Bhakshaka, Bhakṣaka: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhakshaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhakṣaka can be transliterated into English as Bhaksaka or Bhakshaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bakshak.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshaka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—A Śūdra sinner. In Padma Purāṇa the following story is related about this Śūdra.

Bhakṣaka who was once going aimlessly somewhere felt extremely thirsty, and quenched his thirst by drinking water which was found near the small platform raised for the holy Tulasī shrub. The sanctity of the water thus drunk washed away all the sin attached to him. Some time later he was killed by a forestdweller, and he attained svargaloka (heaven). Bhakṣaka, in his previous birth, was a king who led a voluptuous life, and he, once, robbed a very beautiful woman of her chastity, and it was as a punishment for the sin that the King had to be born, in the next birth, in the womb of a Śūdra woman. (Padma Purāṇa, Brahma Kāṇḍa, Chapter 22).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक) refers to one of the male Vidyā-beings mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Bhakṣaka).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshaka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—a (S) That eats. See bhakṣī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—a That eats.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—a. (-kṣikā f.) [भक्ष्-ण्वुल् (bhakṣ-ṇvul)]

1) One who eats or lives upon.

2) Gluttonous, voracious.

-kaḥ Food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Gluttonous, voracious, gourmand. 2. A feeder, an eater, who or what eats. f.

(-kṣikā) A meal, a feed. E. bhakṣ to eat, aff. ṇval .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—[bhakṣ + aka], I. adj. 1. Voracious. 2. Eating, feeding on, [Hitopadeśa] 75, 8. 3. A feeder, [Hitopadeśa] i. [distich] 54, M. M. Ii. f. ṣikā, A meal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक).—[adjective] eating, feeding on ([genetive] or —°); [masculine] enjoyer, eater, devourer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhakṣaka (भक्षक):—[from bhakṣa > bhakṣ] mfn. one who eats, an eater, enjoyer, one who feeds or lives upon (often ifc.), [Harivaṃśa; Kāvya literature; Hitopadeśa]

2) [v.s. ...] voracious, gluttonous, a gourmand, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) [v.s. ...] m. food, [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhakṣaka (भक्षक):—(wie eben)

1) nom. ag. Geniesser, Esser; Verspeiser, sich nährend von: bhakṣyabhakṣakayoḥ prītirvipattereva kāraṇam [Spr. 2009.] māṃsa (pi-śāca) [Harivaṃśa 14607.] śasya [Hitopadeśa 75, 8.] vāsukirvāyubhakṣakaḥ [Spr. 2131.] jagadbhakṣakabhakṣaka (viṣṇu) der diejenigen verspeist, die die Welt verspeisen, [PAÑCAR. 4, 3, 73.] gefrässig [Amarakoṣa 3, 1, 20.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 394.] [Halāyudha 2, 195.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 13, 173.] Vgl. kaṇa . —

2) m. = bhakṣa Speise in gajabhakṣaka . —

3) f. bhakṣikā am Ende eines comp. das Geniessen, Essen, Genuss: ikṣu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 111,] [Scholiast] [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 16.] — Vgl. bhagabhakṣaka .

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Bhakṣaka (भक्षक):—

1) das obj. im gen. [Kathāsaritsāgara 94, 133.] im comp. vorangehend [62, 214. 63, 182.] — Vgl. uṣṭrabhakṣikā .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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