Ankola, Aṅkola, Amkola: 17 definitions


Ankola means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल).—A tīrtha, and its merits.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 191. 118-25.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Chapter Nineteen of the Kakṣapuṭatantra (ayurveda)

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल).—The oil of aṅkola employed for reviving the dead in the Kakṣapuṭatantra is used as an antidote to animal poisons in Āyurveda (Carakasaṃhitā, Sūtrasthāna 27.159; Cikitsāsthāna 23.244) and also for rasarasāyana in Rasaśāstra. (See Ānandakanda, Aṅkolakalpa 1.16.1-13; Rasendracūḍāmani, Aṅkolatailapātanavidhi 14.198-228; Rasārṇava 7.129-131).

Note: aṅkola refers to sage-leaf alangium, Alangium salviifolium.

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Botanical identification of plants described in Mādhava Cikitsā

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल) or Aṅkoṭha refers to the medicinal plant Alangium salvifolium (L.F.) Wang, Syn. Alangium lamarckii Thwaits., and is used in the treatment of atisāra (diarrhoea), according to the 7th century Mādhavacikitsā chapter 2. Atisāra refers to a condition where there are three or more loose or liquid stools (bowel movements) per day or more stool than normal.  The second chapter of the Mādhavacikitsā explains several preparations [including Aṅkola] through 60 Sanskrit verses about treating this problem.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Alangium salvifolium (Linn. f.) Wang.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning aṅkola] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल) refers to an herbal ingredient which is included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The antidote given by Kāśyapa for Darvīkara poison reads thus (Cf. verse VIII.6-7): The root of Aṅkola tree, salt, two palas or measures (roughly 96 grams) of the two types of Bṛhatī, Bṛhatī and Kaṇṭakārī belonging to Vidārādi-gaṇa are called dve bṛhatyau, kaṭutrayam, mustard seeds, kitchen soot, a paste of of all these in equal quantities prepared with water, serves as a life-saving drug.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra. Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Aṅkola tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Ankola in India is the name of a plant defined with Alangium salviifolium in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Grewia salviifolia L.f. (among others).

2) Ankola is also identified with Alstonia venenata It has the synonym Echites venenatus Roxb. ex A. DC. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Supplementum Plantarum (1781)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Das Pflanzenreich (Engler) (1910)
· The Flora of British India (1879)
· Taxon (1981)
· Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health. (2002)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Ankola, for example extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṅkola, (dial. for aṅkura) a species of tree Alangium Hexapetalum J.VI, 535. Cp. next. (Page 6)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṅkōla (अंकोल).—m f S pop. aṅkōḷa f A small tree, Alangium hexapetalum or decapetalum. 2 n The fruit. The oil is used in enchantments.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṅkōla (अंकोल).—m Alangium Lamarku.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल).—[aṅkyate lakṣyate kīlākārakaṇṭaiḥ; aṅk oṭa-ṭha -la] Name of a tree (Mar. pistā), Alangium Hexapetalum; अङ्कोलाश्च कुरण्टाश्च (aṅkolāśca kuraṇṭāśca) Rām.4.1.8. Walnut (Mar. akroḍa); अङ्कोलैर्भव्यतिनिशैः (aṅkolairbhavyatiniśaiḥ) Rām 2.99.8. so अङकोलकः, स्वार्थे कन् (aṅakolakaḥ, svārthe kan); अङ्कोलिका (aṅkolikā).

Derivable forms: aṅkolaḥ (अङ्कोलः).

See also (synonyms): aṅkoṭa, aṅkoṭha.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल).—m.

(-laḥ) A plant. See aṅkoṭa; also aṅkolaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल):—aṅkoṭha, aṅkoṭa, aṅkolla, aṅkolaka m. the plant Alangium Hexapetalum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल):—m.

(-laḥ) A plant. See aṅkoṭa and aṅkoṭha; also aṅkolaka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṅkola (अङ्कोल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Idem.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ankola in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṃkōla (ಅಂಕೋಲ):—

1) [noun] the deciduous tree, Alangium decapetalum of Alangiaceae family, that grows in rocky places, the juice of the root is used as an anthelmintic and the root as an antidote to snake bite.

2) [noun] the tree, Alangium solvifolium of the same family.

3) [noun] the tree, Alangium lamarckii of the same family.

4) [noun] the tree Alangium hexapetalum of the same family.

5) [noun] the creeper Erycibe paniculata (var. Wightiana) of Convulvulaceae; [This name is used for several varieties of plants indiscretely].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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