by Dhrubajit Sarma | 2015 | 94,519 words
This page relates “Alamkara (8): Atishayokti or hyperbole” as it appears in the case study regarding the Srikanthacarita and the Mankhakosa. The Shrikanthacarita was composed by Mankhaka, sometimes during A.D. 1136-1142. The Mankhakosa or the Anekarthakosa is a kosa text of homonymous words, composed by the same author.
Atiśayokti or hyperbole occurs, when the introsusception (adhyavasāya) is complete. When the viṣayin (i.e. upamāna or aprastuta) swallows up (or altogether takes in) the viṣaya (the subject on which something else is superimposed) and there is therefore an apprehension of identity, it is adhyavasāya. In the verse, ākāśadeśaṃ vidadhaddvicandraṃ ……, it has been stated that in the mass of twisted hair of goddess Caṇḍī, there are the serpents, the light of whose crest jewels, beared the grace of the wine Kādambarī at the middle part of Caṇḍī’s skull. As a result, it appears as if, there are two moons in the sky. Here the viṣayin candra swallows up (or all together takes in) the viṣaya kapāla and therefore, there is an apprehension of identity i.e., adhyavasāya. Some other examples are—limpannabho marakatadravanimnagābhi ……., āraktaṃ haṭharodanāruṇa ……., athavā bibhṛhi ……, also XI. 44; XII. 45; XIII. 24, 34; XVII. 11; XXIII. 42.
Footnotes and references:
Sāhityadarpaṇa., X. 46
ākāśadeśaṃ vidadhaddvicandraṃ caṇḍyāḥ kapālaṃ yaśase tadastu/
jūṭāhiratnadyutayo yadantaḥ kādambarīvibhramamāśrayante// Śrīkaṇṭhacarita., I. 20
Ibid., VII. 48
Ibid., X. 59
Ibid., XI. 31