Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

यस्येन्द्रियाणि समतां गतानि अश्वो यथा सारथिना सुदान्तः ।
प्रहीणदोषाय निरास्रवाय देवापि तस्मै स्पृहयन्ति नित्यम् ॥ ३ ॥

yasyendriyāṇi samatāṃ gatāni aśvo yathā sārathinā sudāntaḥ |
prahīṇadoṣāya nirāsravāya devāpi tasmai spṛhayanti nityam || 3 ||

The English translation of Verse 19.3 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

English translation by W. Woodville Rockhill (1892)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (19.3). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yasya, Yah, Yat, Indriya, Indriyani, Samata, Samat, Gata, Ashva, Yatha, Sarathi, Sudanta, Prahinadosha, Nirasrava, Tad, Sprihayat, Sprihayanti, Nityam, Nitya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 19.3). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “yasyendriyāṇi samatāṃ gatāni aśvo yathā sārathinā sudāntaḥ
  • yasye -
  • yasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    yasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    yas -> yasya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √yas]
    yasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ya (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    yas (verb class 4)
    [present passive first single], [imperative active second single]
  • indriyāṇi -
  • indriyāṇi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    indriyāṇi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    indriyāṇi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    indriya (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • samatām -
  • samatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    sam -> samat (participle, masculine)
    [genitive plural from √sam class 1 verb]
    sam -> samat (participle, neuter)
    [genitive plural from √sam class 1 verb]
    sam (verb class 1)
    [imperative active third dual], [imperative middle third single]
  • gatāni -
  • gata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • aśvo* -
  • aśva (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    śū (verb class 1)
    [aorist active second single]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
  • sārathinā -
  • sārathi (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
  • sudāntaḥ -
  • sudānta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line2: “prahīṇadoṣāya nirāsravāya devāpi tasmai spṛhayanti nityam
  • prahīṇadoṣāya -
  • prahīṇadoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prahīṇadoṣa (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • nirāsravāya -
  • nirāsrava (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    nirāsrava (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • devāpi -
  • devāpi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • tasmai -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
  • spṛhayanti -
  • spṛh -> spṛhayat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √spṛh class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √spṛh class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √spṛh class 10 verb]
    spṛh -> spṛhayantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √spṛh class 10 verb]
    spṛh (verb class 10)
    [present active third plural]
  • nityam -
  • nityam (indeclinable)
    nitya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nitya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nityā (noun, feminine)
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