Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.48

ततो निवृत्तः स निवृत्तहर्षः प्रध्यानयुक्तः प्रविवेश सद्म ।
तं द्विस्तथा प्रेक्ष्य च संनिवृत्तं पुर्यागमं भूमिपतिश्चकार ॥ ४८ ॥

tato nivṛttaḥ sa nivṛttaharṣaḥ pradhyānayuktaḥ praviveśa sadma |
taṃ dvistathā prekṣya ca saṃnivṛttaṃ puryāgamaṃ bhūmipatiścakāra || 48 ||

Then having turned back, with all joy departed, he entered his home, absorbed in thought; and having seen him thus return a second time, the king himself entered the city.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Nivritta, Harsha, Pradhyana, Yukta, Pra, Sadman, Dvih, Tatha, Prekshya, Samnivritta, Pur, Puri, Purya, Agama, Bhumipati, Cakara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato nivṛttaḥ sa nivṛttaharṣaḥ pradhyānayuktaḥ praviveśa sadma
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • nivṛttaḥ -
  • nivṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • nivṛtta -
  • nivṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nivṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • harṣaḥ -
  • harṣa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pradhyāna -
  • pradhyāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • yuktaḥ -
  • yukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • viveśa -
  • viś (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    viś (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • sadma -
  • sadman (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    sadman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “taṃ dvistathā prekṣya ca saṃnivṛttaṃ puryāgamaṃ bhūmipatiścakāra
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • dvis -
  • dviḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    dviḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • prekṣya -
  • prekṣya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    prekṣya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • saṃnivṛttam -
  • saṃnivṛtta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṃnivṛtta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    saṃnivṛttā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • puryā -
  • puri (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [instrumental single]
    purī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [instrumental single]
    purya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    purya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pur -> purya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √pur]
    pur (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    puryā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āgamam -
  • āgama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    āgama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    āgamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • bhūmipatiś -
  • bhūmipati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • cakāra -
  • cakāra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    kṝ (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.48

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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