Aratta, aka: Āratta, Āraṭṭa, Araṭṭa; 5 Definition(s)
Aratta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Āraṭṭa (आरट्ट) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VII.165.69, VIII.30.36, VIII.30.40, VIII.30.43, VIII.30.47, VIII.30.58, VIII.30.74) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Āraṭṭa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
Araṭṭa (अरट्ट).—A place in ancient India. After Droṇa was killed in the great war, Kṛtavarmā ran away with the warriors of Araṭṭa. (Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 193, Verse 13).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geogprahy
Āraṭṭa (आरट्ट) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.(Source): Wisdom Library: India History
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Āratta, (nt. ？) (Sk. cp. ārakta, pp. of ā + raj) time, period (orig. affected, tinted with), only in cpd. vassāratta the rainy season, lent J. IV, 444; Dāvs II. 74. (Page 107)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
1) Name of a country to the north-east of Punjab, famous for its breed of horses; (the people of Guzarath in Ravalpindi still call their country Hairat or Airatdesa); the inhabitants of this country (pl.).
2) A horse from this country.
Derivable forms: āraṭṭaḥ (आरट्टः).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 6 books and stories containing Aratta, Āratta, Āraṭṭa or Araṭṭa. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
List of Mahabharata tribes (by Laxman Burdak)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
The Harsha-charita (by Bāṇabhaṭṭa)