Aparna, Aparṇā, Aparṇa, Apārṇa: 11 definitions


Aparna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Aparṇā (अपर्णा) is another name for Pārvatī, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī performed her penance: “[...] Since she, the daughter of Himavat, eschewed leaves from her diet she was called Aparṇā by the gods. Then Pārvatī performed great penance standing on one leg and remembering Śiva, she continued muttering the five-syllabled mantra. Clad in barks of trees, wearing matted hair and eager in the meditation of Śiva, she surpassed even sages by her penance. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Aparṇā (अपर्णा).—One of the three daughters of Menā and Himavat. Seeing her severe penance houseless and foodless her mother said ‘soma’, (Umā, Vāyu-purāṇa) whence she became Umā and married Śiva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 8-13; Vāyu-purāṇa 72. 7, 11-2.

1b) A daughter of Menā: married Jaigīṣavya.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 8-9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Āparṇā (आपर्णा) (or Ekavarṇā) refers to one of the daughters of Himavat and Menakā, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, as Himavat says to Bhairava: “I have a beloved daughter born of Menakā’s womb. Out of fear of having her wings cut, she entered the sea. One of my daughters is Āparṇā (or, Ekavarṇā) and the second one is Ekapāṭalā. The third is the youngest (laghvīyasī). She is the beautiful Kālinī who is (still) alive. (These are my) daughters the eldest, middle one and the one called the child, respectively. I have given you one (namely) Sukālinī, who is present (here). O god, she is beautiful, well mannered and devoted to her husband (satīdharmaratā). May she now worship the feet of the Lord”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparṇa (अपर्ण).—a. Leafless.

-rṇā Name of Durgā or Pārvatī Kālidāsa thus accounts for the name : -स्वयंविशीर्णद्रुमपर्ण- वृत्तिता परा हि काष्ठा तपसस्तया पुनः । तदप्यपाकीर्णमिति प्रियंवदां वदन्त्यपर्णेति च तां पुराविदः (svayaṃviśīrṇadrumaparṇa- vṛttitā parā hi kāṣṭhā tapasastayā punaḥ | tadapyapākīrṇamiti priyaṃvadāṃ vadantyaparṇeti ca tāṃ purāvidaḥ) || Ku.5.28; cf. Śiva P. चतुर्थे त्यक्तपर्णा च अपर्णाख्यामवाप सा (caturthe tyaktaparṇā ca aparṇākhyāmavāpa sā) |

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Apārṇa (अपार्ण).—a. [apa-ard-kta nipātaḥ]

1) Distant, remote, far.

2) Near.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparṇa (अपर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) Leafless. f.

(-rṇā) A name of Parvati. E. a not, and parṇa a leaf: the goddess not having even leaves for food, during her performance of religious austerities.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aparṇa (अपर्ण):—[=a-parṇa] mfn. leafless, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) Aparṇā (अपर्णा):—[=a-parṇā] [from a-parṇa] f. ‘not having even leaves (for food during her religious austerities)’, Name of Durgā or Pārvatī, [Kumāra-sambhava v, 28.]

3) Apārṇa (अपार्ण):—mfn. ([from] apār above, [Brāhmaṇa] See abhy-arṇa), distant, far from ([ablative]), [Nirukta, by Yāska]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparṇa (अपर्ण):—I. [bahuvrihi compound] 1. m. f. n.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇam) Leafless. 2. f.

(-rṇā) A name of Umā, as a daughter of Himavat and Menā, so called because she did not even eat a leaf during her performance of religious austerities, while her sisters ekaparṇā and ekapāṭalā partook at least, the one of one leaf and the other of one Pāṭalā flower. E. a priv. and parṇa. Ii. [bahuvrihi compound] m. f. n.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇam) Free from debt or obligation; e. g. tatrāparṇāya tatasvanayādbhaimī tapasyaparṇāyatata . tulitasuparṇāya tatastasyāgamanāya sartuparṇāya tataḥ .. E. apa and ṛṇa.

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Apārṇa (अपार्ण):—[tatpurusha compound] m. f. n.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇam) Far, remote; e. g. apārṇaṃ grāmāt. E. ard with apa, kṛt aff. kta. (Of similar deriv. Pāṇ. and the commentaries on the Dhātupāthas mention only samarṇa, nyarṇa, vyarṇa, abhyarṇa; the given instance is from Prof. Roth's ed. of the Nirukta.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparṇa (अपर्ण):—[a-parṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a. Leafless. (rṇṇā) f. A name of Pārvati.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aparna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aparṇa (ಅಪರ್ಣ):—[adjective] bereft of leaves; leafless.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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