Trika: 14 definitions



Trika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Trika (त्रिक).—lit. triad; a term used in the Mahabhasya in connection with the Vibhakti affixes i.e. case endings and personal endings which are in groups of three; cf. त्रिकं पुनर्विभक्तिसंज्ञम् (trikaṃ punarvibhaktisaṃjñam) M.Bh. on P.I.1,38: cf. also कस्यचिदेव त्रिकस्य प्रथमसंज्ञा स्यात् (kasyacideva trikasya prathamasaṃjñā syāt) M. Bh. om P.I.4.101 ; cf. also M. Bh. on II.2.23, V.1.52, V.1.58.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Trika (त्रिक) is a technical term used in prosody (chandaśśāstra) especially, used to denote the gaṇas who have three letters each in Varṇa type of metres.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Trika (त्रिक) is the name of a Sage (Muni) who once attended a great sacrifice by Dakṣa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] once a great sacrifice was started by Dakṣa, O sage. To partake in that sacrifice, the celestial and terrestrial sages and devas were invited by Śiva and they reached the place being deluded by Śiva’s Māyā. [Trika, ...] and many others along with their sons and wives arrived at the sacrifice of Dakṣa—my son”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Vedanta (Shaivism)

Trika (त्रिक) refers to the system of the non-dual traditions of Tantra Shaivism. The Trika tradition centers on the worship of three Goddesses: the benevolent Parā, and her fierce manifestations Parāparā and Aparā. The scriptures of the Trika include, among others, the Siddhayogeśvarīmatatantra (its earliest text dated to the seventh century), Mālinīvijayottara, Tantrasadbhāva, Parātrīśikā, and Vijñānabhairavatantra.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Trika (त्रिक):—[trikam] 1. Sacral region or sacrum. The region behind the triangular bone situated dorsal and caudal from the two ilia between the fifth lumbar vertebra and coccyx. 2. region aroundshoulder girdle

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Trika.—(HA), a group of three figures of the Tīrthaṅkaras. Note: trika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Trika (त्रिक).—a. [trayāṇāṃ saṃghaḥ kan]

1) Triple, three-fold.

2) Forming a triad; अव द्वके अव त्रिका दिवश्चरन्ति भेषजा (ava dvake ava trikā divaścaranti bheṣajā) Rv. 1.59.9.

3) Three per cent; cf. Ms.8.152 Kull.

4) Happening the third time.

-kam 1 A triad; भक्तिः परेशानुभवो विरक्तिरन्यत्र चैष त्रिक एककालः (bhaktiḥ pareśānubhavo viraktiranyatra caiṣa trika ekakālaḥ) Bhāg.11.2.42.

2) A place where three roads meet.

3) The lower part of the spine, the part about the hips; पृष्ठवंशाधरे त्रिकम् (pṛṣṭhavaṃśādhare trikam) Ak. (Mar. mākaḍahāḍa); त्रिके स्थूलता (trike sthūlatā) Pt.1.19; कश्चिद्विवृत्तत्रिकभिन्नहारः (kaścidvivṛttatrikabhinnahāraḥ) R.6.16; छिन्नत्रिकास्तथा केचित् (chinnatrikāstathā kecit)...... Śiva. B.13.126.

4) The part between the shoulderblades.

5) The three spices.

-kā 1 A contrivance for raising water (like a wheel) over which passes the rope of the bucket.

2) The cover of a well.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trika (त्रिक).—n.

(-kaṃ) 1. The lower part of the spine. 2. The aggregate of three, a trine, a triad. 3. The three mystical words to be pronounced in daily prayer. 4. A place where three roads meet. 5. Three spices, three myrobalans, &c. collectively: see trikaṭu, triphala and the like. m.

(-kaḥ) A plant: see gokṣuraka. f.

(-kā) 1. A triangular frame or bar across the mouth of a well over which passes the rope of the bucket, or to which one end of it is tied to guard against its slipping. 2. A wooden frame at the mouth of a well, or the upper part of the well. 3. A frame at the bottom of a well, on which the masonry rests. 4. The cover or lid of a well. E. tri three, and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trika (त्रिक).—[tri + ka], I. adj. 1. Forming a triad, [Suśruta] 1, 158, 2. 2. (suppl. śata), Three per cent. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 142. 3. (A place) where three roads meet, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 6501. Ii. n. 1. A triad, Mahābhārata 12, 7954. 2. The chine-bone, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 6, 16. 3. The hip, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 205.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Trika (त्रिक).—[adjective] trine, forming a triad, consisting of three; ± śata three per cent. —[masculine] a triangular place or yard; [neuter] a triad.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Trika (त्रिक):—[from tri] mfn. triple, threefold, forming a triad, [Ṛg-veda x, 59, 9.; Lāṭyāyana] (Stoma; cf. eka-), [Śulba-sūtra i; Suśruta] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] happening the 3rd time, [Pāṇini 5-2, 77]

3) [v.s. ...] (with or without śata) 3 per cent, [Manu-smṛti viii, 152; Manvarthamuktāvalī, kullūka bhaṭṭa’s Commentary on manu-smṛti]

4) [v.s. ...] m. (n., [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) a place where 3 roads meet, [Harivaṃśa; Jaina literature]

5) [v.s. ...] = tri-kaṭa, [Nighaṇṭuprakāśa]

6) [v.s. ...] Trapa bispinosa, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] n. a triad (cf. kaṭu-, taurya-, tri-, pañca-), [Manu-smṛti ii, vii; Patañjali] and, [Kāśikā-vṛtti; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

8) [v.s. ...] the loins, regio sacra, hips, [Harivaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Suśruta] (also ‘the part between the shoulder-blades’) etc.

9) [v.s. ...] the triple Vyāhṛti, [Horace H. Wilson]

10) Trikā (त्रिका):—[from trika > tri] f. a triangular frame across the mouth of a well, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Trika (त्रिक):—(von tri)

1) adj. a) oxyt. zu drei zusammengehörig, dreifach, eine Dreiheit bildend: ava dva.e ava tri.ā di.aścaranti bheṣa.ā [Ṛgveda 10, 59, 9.] stoma [LĀṬY. 3, 8, 1. 8, 5, 23. 25. 6, 15, 10. 20.] rasāḥ [Suśruta 1, 158, 2.] saṃyoga [2, 546, 13.] trayastrikāḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 4, 101,] [Scholiast] — b) parox. zum dritten Mal erfolgend, in Verbind. mit grahaṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 77.] — c) in Verb. mit oder mit Ergänzung von śata drei vom Hundert, drei Procent [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 142.] dvikatrikaśatādirūpā (vṛddhiḥ) [Kullūka] zu [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 8, 152.] dvikatrikādikā (vṛddhiḥ) ebend. —

2) ein Ort wo drei Wege zusammenkommen, n. [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 986.] gṛhyantāṃ gṛhavāstūni kāryantāṃ trikacatvarāḥ [Harivaṃśa 6501.] —

3) wohl m. Name zweier Pflanzen: = gokṣuraka und Trapa bispinosa Lin. [NIGH. PR.]; vgl. trikaṇṭaka . —

4) f. ā eine best. Vorrichtung am Brunnen [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 3, 26.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1091.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] kūpasyānte rajjvādidhāraṇārthamastaṃ dāru trikā [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi,] [Scholiast] kūpoparisthaprāntabhāgaḥ . bhūmiṣṭhakūpapaṭṭamityanye . kūpaspa samīpe rajjudhāraṇārthaṃ tristridāruyantramiti svāmī . [Bharata] zu [Amarakoṣa] [Śabdakalpadruma] —

5) n. a) Dreizahl, τριάς [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 26.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 9.] [Medinīkoṣa k. 25.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 79. 7, 51.] [Patañjali] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 23.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 58, 18.] taurya [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 7, 147.] [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 10.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 279.] pañcatrikā hyete guṇāḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 7954.] tritrika (rāma) [Rāmāyaṇa 5, 32, 13.] trikatraya im [SUKHABODHA] erklärt durch triphalā, trikaṭu und trimada [Śabdakalpadruma] — b) die Gegend am unteren Theile der Wirbelsäule, regio sacra, Kreuzbein [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 2, 27.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 608.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] Bisweilen so v. a. nitamba die Hüften; vgl. [Mallinātha] zu [Kirātārjunīya 4, 15.] In [Suśruta] auch die Gegend zwischen den Schulterblättern (wo auch drei Knochen aneinandergereiht erscheinen). [Harivaṃśa 11357.] vivṛtta [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 16.] trike (zugleich = τριάς d. i. dharma, artha und kāma) sthūlatā [Pañcatantra I, 205.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 1, 374.] [Daśakumāracarita 146, 4.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 50, 9.] beim Pferde [?65. 1. 5. Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1247. - Suśruta 1, 79, 2. 338, 20. 2, 34, 13. 207, 12.] pṛṣṭhavaṃśamubhayatastrikasaṃbaddhe aṃsaphalake [1, 350, 11.] saṃdhi [85, 5. 361, 2.] vedanā Kreuzweh [251, 10.] — Vgl. ekatrika, kaṭutrika unter kaṭutraya .

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Trika (त्रिक):—

1) a) [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 110. 384. 426. fgg.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 11, 2, 42.] —

5) b) sthāna = kaṭīra [Halāyudha 2, 357.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Trika (त्रिक):——

1) Adj. — a) zu drei zusammengehörig , dreifach , eine Dreiheit bildend , aus drei bestehend [Śulbasūtra 1,49.] — b) *zum dritten Mal erfolgend. — c) in Verbindung mit oder mit Ergänzung von śata drei vom hundert , drei Procent.

2) m. (*n.) ein dreieckiger Platz , — Hof [Harivaṃśa 6501.] —

3) *m. — a) Asteracantha longifolia. — b) Trapa bispinosa.

4) *f. ā eine best. Vorrichtung am Brunnen.

5) n. — a) Dreizahl , τριάς [227,1.] — b) regio sacra , Kreuzbein ; auch die Hüften. In [Suśruta (rotrh) ] auch die Gegend zwischen den Schulterblättern.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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