Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.47

निवर्त्यतां सूत वहिःप्रयाणान्नरेन्द्रसद्मैव रथः प्रयातु ।
श्रुत्वा च मे रोगभयं रतिभ्यः प्रत्याहतं सङ्कुचतीव चेतः ॥ ४७ ॥

nivartyatāṃ sūta vahiḥprayāṇānnarendrasadmaiva rathaḥ prayātu |
śrutvā ca me rogabhayaṃ ratibhyaḥ pratyāhataṃ saṅkucatīva cetaḥ || 47 ||

'Let the chariot, O charioteer, be turned back from going outside, let it return straight to the king's palace; having heard this alarm of disease, my mind shrinks into itself, repelled from pleasures.'

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nivartin, Nivartya, Suta, Vahi, Prayana, Are, Ara, Ari, Indra, Sadman, Ratha, Pra, Praya, Asmad, Rogabhaya, Rati, Pratyahata, Catin, Iva, Cetri, Cetas, Ceta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nivartyatāṃ sūta vahiḥprayāṇānnarendrasadmaiva rathaḥ prayātu
  • nivartya -
  • nivartin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    nivartin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    nivartya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nivartya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • atā -
  • at (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • sūta -
  • sūta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sūta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    su -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √su class 1 verb], [vocative single from √su class 2 verb]
    su -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √su class 1 verb], [vocative single from √su class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 6 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
    -> sūta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √ class 2 verb]
  • vahiḥ -
  • vahi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prayāṇānn -
  • pre -> prayāṇa (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √pre class 2 verb]
  • are -
  • are (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    arā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ari (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ari (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    (verb class 5)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single], [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • indra -
  • indra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sadmai -
  • sadman (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    sadman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • rathaḥ -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • prayā -
  • prā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    prayā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ātu -
  • ātu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • Line 2: “śrutvā ca me rogabhayaṃ ratibhyaḥ pratyāhataṃ saṅkucatīva cetaḥ
  • śrutvā -
  • śru -> śrutvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √śru]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • me -
  • ma (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ma (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • rogabhayam -
  • rogabhaya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ratibhyaḥ -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [dative plural], [ablative plural]
  • pratyāhatam -
  • pratyāhata (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pratyāhata (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pratyāhatā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • saṅku -
  • saṅku (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • catī -
  • catin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    catin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • cetaḥ -
  • cetas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    cetṛ (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    ceta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.47

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

Buy now!
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