Ankura, aka: Aṅkura, Aṅkūra; 11 Definition(s)

Introduction

Ankura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) or Aṅkūra refers to the “sprouts” (of trees), as mentioned in a list of four synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Aṅkura] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to “substances (dravya) produced (ja) through a sprout (aṅkura)”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).

Accordingly, “substances produced through a sprout” are classified by the scholars in five ways:

  1. Vanaspati (fruit-bearing trees without flowers),
  2. Vānaspatya (fruit-bearing trees with flowers),
  3. Kṣupa (shrubs having smaller roots),
  4. Vīrudh (creepers),
  5. Oṣadhi or Auṣadha (that which perishes after ripening of fruits).
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

1) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर, “sprout”) refers to ‘movements of the hand supplemental to an idea’. It is one of the three aspects of abhinaya (“histrionic representation”), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.

2) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to one of the representations through which the body (śārīra) expresse itself, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. It is also known by the name Aṅkurābhinaya. These bodily expressions, or representations (abhinaya), are to be executed in accordance with the psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa) available in the dramatic play (nāṭya). It forms a part of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “when one skilfully represents by gestures (aṅga, āṅgika) in the manner of the sūcā and having the same source as the feeling which one has in one’s heart, it is called the representation of aṅkura”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Aṅkura (अङ्कुर), which literally means a sprout, is the movement of the hand that supplements an idea just represented.

Source: Academia.edu: Some Pearls from the Fourth Chapter of Abhinavabhāratī Table of Contents

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Tenth son of Devagabbha and Upasagara (J.iv.81f), and one of the Andhakavenhudasaputta.

Ankura gave his share of the kingdom, won by the dasaputta, to his sister Anjana, and started in trade (J.iv.81f). The Peta Vatthu (Pv.23ff.; PvA.111ff) contains an account of Ankuras later career. Once he took a caravan of a thousand carts from Dvaravati to Kamboja, led by himself and a brahmin colleague. On the way their water supply fails, but they are befriended by a Yakkha of great power, who, in his previous life, had been one of Ankuras trusted and loyal servants. Annoyed by the suggestion of the brahmin that instead of proceeding to Kamboja they should entice the Yakkha back with them to Dvaravati, the Yakkha appears before them in person, and in answer to Ankuras questions, tells him that he had been a tailor in Bheruva, where lived the generous Asayha. When suppliants came in search of Asayhas house, the tailor showed them the way. Impressed by the story, Ankura returns forthwith to Dvaravati, and spends the rest of his life, 60,000 years (10,000 says DhA.(loc infra);Sp.i.245), in acts of unparalleled munificence. (There were as many as 3,000 cooks to supply food in his alms halls and 60,000 youths to cut firewood.) He is reborn in Tavatimsa.

In the assembly of the devas who gather to listen to the Buddhas preaching of the Abhidhamma, Ankura occupies a place in the back row, (12 leagues away says DhA.iii.219; 10 leagues away says Pv.28, v.65) while Indaka, who had given but one spoonful of rice to Anuruddha Thera, sits quite close to the Buddha. The Buddha notices this and remarks that Indaka had been lucky in finding a worthy donee; the recipients of Ankuras gifts had not been distinguished for their holiness. Gifts should, therefore, be given discriminately. At the end of this discourse Ankura becomes a sotapanna. DhA.iii.222; ibid., iv.82. See also Lders, ZDMG. 58, 700.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Ankura in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

aṅkura : (m.) a shoot; sprout; bud.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Aṅkura, (cp. Sk. aṅkura, to aṅka a bend = a tendril etc.) a shoot, a sprout (lit. or fig.) J.II, 105; VI, 331 (Buddh °a nascent Buddha), 486; Dhs.617 (°vaṇṇa); Miln.50, 251 269; Sdhp.273; Mhvs 15, 43. (Page 6)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

aṅkura (अंकुर).—m (S) A sprout or shoot. 2 Germination. v . aṃ0 disaṇēṃ g. of s. (To show a sprouting.) To give indications of future character--a child, a pupil.

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āṅkūra (आंकूर).—m (Corr. from aṅkura S) A sprout or shoot; esp. certain tender sproutings from the ground viewed as esculent.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅkura (अंकुर).—m A sprout. Germination.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅkura (अङ्कुर).—[aṅk-ūrc Uṇ 1.38]

1) A sprout, shoot, blade; दर्भाङ्कुरेण चरणः क्षतः (darbhāṅkureṇa caraṇaḥ kṣataḥ) Ś.2.12; 'a little bloomed flower;' स नानाकुसुमैः कीर्णः कपिः साङ्कुरकोरकैः (sa nānākusumaiḥ kīrṇaḥ kapiḥ sāṅkurakorakaiḥ) Rām 5.1.49. oft. in comp. in the sense of 'pointed', 'sharp' &c.; मकरवक्त्रदंष्ट्राङ्कुरात् (makaravaktradaṃṣṭrāṅkurāt) Bh.2.4 pointed jaws; नृसिंहस्य नखाङ्कुरा इव (nṛsiṃhasya nakhāṅkurā iva) K.4 pointed nails; कुरण्टकविपाण्डुरं दधति धाम दीपाङ्कुराः (kuraṇṭakavipāṇḍuraṃ dadhati dhāma dīpāṅkurāḥ) Vb.4.1; पतङ्गपवनव्यालोलदीपाङ्कुरच्छायाचञ्चलम् (pataṅgapavanavyāloladīpāṅkuracchāyācañcalam) Bh. 3.68 unsteady like the pointed flame of a lamp; (fig). scion, offspring, progeny; अनने कस्यापि कुलाङ्कुरेण (anane kasyāpi kulāṅkureṇa) Ś.7.19 sprout or child of some one; अन्वयाङ्कुरम् (anvayāṅkuram) Dk.6.

2) Water.

3) Blood.

4) A hair.

5) A tumour, swelling.

Derivable forms: aṅkuraḥ (अङ्कुरः), aṅkuram (अङ्कुरम्).

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Aṅkūra (अङ्कूर).—[aṅk-kharjūrāditvāt ūrac] A sprout, See अङ्कुर (aṅkura); दशरथकुलाङ्कूरमाद्यम् (daśarathakulāṅkūramādyam) Mv.6.45.

Derivable forms: aṅkūraḥ (अङ्कूरः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅkura (अङ्कुर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. A Shoot or sprout. 2. The hair of the body. 3. Blood 4. Water. E. aṅka to stain. and Unadi aff. urac.

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Aṅkūra (अङ्कूर).—m.

(-raṃ) A sprout, a germin. E. See aṅkura, u being made long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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