Caturanga, Caturaṅga, Catur-anga: 12 definitions

Introduction

Caturanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturanga.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturanga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—A king of the Aṅga dynasty. He was the son of Hemapāda and father of Pṛthulākṣa. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 277).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—The son of R(L)omapāda—Daśaratha (Citra-ratha, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), and father of Pṛthulākṣa (Pṛthālaśva, Vāyu-purāṇa.) through the grace of Ṛṣyaśṛnga.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 10; Matsya-purāṇa 48. 95; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 104-5. Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 18-19.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Caturaṅga.—(EI 2), a complete army. Note: caturaṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturanga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturaṅga (चतुरंग).—a (S) Having the four arms or powers (elephants, cavalry, chariots, infantry)--an army.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caturaṅga (चतुरंग).—a Having the four arms or powers (elephants, cavalry, chariots and infantry)-an army.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—a. having 4 members, quadripartite. (-ṅm) 1 a complete army consisting of elephants, chariots, cavalry and infantry; चतुरङ्गसमायुक्तं मया सह च तं नय (caturaṅgasamāyuktaṃ mayā saha ca taṃ naya) Rām.1.2. 1; एको हि खञ्जनवरो नलिनीदलस्थो दृष्टः करोति चतुरङ्गबलाधिपत्यम् (eko hi khañjanavaro nalinīdalastho dṛṣṭaḥ karoti caturaṅgabalādhipatyam) Ś. Til.4; चतुरङ्गबलो राजा जगतीं वशमानयेत् । अहं पञ्चाङ्गबलवाना- काशं वशमानये (caturaṅgabalo rājā jagatīṃ vaśamānayet | ahaṃ pañcāṅgabalavānā- kāśaṃ vaśamānaye) || Subhāṣ.

2) a sort of chess.

Caturaṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—[, m. (otherwise epithet of an army, having the four parts), having a fourfold (army), epithet of a cakra- vartin: Lalitavistara 101.13; 136.16 (both prose); but in the same cliché Mahāvastu has cātu(r)dvīpa, q.v., and Pali cāturanta, Dīghanikāya (Pali) i.88.33; our word is a malformation; Tibetan mthaḥ bzhi las (rnam par rgyal ba) suggests cāturanta-(-viji- tavant), [compound], as the true reading; or possibly cāturantaṃ (see this) vijit°. See vijitavant.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—n.

(-ṅgaṃ) 1. An entire army, comprising elephants, cars, horse and foot. 2. A sort of chess. E. catur, and aṅga a member. catvāri aṅgāni yasya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग).—[adjective] consisting of four members or parts; [neuter] (±bala) a complete army (infantry, cavalry, elephants, chariots); [feminine] ā the same, a sort of chess.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturaṅga (चतुरङ्ग):—[=catur-aṅga] [from catur > catasṛ] mfn. (cat) having 4 limbs (or extremities), [Ṛg-veda x, 92, 11; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa xii]

2) [v.s. ...] (with bala, an army) comprising (4 parts, viz.) elephants, chariots, cavalry, and infantry, [Mahābhārata iii, 790; Rāmāyaṇa ii, 51, 7]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Cucumis utilissimus (?), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Romaor Loma-pāda, [Harivaṃśa 1697 f.; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 23, 10]

5) [v.s. ...] n. ([scilicet] bala) = ṅga-bala, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Mahābhārata ix, 446]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of chess (played by 4 parties), [Tithyāditya]

7) Caturaṅgā (चतुरङ्गा):—[=catur-aṅgā] [from catur-aṅga > catur > catasṛ] f. ([scilicet] senā) = ṅga-bala, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturanga in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Caturaṅga (consisting of) four limbs or divisions, fourfold M. I, 77; J. I, 390; II, 190, 192; VI, 169 (uposatha, cp. aṭṭhaṅga); Dpvs. I, 6; Sdhp. 64;

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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