Aratta, aka: Āratta, Āraṭṭa, Araṭṭa; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Aratta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Itihasa (narrative history)

[Aratta in Itihasa glossaries]

Āraṭṭa (आरट्ट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VII.165.69, VIII.30.36, VIII.30.40, VIII.30.43, VIII.30.47, VIII.30.58, VIII.30.74) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āraṭṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Purana

[Aratta in Purana glossaries]

Araṭṭa (अरट्ट).—A place in ancient India. After Droṇa was killed in the great war, Kṛtavarmā ran away with the warriors of Araṭṭa. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 193, Verse 13).

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

[Aratta in India history glossaries]

Āraṭṭa (आरट्ट) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

(Source): Wisdom Library: India History
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Aratta in Pali glossaries]

Āratta, (nt. ?) (Sk. cp. ārakta, pp. of ā + raj) time, period (orig. affected, tinted with), only in cpd. vassāratta the rainy season, lent J. IV, 444; Dāvs II. 74. (Page 107)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Aratta in Sanskrit glossaries]

Āraṭṭa (आरट्ट).—

1) Name of a country to the north-east of Punjab, famous for its breed of horses; (the people of Guzarath in Ravalpindi still call their country Hairat or Airatdesa); the inhabitants of this country (pl.).

2) A horse from this country.

Derivable forms: āraṭṭaḥ (आरट्टः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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