Ardhacandrika, Ardha-candrika, Ardhacandrikā: 6 definitions


Ardhacandrika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ardhachandrika.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ardhacandrika in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Ardhacandrikā (अर्धचन्द्रिका) is another name for Karṇasphoṭā, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Cardiospermum halicacabum (balloon plant) from the Sapindaceae or “soapberry” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.137-138 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh).  Karṇasphoṭā is not mentioned by Dhanvantari (in his Nighaṇṭu); however Chopra identifies it as Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn.; yet, the properties mentioned by chopra do not tally with the text. Together with the names Ardhacandrikā and Karṇasphoṭā, there are a total of eight Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Ardhacandrika in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ardhacandrikā (अर्धचन्द्रिका) refers to “she who is adorned with the half-moon”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Candramaṅgalyā (Jñānamaṅgalā) is in the south-west. She sits on an owl. She has one face and three eyes. She has matted hair, which is (adorned with a) Half Moon [i.e., jaṭājūṭa-ardhacandrikā]. She holds a pestle and trident in her left and right hands, respectively. She wears a garment of human skin and she resounds with the sound of (her) anklets. When the goddess is worshipped in the south-west she consumes inauspicious accidents”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ardhacandrika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ardhacandrikā (अर्धचन्द्रिका).—Name of a climbing plant. (Mar. tiḷavaṇa).

Ardhacandrikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ardha and candrikā (चन्द्रिका).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Ārdhacandrikā (आर्धचन्द्रिका) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] by Vaidyanātha. Proceed. Asb. 1869, 140.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ardhacandrikā (अर्धचन्द्रिका):—[=ardha-candrikā] [from ardha-candraka] f. Name of a climbing plant (Gynandropsis Pentaphylla or Convolvulus Torpethum; See ardhacandrā above).

[Sanskrit to German]

Ardhacandrika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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