Caturanga, aka: Caturaṅga, Catur-anga; 7 Definition(s)


Caturanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturanga.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Caturanga in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—A king of the Aṅga dynasty. He was the son of Hemapāda and father of Pṛthulākṣa. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 277).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—The son of R(L)omapāda—Daśaratha (Citra-ratha, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), and father of Pṛthulākṣa (Pṛthālaśva, Vāyu-purāṇa.) through the grace of Ṛṣyaśṛnga.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 10; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 104-5. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 18-19.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Caturaṅga.—(EI 2), a complete army. Note: caturaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Caturanga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

caturaṅga (चतुरंग).—a (S) Having the four arms or powers (elephants, cavalry, chariots, infantry)--an army.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturaṅga (चतुरंग).—a Having the four arms or powers (elephants, cavalry, chariots and infantry)-an army.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturanga in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—a. having 4 members, quadripartite. (-ṅm) 1 a complete army consisting of elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry; चतुरङ्गसमायुक्तं मया सह च तं नय (caturaṅgasamāyuktaṃ mayā saha ca taṃ naya) Rām.1.2. 1; एको हि खञ्जनवरो नलिनीदलस्थो दृष्टः करोति चतुरङ्गबलाधिपत्यम् (eko hi khañjanavaro nalinīdalastho dṛṣṭaḥ karoti caturaṅgabalādhipatyam) Ś. Til.4; चतुरङ्गबलो राजा जगतीं वशमानयेत् । अहं पञ्चाङ्गबलवाना- काशं वशमानये (caturaṅgabalo rājā jagatīṃ vaśamānayet | ahaṃ pañcāṅgabalavānā- kāśaṃ vaśamānaye) || Subhāṣ.

2) a sort of chess.

Caturaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 1092 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Aṅga (अङ्ग).—(1) member, part (as in Sanskrit and Pali, where it is recorded as nt. only), m. ...
Khaṭvāṅga.—(EI 5; SII 2), a club with a skull fixed at the top; a Śaiva emblem. Note: khaṭvāṅga...
Pañcāṅga (पञ्चाङ्ग).—mfn. (-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Having five limbs or members, five parts or subdivis...
Vedāṅga (वेदाङ्ग) refers to a category of Apaurūṣeya texts, or “disciplines dealing with knowle...
Upāṅga (उपाङ्ग) refers to the “subsidiary limbs” and represents one of the three types of Āṅgik...
Caturasra (चतुरस्र).—mfn. (-sraḥ-srā-sraṃ) Four cornered, quadrangular. n. (-sraṃ) A square. E....
Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद).—nf. (-daṃ-dī) Verse, a metre of stanzas especially consisting of four Pada...
Caturmukha (Apabhraṃśa Caumuha=nominative Caumuhu), we see that he was one of the greatest Apab...
Caṭu (चटु).—mn. (-ṭuḥ-ṭu) 1. Scream, screech. 2. Kind or agreeable discourse. m. (-ṭuḥ) 1. The ...
Yajñāṅga (यज्ञाङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) 1. The glomerous fig, (Ficus glomerata, Rox.) 2. A plant, (Siph...
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग).—n. (-gaṃ) The aggregate of the four Yugs or ages of the Hindus, a Mahayug...
1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the father of Rudraṇa and the great-great-grand-father of Kumāramaṇ...
Aṅgaja (अङ्गज).—mfn. (-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) 1. Produced or born of the body. n. (-jaṃ) 1. Blood. 2. Love...
Navāṅga (नवाङ्ग) refers the nine classifications of Buddhist scriptures, according to the 2nd c...
Lohitāṅga (लोहिताङ्ग).—m. (-ṅgaḥ) The planet Mars. E. lohita, aṅga body.

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