Bhuktimukti, Bhukti-mukti: 6 definitions
Bhuktimukti means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “worldly pleasures and salvation”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] worldly pleasures and salvation (bhuktimukti) will be secured by a person who worships with Tulasī. Great valour (pratāpa) can be secured by worshipping with Arka or Kubjakalhāra flowers [...] the Dhārā of Gaṅgā water [viz., Gaṅgājala] yields worldly pleasures and salvation (bhuktimukti). In all these Dhārās Mṛtyuñjaya-mantra shall be muttered ten thousand times. Eleven Brahmins shall be fed”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “enjoyment and liberation”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “(The goddess) is the emanation (sṛṣti) of all the elements (bhūta). She creates the universe. [...] By rotating clockwise (sūryāvarta) she is the Full (Moon) and, (rotating) anticlockwise (vāmāvartā), the New Moon. Transcending (both) Sun and Moon, she is called Śāmbhavī (Śiva's power). That power (when) Full (pūrṇā) bestows worldly enjoyment; (as the) New Moon, accomplishment and liberation. And, (that power) which give worldly enjoyment and liberation [i.e., bhuktimukti-pradā], established in the non-sequential (akrama) (transcendent), withdraws (all things)”
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “enjoyment and liberation”, according to the Svacchandatantra verse 4.79b-81b.—Accordingly, “Next there is the initiation for the purpose of the purification of the cosmic path for those who seek the fruit of [either] enjoyment or liberation (bhuktimukti-phalārthin). The subtle method that causes the cutting of the bonds is explained. The Guru asks the candidate seeking benefits [about] the two-fold [option]. Whatever fruit he desires, accordingly he should start the propitiation of Mantras”.Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “experience and liberation”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 4.1-2ab]—“Now, I will teach about initiation, [which] gives the fruits of experience and liberation (bhuktimukti-phalapradā). It may be done, for the expansion of the transcendent and immanent (parāpara) with thirty-six tattvas or with half that many [eighteen], half that [nine], or with five or three or one”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “enjoyment and liberation”, according to the Saurasaṃhitā 9.34.—Accordingly, [while describing initiation (dīkṣā)]: “With enjoyment and liberation (bhuktimukti) in the heart and having meditated on that [Āditya] as immortal and eternal and become absorbed in it, [the preceptor] is absorbed into the highest reality, which is the aspectless state. When the Sādhaka has become absorbed in it, he has qualities similar to that [Āditya]”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
General definition (in Jainism)
Bhuktimukti (भुक्तिमुक्ति) refers to “enjoyment and liberation”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “If, because of the power of the doctrine, it is not received by those whose minds are boundless, then there is not a cause for enjoyment and liberation (bhuktimukti) in the three worlds. The thirty gods, whose heads are bowed, bow down to the line of lotus feet of those whose hearts have become a refuge only for the doctrine”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: Bhukti, Mukti.
Starts with: Bhuktimuktiphala.
Full-text: Gangajala, Arkapushpa, Kubjakalharapushpa, Pratapa, Kubjakalhara, Arka, Phalarthin, Tulasi.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Bhuktimukti, Bhukti-mukti; (plurals include: Bhuktimuktis, muktis). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 3.2.379 < [Chapter 2 - Description of the Lord’s Travel Through Bhuvaneśvara and Other Placesto Jagannātha Purī]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 3.1.6 < [Chapter 1 - The Worship of Śrī Girirāja]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.22 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Verse 1.3.43 < [Part 3 - Devotional Service in Ecstasy (bhāva-bhakti)]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 5 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 5 - Pauṣkarāgama < [Chapter XXXIV - Literature of Southern Śaivism]
Shakti and Shakta (by John Woodroffe)
Chapter XVIII - Śākta and Advaitavāda < [Section 2 - Doctrine]
Chapter XVII - Śakti and Māyā < [Section 2 - Doctrine]
Chapter XX - The Indian Magna Matter < [Section 2 - Doctrine]