Caturbhuja, aka: Catur-bhuja; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Caturbhuja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturbhuja.

In Hinduism

Pāñcarātra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Catur-bhuja (‘The four arms’): The four arms represent the three fundamental qualities (gunas) and thenotion of individuality (ahamkara) [from which all existence arises].

(Source): SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Pāñcarātra book cover
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Pāñcarātra (पाञ्चरात्र, pancaratra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Nārāyaṇa is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaiṣnavism, the Pāñcarātra literature includes various Āgamas and tantras incorporating many Vaiṣnava philosophies.

Śilpaśāstra (iconography)

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, western half of the north wall, northern façade.—Standing statue of Śiva with four hands. There is no second gaṇa to the left of the god. Of his two lower hands the right one is damaged and the left is in kaṭyavalambita. The ornamentation of the images in both the niches is alike. Above the niche, in the effigy of a shrine, is carved Garuḍārūḍha Viṣṇu. Garuḍa is shown in flying pose, carrying his Lord Viṣṇu on his shoulders. The scene is in an ornately decorated sanctum with pillars and paraphernalia.

(Source): Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)
Śilpaśāstra book cover
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Śilpaśāstra (शिल्पशास्त्र, shilpa-shastra) represents the ancient Indian science of creative arts such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vāstuśāstra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

India history and geogprahy

1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the father of Rudraṇa and the great-great-grand-father of Kumāramaṇi (1703 C.E.): an author of prosody who belonged to the family of Harivaṃśa, was the son of Harivallabha, grandson of Kaṇṭhamaṇi, and great grandson of Rudraṇa, great great grandson of Caturbhuja. Kumāramaṇi was also the cousin of Vedamaṇi and elder brother of Vāsudeva. He belonged to Śrīvatsagotra. He was also the disciple of Jayagovinda Vājapeyi and Puruṣottama Vājapeyi (both brothers), Kavicārāḍana, Mādhavapaṇḍitarāja, Rudraṇa (probably his great grand father), Madhusūdanakavipaṇḍita. Kumāramaṇi mentions about his family and preceptors in the beginning of his work.

2) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the son of Dāmodara and the father of Keśavācārya and the grandfather of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya belonged to Tripravara-Bharadvājagotra and was the son of Keśavācārya alias Ātmārāma and Candraprabhādevī, grandson of Caturbhuja and great grandson of Dāmodara. Dhīreśvarācārya learnt the systems of grammar at the age of 12 from Rāmadevopādhyā of Nagarakuchi.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—a (S) Four-armed, an epithet or a name of viṣṇu. 2 Having four sides or faces. 3 fig. Having the arms tied behind. v kara, hō. 4 fig. Having a wife.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—a Four-armed. Having the arms tied behind. v Having a wife.

--- OR ---

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—m A square.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 90 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bhuja
bhuja (भुज).—m The whole arm. A side of polygon.--- OR --- bhujā (भुजा).—f The whole arm.--- OR...
Catur
Catur (चतुर्).—num. a. [cat-uran Uṇ.5.58] (always in pl.; m. catvāraḥ; f. catasraḥ; n. catvāri)...
Catushpada
1) Catuṣpada (चतुष्पद) refers to “four-footed”, and represents classification of things that ca...
Caturashra
1) Caturaśra (चतुरश्र, “square”).—One of three main types of playhouses, according to the Nāṭya...
Caturvaktra
Caturvaktra (चतुर्वक्त्र).—an epithet of Brahmā. Derivable forms: caturvaktraḥ (चतुर्वक्त्रः).C...
Catushpatha
Catuṣpatha (चतुष्पथ).—(catuḥpathaḥ or catuṣpathaḥ) -tham also) a place where four roads meet, a...
Ashtabhuja
Aṣṭabhuja (अष्टभुज) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, western half of the nor...
Caturyuga
Caturyuga (चतुर्युग) or simply Yuga refers to the “four ages” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha...
Catushpad
Catuṣpad (चतुष्पद्).—a. (catuṣpada) 1) having four feet; यथा चतुष्पत्सु च केसरी वरः (yathā catu...
Bhujadala
Bhujadala (भुजदल).—the head. Derivable forms: bhujadalaḥ (भुजदलः), bhujadalam (भुजदलम्).Bhujada...
Catuhsima
Catuḥsīmā (चतुःसीमा).—the boundaries on all four sides. Catuḥsīmā is a Sanskrit compound consis...
Caturdisha
Caturdiśa (चतुर्दिश).—the four quarters taken collectively. Derivable forms: caturdiśam (चतुर्द...
Caturgandha
Caturgandha (चतुर्गन्ध) or simply Gandha refers to the “four smells” as defined in the Dharma-s...
Catursangrahavastu
Catursaṅgrahavastu (चतुर्सङ्ग्रहवस्तु) or Catursaṃgrahavastu refers to the “four bases of sympa...
Caturlokapala
Caturlokapāla (चतुर्लोकपाल) refers to the “four world protectors” or “four heavenly kings” as d...

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