Samata, aka: Samatā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samata means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Samatā (समता, “smoothness”) refers to one of the ten merits (guṇa) of a dramatic play (kāvya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. They are characterised by their sweetness and depth of meaning. (Description): When alaṃkāras and guṇas match and illuminate one another it is called an instance of smoothness (samatā).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

See Samanga 1 above.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Pali

samatā : (f.) equality; evenness; normal state.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Samatā, (fr. sama3) equality, evenness, normal state Vin. I, 183; A. III, 375 sq.; Miln. 351. (Page 682)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Samatā (समता, “equality”) refers to a set of “two equalities”, representing qualities acquired by the Bodhisattvas accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. There are two kinds of equalities (samatā):

  1. equality toward beings (sattvasamatā),
  2. equality toward dharmas (dharmasamatā).
(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

sāmatā (सामता).—m A carpenter's tool, a sort of drill or augre.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāmatā (सामता).—m A sort of augre or carpenter's tool.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 16 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sattvasamata
Sattvasamatā (सत्त्वसमता) refers to “equality toward beings” and represents a type of samatā (e...
Dharmasamata
Dharmasamatā (धर्मसमता) refers to “equality toward dharmas” and represents a type of samatā (eq...
Samatakshanti
Samatākṣānti (समताक्षान्ति) refers to the “patience of equanimity” according to the Mahāprajñāp...
Guna
guṇa (गुण).—m (S) A quality, attribute, affection, or property, whether of matter or mind; a po...
Indriya
Indriya (इन्द्रिय, “sense organs”).—What is meant by the sense organs (indriya)? An instrument ...
Shari
sarī (सरी).—f A wire. A water-channel. Equal- ling. A neck-ornament.
Indriya Sutta
Indriya, (nt.) (Vedic indriya adj. only in meaning “belonging to Indra”; nt. strength, might (...
Samacitta
Samacitta (समचित्त) refers to a “mind of equanimity” or an “evenness of mind” according to the ...
Indriya Jataka
Indriya, (nt.) (Vedic indriya adj. only in meaning “belonging to Indra”; nt. strength, might (...
Samanga
Samaṃgā (समंगा):—One of the sixty-eight Rasauṣadhi, very powerful drugs known to be us...
Samasamana
samasamāna (समसमान).—a Exactly alike; just the same.
Samadhiraja Sutra
The Samādhirāja Sūtra is a Buddhist sutra dating to c. 2nd century CE. The Samādhirāja Sūtra...
Sattvakshanti
Sattvakṣānti (सत्त्वक्षान्ति) refers to “patience towards beings” and represents a type of kṣān...
Adhimatrakshanti
Adhimātrakṣānti (अधिमात्रक्षान्ति) refers to “utmost patience” and represents a quality acquire...
Shabdaguna
śabdaguṇa (शब्दगुण).—m (S) A property, attribute, or quality ascribed to words. Twenty-four pro...

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