Bhakshya, Bhakṣya: 20 definitions


Bhakshya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhakṣya can be transliterated into English as Bhaksya or Bhakshya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bakshy.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “food to be eaten” and represents one of the six kinds of food (anna), according to the Vālmīki-Rāmāyaṇa Ayodhyākāṇḍa 94.20.—Vālmīkirāmāyaṇa gives us a five-fold classification of food items, which are [viz., bhakṣya].

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “medicinal/herbal diet” and represents one of the modes of treatment for the venom (viṣa) of snakes, as taught in the Viṣacikitsā of the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā. The Viṣacikitsā teaches both general first aid as well as specialised treatment and regimen for the different varieties of snakes. The Kāśyapa Saṃhitā deals exclusively and extensively with the symptoms and the corrective herbal treatment for poisonous bites of snakes. Various modes of treatment like are recommended in different prakaraṇas [e.g., bhakṣya or medicinal/herbal diet].

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य):—Masticable; dietary substances to be masticated; e. g.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “that what is to be eaten”, according to the Mālinīvijayottaratantra, chapter 18 (“appropriate conduct of the accomplished Yogin”) verses 18.74-81 (as quoted in the Tantrāloka verse 4.213-221ab).—Accordingly, “There is no purity here, nor impurity, no consideration of what is to be eaten (bhakṣya), etc. There is no duality, nor non-duality, and no (requirement to perform) acts of devotion to the liṅga, etc. There is similarly no (requisite) abandoning of those [acts], nor the (required) renunciation of material possessions, nor again any (requirement regarding the) accumulation of material possessions. There is no (requisite) maintenance of twisted locks of hair [jaṭā], of (smearing oneself with) sacred ashes, or the like, nor any (requisite) abandoning of the same. [...]”.

2) Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) [=Bhakṣin?] refers to the “(sexual) enjoyment (of women)”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva (verse 6.218): an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, “Doing (kriyā) is what gives people results; knowledge does not produce results, just as a man knowledgable in the sexual enjoyment of women (strī-bhakṣya-bhogajña) is not happy without doing it (kriyā). But doing should be understood as twofold: it is held to be outer and inner. Inner action (kriyā) is through yogic meditation, while outer action is through worship, ascetic observances, etc. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “food”, according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] The fourth one, named Māhendra, fulfills every desire for the householder. The fourth one in the house facing south, Gṛhakṣata, increases food, drink and sons (bhakṣyabhakṣyapānasutavṛddhiṃ) for householders. The sixth one, called Gandhārva, brings glory, pleasures and contentment. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Kama-shastra (the science of Love-making)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (kama)

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “food”.—Cf. Vicitraśākayūṣabhakṣyavikārakriyā which refers to “cooking of various leaves, soup, food etc.”, representing one of the “sixty four kinds of Art”, according to the Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa.—Indian tradition, basically includes sixty four Art forms are acknowledged. The references of sixty four kinds of kalā are found in the Bhāgavatapurāṇa, Śaiva-Tantras, Kāmasūtra of Vātsyāyaṇa etc.

Kamashastra book cover
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Kamashastra (कामशास्त्र, kāmaśāstra) deals with ancient Indian science of love-making, passion, emotions and other related topics dealing with the pleasures of the senses.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshya in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “eating choice food”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “[...] Prosperity is attained by meritorious deeds (sukṛta), and it is desired for the enjoyment of the objects of the senses; that enjoyment again is connected somehow or other with the eighteen kinds of ‘vices’. Pure and unmixed enjoyment, unconnected with any of these, is nowhere to be found. The enjoyment of wearing good garlands, anointing with sandal-paste and eating choice food (bhakṣya) is said to be connected with them. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “prey” (e.g., “the prey of a lion”), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.5.19 (“Jalandhara’s emissary to Śiva”).—Accordingly, as the Gaṇa said to Śiva: “O great lord, O lord of the gods, O Śiva the merciful, O deity favourable to the devotees, my prey (bhakṣya) has been taken away. O lord, I am tormented by hunger. So I am utterly emaciated. O lord of the gods, what shall be eaten by me? Please command me, O lord”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) refers to “drink (to be enjoyed)”, according to the Guru Mandala Worship (maṇḍalārcana) ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ an offering of eatables all combined, full of food to be enjoyed, Provided with drink to be enjoyed (bhakṣya-bhojya-samāyukta), an acceptable offering from her, Five kinds of virtuous conduct, completely full of egg-born fish, Of one mind with the Nirvikalpa, eat and enjoy Hūṃ”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhakṣya (भक्ष्य).—a S (Possible, purposed, necessary, fit) to be eaten, edible.

--- OR ---

bhakṣya (भक्ष्य).—n (S) An eatable; food in general.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य).—a. [bhakṣ-karmaṇi ṇyat] Eatable, fit for food.

-kṣyam 1 Anything eatable, an article of food, food (fig. also); भक्ष्यभक्षकयोः प्रीतिर्विपत्तेरेव कारणम् (bhakṣyabhakṣakayoḥ prītirvipattereva kāraṇam) H.1.55; Manusmṛti 1.113.

2) Water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य).—mfn. (-kṣyaḥ-kṣyā-kṣya) Eatable. n.

(-kṣyaṃ) Food. E. bhakṣ to eat, aff. yat .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य).—[adjective] to be (being) enjoyed or eaten, enjoyable, eatable; [neuter] food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य):—[from bhakṣa > bhakṣ] mfn. to be eaten, eatable, fit for food, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] n. anything eaten, food ([especially] such as requires mastication), [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] m. food, dish, [ib.,] ([probably] [wrong reading] for bhakṣa)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य):—(kṣyaṃ) 1. n. Food. a. Eatable.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhakshya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhakṣya (भक्ष्य) [Also spelled bakshy]:—(a) eatable, edible; (nm) diet, food, feed; -[abhakṣya] ([bhakṣyābhakṣka]) eatable and non-eatable, fit for consumption or otherwise; salubrious or otherwise; —[vastu] eatable, something that can be consumed, fit for consumption.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhakṣya (ಭಕ್ಷ್ಯ):—[adjective] fit to be eaten; edible; eatable.

--- OR ---

Bhakṣya (ಭಕ್ಷ್ಯ):—

1) [noun] that which is fit to be eaten; an edible thing; an eatable.

2) [noun] a special sweet dish made for a particular occasion.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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