Ankura, Aṅkura, Aṅkūra, Amkura: 26 definitions
Ankura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) or Aṅkūra refers to the “sprouts” (of trees), as mentioned in a list of four synonyms in the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Aṅkura] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to “substances (dravya) produced (ja) through a sprout (aṅkura)”, as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).
Accordingly, “substances produced through a sprout” are classified by the scholars in five ways:
- Vanaspati (fruit-bearing trees without flowers),
- Vānaspatya (fruit-bearing trees with flowers),
- Kṣupa (shrubs having smaller roots),
- Vīrudh (creepers),
- Oṣadhi or Auṣadha (that which perishes after ripening of fruits).
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर):—[aṅkuraḥ] Polypus or A small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
1) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर, “sprout”) refers to ‘movements of the hand supplemental to an idea’. It is one of the three aspects of abhinaya (“histrionic representation”), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature.
2) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to one of the representations through which the body (śārīra) expresse itself, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 24. It is also known by the name Aṅkurābhinaya. These bodily expressions, or representations (abhinaya), are to be executed in accordance with the psychological states (bhāva) and sentiments (rasa) available in the dramatic play (nāṭya). It forms a part of sāmānyābhinaya, or “harmonious representation”.
According to the Nāṭyaśāstra, “when one skilfully represents by gestures (aṅga, āṅgika) in the manner of the sūcā and having the same source as the feeling which one has in one’s heart, it is called the representation of aṅkura”.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
1) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) or Aṅkurākāra refers to a “sprout”.—The Kubjikāmatatantra tell us that the goddess who emerges from the Liṅga is bent (kubjarūpā). Various reasons are given in the sources for her being ‘bent’. [...] Her bent condition relates also to her metaphysical identity as Kuṇḍalinī. [...] She is also said to be there in the ‘form of a sprout’ (aṅkurākāra-rūpiṇī), which is another common way of describing Kuṇḍalinī in all the other major Śaiva schools. Like the sprout that emerges from a seed, she issues forth from the pregnant potency of the womb-like Liṅga bent at first to then straighten out into the fullness of manifestation. This image of the awakening of Kuṇḍalinī was maintained in the later Kaula schools where she is regularly depicted as coiled around the Liṅga in the Root Foundation (mūlādhāra).
2) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to one of the eight Bhairavas (bhairava-aṣṭaka) associated with Nādapīṭha (identified with Kulūta), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Bhairavas (bhairavāṣṭaka): Amogha, Mahānāda, Aṅkura, Śivottama, Ekarudra, Lakulīśa, Sūkṣmīśa, Ekanetra.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to a “sprout”, according to the Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.8-9.—Accordingly, “Even a sense organ has already been experienced before [being inferred]; for this [sense organ] is not inferred in its own specific form, but rather, as a [mere] generality. This is what [I] say in the Vṛtti [with the words] ‘a cause that is a mere indeterminate thing’. The object [inferred in this inference of the sense organs] is a generality [that simply consists in] being a cause; [and this generality] was manifested before [the inference] in the cognition that the seed is a cause of the sprout (aṅkura-nimitta), [or] in the cognition that clay for instance is a cause of the pot and [other such objects]. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Academia.edu: Some Pearls from the Fourth Chapter of Abhinavabhāratī Table of Contents
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर), which literally means a sprout, is the movement of the hand that supplements an idea just represented.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Tenth son of Devagabbha and Upasagara (J.iv.81f), and one of the Andhakavenhudasaputta.
Ankura gave his share of the kingdom, won by the dasaputta, to his sister Anjana, and started in trade (J.iv.81f). The Peta Vatthu (Pv.23ff.; PvA.111ff) contains an account of Ankuras later career. Once he took a caravan of a thousand carts from Dvaravati to Kamboja, led by himself and a brahmin colleague. On the way their water supply fails, but they are befriended by a Yakkha of great power, who, in his previous life, had been one of Ankuras trusted and loyal servants. Annoyed by the suggestion of the brahmin that instead of proceeding to Kamboja they should entice the Yakkha back with them to Dvaravati, the Yakkha appears before them in person, and in answer to Ankuras questions, tells him that he had been a tailor in Bheruva, where lived the generous Asayha. When suppliants came in search of Asayhas house, the tailor showed them the way. Impressed by the story, Ankura returns forthwith to Dvaravati, and spends the rest of his life, 60,000 years (10,000 says DhA.(loc infra);Sp.i.245), in acts of unparalleled munificence. (There were as many as 3,000 cooks to supply food in his alms halls and 60,000 youths to cut firewood.) He is reborn in Tavatimsa.
In the assembly of the devas who gather to listen to the Buddhas preaching of the Abhidhamma, Ankura occupies a place in the back row, (12 leagues away says DhA.iii.219; 10 leagues away says Pv.28, v.65) while Indaka, who had given but one spoonful of rice to Anuruddha Thera, sits quite close to the Buddha. The Buddha notices this and remarks that Indaka had been lucky in finding a worthy donee; the recipients of Ankuras gifts had not been distinguished for their holiness. Gifts should, therefore, be given discriminately. At the end of this discourse Ankura becomes a sotapanna. DhA.iii.222; ibid., iv.82. See also Lders, ZDMG. 58, 700.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to a “sprout”, according to Vāgīśvarakīrti’s Tattvaratnāvaloka verse 17.—Accordingly, “Cleansed by the oozing of the seed (i.e. semen) from the thunderbolt (i.e.the officiant’s penis) growing as a sprout (aṅkura-bhūta) born from a purified lotus (i.e. the consecrated vulva of the consort), the crop that is the fourth [state of consciousness] comes to full bloom; [although] the Fourth [Initiation] is manifest, it is hidden even from the wise”.
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) refers to one of the Kapis fighting in Rāma’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] [Aṅkura, ...] and other Kapis fought with Rākṣasas separately, leaping up and falling down, like cocks fighting with cocks. [...] Then the soldiers of Rāma and Rāvaṇa returned, purifying their own men, killed and unkilled”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
aṅkura : (m.) a shoot; sprout; bud.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Aṅkura, (cp. Sk. aṅkura, to aṅka a bend = a tendril etc.) a shoot, a sprout (lit. or fig.) J.II, 105; VI, 331 (Buddh °a nascent Buddha), 486; Dhs.617 (°vaṇṇa); Miln.50, 251 269; Sdhp.273; Mhvs 15, 43. (Page 6)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aṅkura (अंकुर).—m (S) A sprout or shoot. 2 Germination. v yē. aṃ0 disaṇēṃ g. of s. (To show a sprouting.) To give indications of future character--a child, a pupil.
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āṅkūra (आंकूर).—m (Corr. from aṅkura S) A sprout or shoot; esp. certain tender sproutings from the ground viewed as esculent.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
aṅkura (अंकुर).—m A sprout. Germination.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर).—[aṅk-ūrc Uṇ 1.38]
1) A sprout, shoot, blade; दर्भाङ्कुरेण चरणः क्षतः (darbhāṅkureṇa caraṇaḥ kṣataḥ) Ś.2.12; 'a little bloomed flower;' स नानाकुसुमैः कीर्णः कपिः साङ्कुरकोरकैः (sa nānākusumaiḥ kīrṇaḥ kapiḥ sāṅkurakorakaiḥ) Rām 5.1.49. oft. in comp. in the sense of 'pointed', 'sharp' &c.; मकरवक्त्रदंष्ट्राङ्कुरात् (makaravaktradaṃṣṭrāṅkurāt) Bhartṛhari 2.4 pointed jaws; नृसिंहस्य नखाङ्कुरा इव (nṛsiṃhasya nakhāṅkurā iva) K.4 pointed nails; कुरण्टकविपाण्डुरं दधति धाम दीपाङ्कुराः (kuraṇṭakavipāṇḍuraṃ dadhati dhāma dīpāṅkurāḥ) Vb.4.1; पतङ्गपवनव्यालोलदीपाङ्कुरच्छायाचञ्चलम् (pataṅgapavanavyāloladīpāṅkuracchāyācañcalam) Bh. 3.68 unsteady like the pointed flame of a lamp; (fig). scion, offspring, progeny; अनने कस्यापि कुलाङ्कुरेण (anane kasyāpi kulāṅkureṇa) Ś.7.19 sprout or child of some one; अन्वयाङ्कुरम् (anvayāṅkuram) Daśakumāracarita 6.
4) A hair.
5) A tumour, swelling.
Derivable forms: aṅkuraḥ (अङ्कुरः), aṅkuram (अङ्कुरम्).
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Aṅkūra (अङ्कूर).—[aṅk-kharjūrāditvāt ūrac] A sprout, See अङ्कुर (aṅkura); दशरथकुलाङ्कूरमाद्यम् (daśarathakulāṅkūramādyam) Mv.6.45.
Derivable forms: aṅkūraḥ (अङ्कूरः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1. A Shoot or sprout. 2. The hair of the body. 3. Blood 4. Water. E. aṅka to stain. and Unadi aff. urac.
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(-raṃ) A sprout, a germin. E. See aṅkura, u being made long.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर).— (from añc, cf. aṅka), m. 1. A shoot, or sprout, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 251. 2. Intumescence.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर).—[masculine] shoot, sprout; poss. rita or ravant.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर):—[from aṅk] m. a sprout, shoot, blade, a swelling, a tumour, [Suśruta]
2) [v.s. ...] a hair, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) [v.s. ...] blood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) [v.s. ...] water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] 2 [Nominal verb] [Parasmaipada] °rati, to shoot, sprout, bud, [Pārv.]
6) Aṅkūra (अङ्कूर):—[from aṅk] m. a sprout, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] See aṅkura.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ) 1) A shoot or sprout.
2) The hair of the body.
4) Water. E. aṅk, uṇ. aff. urac.
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(-raḥ) A sprout, a germin. E. See aṅkura, u being made long.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Aṅkura (अङ्कुर):—(raḥ) 1. m. A sprout; blood.
2) (raḥ) 1. m. A sprout.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Aṅkura (अङ्कुर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṃkura.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Prakrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary
Aṃkura (अंकुर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Aṅkura.
Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a young shoot (emanating from a seed); a sprout.
2) [noun] the hair growing from the skin of a human.
3) [noun] the red fluid circulating in the body supplying oxygen, the blood.
4) [noun] 'water, the compound of hydrogen and oxygen (H2O): 5) a pointed end; a sharp edge.'5) [noun] an unnatural enlargement on the body caused by a blow with anything blunt and heavy; a swell; a bruise.
6) [noun] a morbid swelling in the body; tumour.
7) [noun] (fig.) a beginning of something or something suggestive of a sprout.
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Aṃkūra (ಅಂಕೂರ):—[noun] = ಅಂಕುರ - [amkura -] 1:.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+8): Amkuramga, Amkurarpanamadu, Amkurarpane, Amkurarpanemadu, Amkuratva, Amkuratvakarana, Amkuravade, Amkuraveru, Ankura Vatthu, Ankura-disanem, Ankuraasu, Ankurabhinaya, Ankurabhuta, Ankuraka, Ankurakam, Ankurakara, Ankuram, Ankurana, Ankuranem, Ankurapeta Vatthu.
Ends with (+54): Abhilashankura, Ambankura, Asanamkura, Baghankura, Banankura, Bhagankura, Bijankura, Buddhankura, Cankura, Chankura, Damshtrankura, Damtamkura, Darbhankura, Dharankura, Dipankura, Dipikamkura, Durvankura, Galankura, Garbhamkura, Gudamamsankura.
Full-text (+76): Ankurita, Tvagankura, Ankuraka, Ankuram, Gudankura, Vishankura, Galankura, Pallavankura, Bhagankura, Vamshankura, Kulankura, Dharankura, Kalankura, Ankura Vatthu, Dabha, Sindhaka, Shushkata, Ankuravat, Dabh, Ankurapeta Vatthu.
Search found 25 books and stories containing Ankura, Aṅkura, Āṅkūra, Aṅkūra, Amkura, Aṃkura, Aṃkūra; (plurals include: Ankuras, Aṅkuras, Āṅkūras, Aṅkūras, Amkuras, Aṃkuras, Aṃkūras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 168 - The Greatness of Āṅkūreśvara (āṅkūra-īśvara-tīrtha) < [Section 3 - Revā-khaṇḍa]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Part 5 - Biographies of Ankura Deva and Indaka Deva < [Chapter 24 - The Buddha’s Sixth Vassa at Mount Makula]
(1) First Pāramī: The Perfection of Generosity (dāna-pāramī) < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Part 1 - Teaching the Abhidhamma at Tāvatiṃsa < [Chapter 25 - The Buddha’s Seventh Vassa]
Gati in Theory and Practice (by Dr. Sujatha Mohan)
Nṛtta as a division of Āṅgika-abhinaya < [Chapter 1 - Nāṭya]
Observations based on Nāṭyaśāstra < [Chapter 5 - Conclusion]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 3.9.33 < [Chapter 9 - The Birth of Śrī Girirāja]
Verse 6.3.9 < [Chapter 3 - Lord Balarāma’s Wedding]
Verse 1.16.26 < [Chapter 16 - Description of Śrī Rādhikā’s Wedding]
Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana (by Gaurapada Dāsa)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter III - Pathology of the diseases of the eye-lids < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]