Bhukti: 11 definitions

Introduction

Bhukti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Bhukti (भुक्ति, “enjoyment”) refers to one of the ten effects of vyaya (“loss”), according to the Mānasāra. Vyaya is the second of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

Bhukti also refers to the second of nine aṃśa (part), according to the same work. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga.

The particular vyaya (eg., bhukti) and aṃśa (eg., bhukti) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference).

Like in the case of the fruits of āya, all ten effects of vyaya must be considered as auspicious. Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bhukti (भुक्ति).—Motion or daily motion. Note: Bhukti is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Bhukti (भुक्ति) refers to a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. Bhukti (from √bhuj) literally means “enjoyment” or possession. Bhukti denoted an administrative division smaller than a modern Tehsil or Taluka in the Deccan and M.P., but in Northern India under the Guptas and Pratihāras it denoted a unit as large as the Commissioner’s Division in modern times. Thus Pratiṣṭhānabhukti consisted of only 12 and Koppārakabhukti of 50 villages in the Deccan under the Rāṣṭrakūṭas, whereas under the Guptas the Puṇḍravardhanabhukti comprised of the districts of Dinajpur, Bogra and Rajshahi, and Magadhabhukti included the districts of Gayā and Pāṭaliputra.

Bhukti is changed into huti as Jejakabhukti, Jejahuti. The unit bhukti which so often appears in the inscriptions of the Gupta period as the designation of an administrative unit is not frequently found in the early medieval period. The mention of a Nagara-bhukti is also made in Deo-Baranark Inscription of Jīvitagupta II.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhukti.—(IE 8-4; EI 28, 33), a province including a group of districts called viṣaya or maṇḍala; small territorial unit like a Pargana in South India; cf. bhoga. (IE 8-3; 8-4; CII 3), literally, ‘enjoyment’; same as bhoga; a jāgīr; originally meaning ‘enjoyment’; then ‘property’ or ‘a jāgīr’; then ‘a province’. See bhoga. (BL), personal property. Cf. putti, pukti (SITI), the enjoyment of a property. Note: bhukti is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhukti (भुक्ति).—f (S) Making a meal. v kara. Pr. agōdhara bhukti maga bhakti. 2 Enjoyment, fruition, usufruct. 3 Space crossed or accomplished (by a heavenly body in its course).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhukti (भुक्ति).—f Making a meal. Enjoyment.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhukti (भुक्ति).—f. [bhuj-ktin]

1) Eating, enjoyment; भुक्तिं मुक्तिं च विन्दति (bhuktiṃ muktiṃ ca vindati) Rāmarakṣā Stotra. 12.

2) (In law) Possession, fruition; प्रमाणं लिखितं भुक्तिः साक्षिणश्चेति कीर्तितम् (pramāṇaṃ likhitaṃ bhuktiḥ sākṣiṇaśceti kīrtitam) Y.2.22; Pt.3.94.

3) Food.

4) The daily motion of a planet.

5) A limit.

Derivable forms: bhuktiḥ (भुक्तिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhukti (भुक्ति).—f.

(-ktiḥ) 1. Eating. 2. Possession, fruition, usufruct. 3. Food. 4. The diurnal motion of a planet. E. bhuj to eat, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhukti (भुक्ति).—i. e. 2. bhuj + ti, f. 1. Fating, [Pañcatantra] 133, 2. 2. Food, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 170. 3. Fruition. 4. Possession, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 252; [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 93; iv. [distich] 76 (but cf. also Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 125).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhukti (भुक्ति):—[from bhuj] f. enjoyment, eating, consuming, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Pañcatantra]

2) [v.s. ...] fruition, possession, usufruct, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] food, victuals, [Kāvya literature; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] (in [astronomy]) the daily motion of a planet, [Sūryasiddhānta] (cf. pakṣa-bh)

5) [v.s. ...] a limit, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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