).—What is meant by suspension-expiation (cheda-prāyaścitta)? To observe the period of separation from the congregation and perform penance for one, two weeks for removing the flaws committed is called suspension (cheda).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Cheda (छेद, “mutilating”) refers to one of the five transgressions (aticara) of the “minor vow of non-violence” (ahiṃsā-aṇuvrata) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.25.—What is meant by mutilating (cheda)? It means to mutilate the limb such as ear, nose, etc of a living being.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Cheda.—(EI 13), a quarter, area or subdivision; cf. Brahma- cāri-ccheda. Note: cheda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cheda : (m.) cutting off; severance.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cheda, (see chindati) cutting, destruction, loss Sn.367 (°bandhana); J.I, 419; 485; sīsa° decapitation DhA.II, 204; PvA.5; aṇḍa° castration J.IV, 364;— bhatta °ṃ karoti to put on short rations J.I, 156. pada° separation of words SnA 150. —°gāmin (adj.) liable to break, fragile A.II, 81; J.V, 453.—Cp. vi°. (Page 277)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chēḍā (छेडा).—See chaṭā, chaḍaṇēṃ, chaḍā.

--- OR ---

chēda (छेद).—m (chidra S through H) A hole or a vacuity;--used rather diminutively of chidra. 2 A crack, slit, fissure, cleft. 3 (chēda S) Cutting, splitting, dividing. 4 The denominator of a fraction. 5 The divisor. chēda pāḍūna lihaṇēṃ To leave intervals in writing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

chēḍā (छेडा).—& chēḍā See chaṭa, chaḍaṇēṃ & chaḍā.

--- OR ---

chēda (छेद).—m A hole. A slit, crack, fissure, cleft. Cutting, splitting, dividing. The divisor. The denominator of a fraction.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cheda (छेद).—[chid bhāve ghañ ac vā]

1) Cutting, felling down, breaking down, dividing; अभिज्ञाश्छेदपातानां क्रियन्ते नन्दनद्रुमाः (abhijñāśchedapātānāṃ kriyante nandanadrumāḥ) Ku.2.41; छेदो दंशस्य दाहो वा (chedo daṃśasya dāho vā) M.4.4; R.14.1; Ms.8. 27,37; Y.2.223,24.

2) Solving, removing, dissipating, clearing; as in संशयच्छेद (saṃśayaccheda).

3) Destruction, interruption; निद्राच्छेदाभिताम्रा (nidrācchedābhitāmrā) Mu.3.21.

4) Cessation, end, termination, disappearance as in घर्मच्छेद (gharmaccheda) Ś.2.5.

5) A distinguishing mark.

6) A cut, an incision, cleft.

7) Deprivation, want, deficiency.

8) Failure; सन्तति- च्छेद (santati- ccheda) Ś.6.

9) A piece, bit, cut, fragment, section; बिसकिसलयच्छेदपाथेयवन्तः (bisakisalayacchedapātheyavantaḥ) Me.11,59; अभिनवकरिदन्तच्छेदपाण्डुः कपोलः (abhinavakaridantacchedapāṇḍuḥ kapolaḥ) Māl.1.22; Ku.1.4; Ś.3.6; R.12.1.

1) (In math.) A divisor, the denominator of a fraction.

Derivable forms: chedaḥ (छेदः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cheda (छेद).—(= chedya, q.v.), a martial art: chede vā bhede vā Mv ii.74.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cheda (छेद).—m.

(-daḥ) 1. Cutting, dividing. 2. A part, a portion. 3. Solving, dissipating, (as doubt.) 4. The denominator of a fraction. 5. The divisor. E. chid to cut, affix bhāve ghañ, or ac vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cheda (छेद).—i. e. chid + a, I. adj. One who cuts away, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 44. Ii. m. 1. A slice, a piece, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 12, 100; [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 11. 2. Cutting, [Pañcatantra] 108, 11. 3. Cutting off, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 368. 4. Destruction, Mahābhārata 13, 1637. 5. Dissipation, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 38. 6. Ceasing, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 76. 7. Want, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 91, 12. 8. Limit, [Yājñavalkya, (ed. Stenzler.)] 1, 319.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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