Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यस् तु उत्पलितं निहन्ति तृष्णां विसृतं सर्पविषं यथौषधेन ।
स तु भिक्षुर् इदं जहात्य् अपारं ह्य् उरगो जीर्णम् इव त्वचं पुराणम् ॥ ६७ ॥

yas tu utpalitaṃ nihanti tṛṣṇāṃ visṛtaṃ sarpaviṣaṃ yathauṣadhena |
sa tu bhikṣur idaṃ jahāty apāraṃ hy urago jīrṇam iva tvacaṃ purāṇam || 67 ||

The English translation of Verse 32.67 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (32.67). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yah, Utpali, Utpalin, Tap, Nihanti, Trishna, Visrit, Visrita, Sarpavisha, Yatha, Aushadha, Bhikshu, Idam, Apara, Uraga, Jirna, Iva, Tvac, Tvaca, Purana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 32.67). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yas tu utpalitaṃ nihanti tṛṣṇāṃ visṛtaṃ sarpaviṣaṃ yathauṣadhena
  • yas -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • utpali -
  • utpalī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    utpalin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    utpalin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tap (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    tap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • nihanti -
  • nihanti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nihanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    nihanti (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • tṛṣṇām -
  • tṛṣṇā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • visṛtam -
  • visṛta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    visṛta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    visṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    visṛt (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • sarpaviṣam -
  • sarpaviṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sarpaviṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yathau -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • auṣadhena -
  • auṣadha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    auṣadha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • Line 2: “sa tu bhikṣur idaṃ jahāty apāraṃ hy urago jīrṇam iva tvacaṃ purāṇam
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • tu -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
  • bhikṣur -
  • bhikṣu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • idam -
  • idam (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse jahāty*ap
  • apāram -
  • apāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    apāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    apārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse hy*ur
  • urago* -
  • uraga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • jīrṇam -
  • jīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
    jṝ -> jīrṇa (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 1 verb], [nominative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 4 verb], [nominative single from √jṝ class 9 verb], [accusative single from √jṝ class 9 verb]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tvacam -
  • tvaca (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    tvacā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tvac (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • purāṇam -
  • purāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    purāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
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