Caturbhuja, Catur-bhuja: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Caturbhuja means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chaturbhuja.

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In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama

Catur-bhuja (‘The four arms’): The four arms represent the three fundamental qualities (gunas) and thenotion of individuality (ahamkara) [from which all existence arises].

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (śilpa)

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is found as a sculpture at the temple of Lokeśvara, western half of the north wall, northern façade.—Standing statue of Śiva with four hands. There is no second gaṇa to the left of the god. Of his two lower hands the right one is damaged and the left is in kaṭyavalambita. The ornamentation of the images in both the niches is alike. Above the niche, in the effigy of a shrine, is carved Garuḍārūḍha Viṣṇu. Garuḍa is shown in flying pose, carrying his Lord Viṣṇu on his shoulders. The scene is in an ornately decorated sanctum with pillars and paraphernalia.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturbhuja in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) refers to “having four arms”, used to describe the appearance of Goddess Durgā, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.11. Accordingly as Brahmā said to Nārada:—“[...] O celestial sage, on being thus lauded Caṇḍikā, the mystic slumber, appeared before me. Her complexion had the glossy hue of collyrium. She had comely features. She had four divine arms (divya-caturbhuja). She was seated on a lion. She showed the mystic gesture of granting boons by one of her hands, and pearls adorned her dishevelled hair”.

2) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) refers to “one who has four arms” which is used to describe the appearance of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.17. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] When her Nandā rites were concluded on the ninth day (Navamī), while she was engrossed in meditation, Śiva became visible to her. [...] He was in a joyous mood. He had four arms (caturbhuja) and His neck was blue in colour. [...]”.

3) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) or “four-armed one” is also used as an epithet for Viṣṇu, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.36. Accordingly:—“[...] On hearing these words of the sages Viṣṇu, desirous of fighting with Vīrabhadra went ahead. The powerful Viṣṇu, the four-armed (i.e., caturbhuja) discus-bearing Viṣṇu, fully equipped, came out of the sacrificial chamber along with the Devas”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) or Caturbhujarasa is the name of a Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fifth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 24, Apasmara: epilepsy). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, since it is an ayurveda treatment it should be taken with caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., caturbhuja-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the name of Vidyārāja (i.e., “wisdom king”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Caturbhuja).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) or Caturbhuja-Sitatārā refers to a deity from the White Tārā family, according to Buddhist Iconography.—Her [viz., Caturbhuja-Sitatārā] form has already been described as an emanation of the Dhyāni Buddha Amoghasiddhi. She has four arms and exhibits in the first pair of hands the Utpalamudrā, and the lotus, and the Varada pose in the second. She may be recognized by the presence of two goddesses, Mahāmāyūrī and Mārīcī. [...] Strictly speaking, only those deities can be called Tārās to whom the mantra: “oṃ tārā tuttāre ture svāhā” is assigned. [...] From the colour of the different Tārās it will be possible to refer them [viz., Caturbhuja] to their respective Kulas or families presided over by the five Dhyāni Buddhas.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the father of Rudraṇa and the great-great-grand-father of Kumāramaṇi (1703 C.E.): an author of prosody who belonged to the family of Harivaṃśa, was the son of Harivallabha, grandson of Kaṇṭhamaṇi, and great grandson of Rudraṇa, great great grandson of Caturbhuja. Kumāramaṇi was also the cousin of Vedamaṇi and elder brother of Vāsudeva. He belonged to Śrīvatsagotra. He was also the disciple of Jayagovinda Vājapeyi and Puruṣottama Vājapeyi (both brothers), Kavicārāḍana, Mādhavapaṇḍitarāja, Rudraṇa (probably his great grand father), Madhusūdanakavipaṇḍita. Kumāramaṇi mentions about his family and preceptors in the beginning of his work.

2) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) is the son of Dāmodara and the father of Keśavācārya and the grandfather of Dhīreśvarācārya (1851-1919 C.E.): a poet of modern Assam who composed Vṛttamañjarī. Dhīreśvarācārya belonged to Tripravara-Bharadvājagotra and was the son of Keśavācārya alias Ātmārāma and Candraprabhādevī, grandson of Caturbhuja and great grandson of Dāmodara. Dhīreśvarācārya learnt the systems of grammar at the age of 12 from Rāmadevopādhyā of Nagarakuchi.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturbhuja in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—a (S) Four-armed, an epithet or a name of viṣṇu. 2 Having four sides or faces. 3 fig. Having the arms tied behind. v kara, hō. 4 fig. Having a wife.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—a Four-armed. Having the arms tied behind. v Having a wife.

--- OR ---

caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—m A square.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (C) next»] — Caturbhuja in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—a. 1 quadrangular.

2) having four arms; Bg.11.46. (-jaḥ) 1 an epithet of Viṣṇu; R.16.3.

2) a quadrangular figure.

3) square.

-jam a square.

Caturbhuja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and bhuja (भुज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. A name of Vishnu 2. An equilateral tetragon. E. catur four, and bhuja an arm.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—I. four arms, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 6, 1, 35. Ii. adj., f. , having four arms, 4, 12, 20. Iii. m. the name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 12934.

Caturbhuja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms catur and bhuja (भुज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज).—[adjective] = caturbāhu, [masculine] [Epithet] of [several] gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—guru of Rāmānanda (Kāśīkhaṇḍaṭīkā). Oxf. 72^a.

2) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—father of the lexicographer Śivadatta (1677). Oxf. 195^a.

3) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Adbhutasāgarasāra jy. L. 1930.

4) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Aṣṭādaśa Saṃskāraḥ. Poona. 284. Āśauśasaṃgraha. L. 2071. Oudh. Xviii, 48.

5) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Sṛṣṭikaraṇaṭīkā jy. Peters. 2, 195.

6) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—grammarian. Often quoted by Ramānātha in Manoramā.

7) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Rāmanityārcanapaddhati.

8) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Kṛṣṇapaddhati.

9) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—Śrutabodhaṭīkā Padadyotanikā.

10) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—composed in 1493 at Rāmakeli, a suburb of Gauḍa: Haricarita kāvya.

11) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—son of Bhavānīcaraṇa: Bhāgavatapurāṇadaśamaskandhakatipayaślokavicāra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Caturbhuja (चतुर्भुज):—[=catur-bhuja] [from catur > catasṛ] (in [compound]) 4 arms, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, vi]

2) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. four-armed, [Mahābhārata iii, 16424; Rāmāyaṇa i; Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv]

3) [v.s. ...] quadrangular

4) [v.s. ...] m. Viṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa (cf. [Bhagavad-gītā xi, 46]), [Rāmāyaṇa vi; Raghuvaṃśa; Pañcatantra; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i]

5) [v.s. ...] Name of Gaṇeśa, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

6) [v.s. ...] a quadrangular figure

7) [v.s. ...] Name of a Dānava, [Harivaṃśa 12934]

8) [v.s. ...] of the instructor of (the author of a [commentator or commentary] on [Skanda-purāṇa]) Rāmānanda

9) [v.s. ...] of the father of Śiva-datta

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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