Udanavarga [sanskrit]

by W. Woodville Rockhill | 1892 | 13,101 words

The Udanavarga is a collection of Sanskrit verses representing aphorisms attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. The Udanavarga resembles the Pali Dhammapada and Udana, yet it belong the ancient tradition of early Buddhism. Alternative titles: Udānavarga (उदानवर्ग).

अचरित्वा ब्रह्मचर्यम् अलब्ध्वा यौवने धनम् ।
शेन्ति चापाति कीर्णा वा पौराणान्य् अनुचिन्तिताः ॥ ४ ॥

acaritvā brahmacaryam alabdhvā yauvane dhanam |
śenti cāpāti kīrṇā vā paurāṇāny anucintitāḥ || 4 ||

The English translation of Verse 17.4 is contained in the book Udanavarga by W. Woodville Rockhill.

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ritu, Brahmacarya, Yauvana, Dhana, Capa, Ati, Kirna, Anucintita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Verse 17.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “acaritvā brahmacaryam alabdhvā yauvane dhanam
  • aca -
  • ac (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
    añc (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ritvā* -
  • ritu (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • brahmacaryam -
  • brahmacarya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • labdhvā -
  • labh -> labdhvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √labh]
  • yauvane -
  • yauvana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • dhanam -
  • dhana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dhana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “śenti cāpāti kīrṇā paurāṇāny anucintitāḥ
  • Cannot analyse śenti*cā
  • cāpā -
  • cāpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    cāpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ati -
  • ati (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    ati (indeclinable)
  • kīrṇā* -
  • kīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    kīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṝ -> kīrṇa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb]
    kṝ -> kīrṇā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [accusative plural from √kṝ class 5 verb], [nominative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb], [vocative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb], [accusative plural from √kṝ class 9 verb]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • Cannot analyse paurāṇāny*an
  • anucintitāḥ -
  • anucintita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    anucintitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
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