Aparigraha: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Aparigraha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Aparigrah.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) refers to one of the various limbs of Yoga, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the eleventh chapter contains the dialogue of Śiva and Skanda; the glories of the devotees of Śiva and the devotion to Śiva. The systems of Yoga along with its limbs Yama, Niyama, Ahiṃsā, Brahmacarya, Aparigraha, Svādhāya, Saṃtoṣa, Śauca, Prāṇāyāma and Samādhi are described while various kinds of impediments to the practice of Yoga and the means of overcoming them are explained in the thirteenth chapter.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) refers to “non-grasping”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What is non-grasping (aparigraha)? It is not grasping permanence or impermanence in form, as well as in feeling, perception, formative factors or consciousness; it is not grasping suffering or happiness in form, as well as in feeling, perception, formative factors or consciousness; it is not grasping the self or selflessness in form, as well as in feeling, perception, formative factors or consciousness; it is not grasping the beautiful or the ugly in from, as well as in [feeling, perception, formative factors or] consciousness; it is not grasping emptiness or non-emptiness in from, as well as in [feeling, perception, formative factors or] consciousness. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह, “poverty”) refers to one of the five types of Saṃyakcaritra (“right-conduct”), as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. The abandonment of all censurable activities will lead to right-conduct (cāritra), known by its five divisions, the vow of non-injury, etc. Non-injury, truthfulness, honesty, chastity, and poverty, with five supporting clauses each, lead to mokṣa. [...] Poverty (aparigraha) is the abandonment of infatuation with all objects, since bewilderment of the mind would result from infatuation even with unreal things”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—a. Without possessions or belonging, attendants &c; Without a wife; तदाप्रभृत्येव विमुक्तसङ्गः पतिः पशूनामपरिग्रहोऽभूत (tadāprabhṛtyeva vimuktasaṅgaḥ patiḥ paśūnāmaparigraho'bhūta) Kumārasambhava 1.53. quite destitute, as in निराशीर- परिग्रहः (nirāśīra- parigrahaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 6.1.

-haḥ 1 Non-acceptance, rejection, renunciation, one of the several kinds of yamas (mental restraints) stated in Yogaśāstra by Patañjali.

2) Destitution, poverty.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—m.

(-haḥ) Non-acceptance. E. a neg. parigraha taking.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—1. [masculine] non-comprehension, non-acceptance; want of property.

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Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह).—2. [adjective] having no property or no wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह):—[=a-parigraha] m. not including [commentator or commentary] on [Taittirīya-prātiśākhya]

2) [v.s. ...] non-acceptance, renouncing (of any possession besides the necessary utensils of ascetics), [Jaina literature]

3) [v.s. ...] deprivation, destitution, poverty

4) [v.s. ...] mfn. destitute of possession

5) [v.s. ...] destitute of attendants or of a wife, [Kumāra-sambhava i, 54.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-haḥ) 1) Non-encompassing, non-com-prehension; e. g. in the Vedānta Sūtra: aparigrahāccātyantamanapekṣā.

2) Non-acceptance. In the latter sense this word has assumed a special bearing in the Yoga philosophy and in such passages of the Upan. and other writings (compare e. g. Wilson’s Viṣṇupurāṇa p. 288. n. 2), as refer to the doctrine of this philosophy; it means there: renouncing every thing that can afford enjoyment, as a commentator observes, from the perception of the defects that inhere in mundane objects, as they must be acquired, preserved, as they perish, produce affection and cause the infliction of injury (Bhojadeva: aparigraho bhogasādhanānāmasvīkaraṇam; another: viṣayāṇāmarjanarakṣaṇakṣayasaṅgahiṃsādoṣadarśanādasvīkaraṇamaparigrahaḥ); it is in the Yoga phil. the last of the five categories of the term yama q. v., the latter being one of the eight Angas or constituent parts of the Yoga (see yogāṅga). Renunciation however must be understood there in its widest sense, also as indifference to one’s own body, since the soul’s assuming a body is also parigraha or covetousness, for body is the instrument of enjoyment and passion is connected with it; and only the Yogin who is firm in the renunciation in this widest sense, obtains a knowledge of the condition of former and subsequent existences: aparigrahasthairye janmakathantāsaṃbodhaḥ (Bhojadeva: …na kevalaṃ bhogasādhanaparigraha eva parigrahaḥ . kiṃtu yāvadātmanaḥ śarīragrahī pi parigrahaḥ . bhogasādhanatvāccharīrasya tasminsati rāgānubandhāt . vahirmukhāyāmeva pravṛttau na tāttvikajñānaprādurbhāvaḥ . yadā punaḥ śarīrādiparigrahanairapekṣyeṇa mādhyasthyamālambate tadā madhyasthasya rāgādityāgātsamyagjñānaheturbhavatyeva pūrvāparajanmasaṃbodhaḥ). (Jayamangala in his comm. on Bhaṭṭik. 1. 15. calls the fifth yama, contrary to the Yoga S., akalmaṣa, equally so Harihara; but Vidyāvinodāchārya names it correctly in his comm. aparigraha.)—The comm. on the Sāṅkhya phil., while retaining the definition of yama as given by Patanjali, have made yama one of the four categories of dharma (q. v.), righteousness, dharma being in the Sāṅkhya one of the four categories of buddhi (q. v.), intellect, when it is sātvika or under the influence of the quality of goodness. E. a neg. and parigraha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह):—[a-parigraha] (haḥ) 1. m. Non-acceptance. a. Independent.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Apariggaha, Apariggahā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Aparigraha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) [Also spelled aparigrah]:—(nm) renunciation; possessionlessness, the state of being without any belongings; (a) destitute of all possessions (beyond the basic minimum).

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Aparigraha in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aparigraha (ಅಪರಿಗ್ರಹ):—

1) [noun] the condition of not receiving anything from others.

2) [noun] (Jain.) an ascetic vow of leading a destitute life, without accepting anything from others; non-acquisitiveness.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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