Aparigraha: 6 definitions



Aparigraha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Aparigraha in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) refers to one of the various limbs of Yoga, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the eleventh chapter contains the dialogue of Śiva and Skanda; the glories of the devotees of Śiva and the devotion to Śiva. The systems of Yoga along with its limbs Yama, Niyama, Ahiṃsā, Brahmacarya, Aparigraha, Svādhāya, Saṃtoṣa, Śauca, Prāṇāyāma and Samādhi are described while various kinds of impediments to the practice of Yoga and the means of overcoming them are explained in the thirteenth chapter.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Aparigraha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह, “poverty”) refers to one of the five types of Saṃyakcaritra (“right-conduct”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. The abandonment of all censurable activities will lead to right-conduct (cāritra), known by its five divisions, the vow of non-injury, etc. Non-injury, truthfulness, honesty, chastity, and poverty, with five supporting clauses each, lead to mokṣa. [...] Poverty (aparigraha) is the abandonment of infatuation with all objects, since bewilderment of the mind would result from infatuation even with unreal things”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Aparigraha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—a. Without possessions or belonging, attendants &c; Without a wife; तदाप्रभृत्येव विमुक्तसङ्गः पतिः पशूनामपरिग्रहोऽभूत (tadāprabhṛtyeva vimuktasaṅgaḥ patiḥ paśūnāmaparigraho'bhūta) Ku.1.53. quite destitute, as in निराशीर- परिग्रहः (nirāśīra- parigrahaḥ) Bg.6.1.

-haḥ 1 Non-acceptance, rejection, renunciation, one of the several kinds of yamas (mental restraints) stated in Yogaśāstra by Patañjali.

2) Destitution, poverty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) Non-acceptance. E. a neg. parigraha taking.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—1. [masculine] non-comprehension, non-acceptance; want of property.

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Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—2. [adjective] having no property or no wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह):—[=a-parigraha] m. not including [commentator or commentary] on [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

2) [v.s. ...] non-acceptance, renouncing (of any possession besides the necessary utensils of ascetics), [Jaina literature]

3) [v.s. ...] deprivation, destitution, poverty

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. destitute of possession

5) [v.s. ...] destitute of attendants or of a wife, [Kumāra-sambhava i, 54.]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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