Chedana: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Chedana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chhedana.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Chedana (छेदन) refers to “fistulectomy”, meaning the excision of the fistulous tract, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Chedana (छेदन):—A process in which material is chopped into small pieces by sharing action

2) [chedanaṃ] Scarificants

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Chedana (छेदन) refers to the “cutting” (of trees), according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.— Accordingly, “[...] According to the Kula teaching (these) are the most excellent Kula trees that give accomplishments and liberation. (They are full of) Yoginīs, Siddhas, Lords of the Heroes and hosts of gods and demons. One should not touch them with one’s feet or urinate and defecate on them or have sex etc. below them. One should not cut etc. or burn [i.e., chedana] them. Having worshipped and praised them regularly with their own flowers and shoots, one should always worship the Śrīkrama with devotion with their best fruits and roots. [...]”.

2) Chedana (छेदन) refers to “severing” (the bondage of the world of transmigration), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while describing Śrīpāda (who is in the ‘threefold’ House of the three lineages) as the supreme form of the teacher]—“Listen to the supreme and main secret in the Śrīśāsana, that is, the teacher. There is no liberation without a teacher. (Without him) how can the (bondage of the) world of transmigration be severed (saṃsārachedana)? [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: archive.org: Hindu Mathematics

Chedana (छेदन, “divide”) or “break into parts” is another name for bhāgahāra (“division”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—The common Hindu names for the operation are bhāgahāra, bhājana, haraṇa, chedana, etc. All these terms literally mean “to break into parts”, i.e., “to divide”, excepting haraṇa which denotes “to take away”. This term shows the relation of division to subtraction. The dividend is termed bhājya, hārya, etc., the divisor bhājaka, bhāgahara or simply hara, and the quotient labdhi “what is obtained” or labdha.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Chedana (छेदन) refers to the “destruction (of egoism)”, according to the Mahānayaprakāśa by Arṇasiṃha (Cf. verse 182-197).—Accordingly, “He who is the master of all forms of perception, whether dual or non-dual, whose body is everywhere equally present and (yet) without abode, and is the destruction (chedana) of egoism is said to be the venerable Matsyendranātha, the supreme doer (of all things)”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Oxford Academic: Homo Ritualis: Hindu Ritual and Its Significance to Ritual Theory

Chedana (छेदन) refers to the “cutting (of kuśa grass)”, and represents one of the traditional marriage rituals, according to Dadhirāma Marāsini’s 19th century Vivāhapaddhati (part of his Karmakāṇḍabhāskara) which is based on the Pāraskara-Gṛhyasūtra, a domestic manual in the Mādhyandina school of the Vājasaneyisaṃhitā.—If performed traditionally, high caste marriages among the Parbatiyas (Parbates/Paharis/Pahadis) or Indo-Nepalese people in Nepal are normally executed by following the course of events as presented in marriage manuals. The Kuśa-chedana rite is mentioned under the header called Rules for the marriage (vivāhavidhi): worship of the groom (varapūjana).

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Chedana (छेदन) (or Chedanaka) refers to “cutting off (someone’s head)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.15 (“The birth of Jalandhara and his marriage”).—Accordingly, as as Jalandhara asked Bhārgava: “O lord, by whom was this done to Rāhu? By whom was his head cut (śiras-chedanaka)? Please tell me, O preceptor, everything in detail as it had happened”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Excision (chedana) is a procedure whereby a part or whole of the limb is cut off from the parent. (described in the Sushruta Samhita)

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Chedana (छेदन) refers to “cutting (people’s doubts)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 41).—Accordingly, “[Digression on a case brought against the Buddha; B. The defense].—[6. Use of a Stone Bowl].—‘The Buddha forbade the Bhikṣus to use eight kinds of bowls (pātra)’.—[...] Moreover, the Bhikṣus do not wear [these fine robes], given the rarity of benefactors (dāyaka) [so generous] and the rarity of recipients (pratigrāhaka) [so lucky]. People do not give [such fine clothing] to impure Bhikṣus: as for the pure (śuddha) Bhikṣus, as they had few desires (alpeccha) and were content with their lot (saṃtuṣṭa), they did not wear [those that had been given to them]. It is to cut people’s doubts (saṃśaya-chedana) that the Buddha allowed the Bhikṣus to wear [fine] robes; as for the [stone] bowls that they could not expect to receive, he did not allow them. [...]”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Chedana (छेदन) refers to “cutting off (all doubts)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, is the Bodhisattva supported by the presence of the Buddha as unhindered and uninterrupted eloquence (pratibhāna)? Son of good family, there are the Bodhisattvas’ twenty-four sorts of eloquence. What are those twenty-four? [...] 18) eloquence adorned with the congregations of gods; 19) eloquence of cutting off all doubts (sarvasaṃśaya-chedana-pratibhāna); 20) eloquence of the mundane and transcendental dharma; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Chedana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

chedana : (nt.) cutting; severing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Chedana, (nt.) (see chindati) cutting, severing, destroying D.I, 5; (=DA.I, 80 hattha°-ādi); III, 176; Vin.II, 133; A.II, 209; V, 206; S.IV, 169 (nakha°); V, 473; Miln.86; Vism.102 (°vadha-bandana, etc.). (Page 277)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

chēdana (छेदन).—n S Cutting, splitting, dividing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

chēdana (छेदन).—m Cutting, splitting, dividing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Chedana (छेदन).—a. [chid bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Cutting asunder, dividing splitting.

2) Destroying, solving, removing.

-nam Cutting, tearing, cutting off, splitting, dividing; Manusmṛti 8. 28,292,322.

2) A section, portion, bit, part.

3) Destruction, removal.

4) Division.

5) A medicine for removing the humours of the body.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chedana (छेदन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Cutting, dividing. 2. A part, a portion. E. chid to cut, affix bhāve lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chedana (छेदन).—i. e. chid + ana, I. adj. 1. Cutting, destroying, Mahābhārata 1, 1498. Ii. m. 1. Cutting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 75. 2. Lopping off, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 280. 3. Removing, Mahābhārata 3, 12700.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chedana (छेदन).—[adjective] the same, hewing, splitting, destroying, removing; [neuter] the act of cutting off etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Chedana (छेदन):—[from chid] mfn. cutting asunder, splitting, [Mahābhārata i, 1498; ii, 1953]

2) [v.s. ...] destroying, removing (ifc.), [xiv, 423]

3) [v.s. ...] n. an instrument for cutting, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 9, 204]

4) [v.s. ...] section, part, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] (chiefly ifc.) cutting, removal (of doubts, saṃśaya-), [Mahābhārata iii, xv; Harivaṃśa 913]

6) [v.s. ...] a medicine for removing the humors of the body, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Chedana (छेदन):—(naṃ) 1. n. Cutting; a part.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Chedana (छेदन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Chiṃdaṇa, Chidāvaṇa, Cheaṇa, Chedaṇa, Ṇijjhoḍaṇa, Ṇillūraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Chedana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Chedana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Cheḍanā (छेडना):—(v) to tease, to irritate; to meddle; to disturb, to stir up; to commence (a work).

2) Chedanā (छेदना) [Also spelled chhedana]:—(v) to bore, to make a hole; to perforate, to pierce; to incise.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Chedaṇa (छेदण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Chedana.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Chēdana (ಛೇದನ):—[noun] = ಛೇದ - [cheda -]1, 2 7 & 5.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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