Bakkula: 3 definitions


Bakkula means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Bakkula (बक्कुल) is the (Sanskrit) name of a Bhikṣu during the time of Buddha Vipaśyin, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, “thus, at the time of the Buddha Pi-p’o-che (Vipaśyin), the Bhikṣu Po-kiu-lo (Bakkula) offered a a-li-lö (harītakī) fruit to the Community. For ninety-one kalpas he enjoyed happiness among gods and men. He was never sick. And today, having met the Buddha Śākyamuni, he went forth from home (pravrajita), destroyed his impurities (kṣīṇāsrava) and became Arhat”.

Note: This is a well-known monk called Bakkula, Vakula and Vākula in Sanskrit; Bakkula, Bākula and Vakkula in Pāli. The name means ‘Two families’ (dvakkula, dvikkula): actually, during his last lifetime, Bakkula had taken birth in a wealthy family in Kauśambī, but when his nurse was bathing him in the Yamunā, he was swallowed by a fish. [...] At the age of eighty, Bakkula met the Buddha, entered into the monastic order and, after seven days, attained the state of Arhat. He lived for eighty more years, clothed in rags and tatters, declining any offering of food and refusing to preach even a stanza of two pādas. The Buddha designated him as the foremost of those free of sickness and with few desires. After his death, a stūpa was built for him.

In the Mahākarmavibhaṅga, Bakkula is given as the son of Dharmayaśas, king of Kaśmir.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bakkula in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Bakkula, (=vyākula? Morris, J. P. T. S. 1886, 94) a demon, uttering horrible cries, a form assumed by the Yakkha Ajakalāpaka, to terrify the Buddha Ud. 5 (see also ākulī, where pākula is proposed for bakkula). (Page 481)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bakkula (बक्कुल) or Bakula or Vakkula or Vakula or Vatkula.—(1) (= Pali Bakkula, Bākula, Vakkula), name of a disciple of Buddha: Bakkula Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 2.5; 207.4; Bakula (the same per- son?) Karmavibhaṅga (and Karmavibhaṅgopadeśa) 76.11, called king of Kashmir and son of Dharmayaśas, noted for his health and long life, which in Pali is a characteristic of the thera Ba°; Vakkula Lalitavistara 2.2 (v.l. Vakula; Tibetan Ba ku la); Sukhāvatīvyūha 92.8; Mahāvyutpatti 1065 (var. Vakula; Tibetan Ba ku la, or Bag ku la); Vakula Sukhāvatīvyūha 2.9; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.192.18 ff.; Vatkula Divyāvadāna 396.2 f.; (2) name of two vakṣas: Mahā-Māyūrī 6, 54 (Lévi Vakula).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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