Buddha-Carita [sanskrit]

by E. B. Cowell | 2003 | 11,474 words | ISBN-10: 8187418788 | ISBN-13: 9788187418788

The Buddha Carita (Saddharma-pundarika) by Asvaghosa a famous Sanskrit text revolving around the live and exploits of the Buddha. The Buddha Carita (Buddhacarita) is written in the style of a Kavya (or Mahakavya, epic poetry) and extant original Sanskrit text consists of roughly 1,000 metrical verses.

Verse 3.22

तस्मिन् कुमारं पथि वीक्षमाणाः स्त्रियो बभुर्गामिव गन्तुकामाः ।
ऊर्ध्वोन्मुखाश्चैनमुदीक्षमाणा नरा बभुर्द्यामिव गन्तुकामाः ॥ २२ ॥

tasmin kumāraṃ pathi vīkṣamāṇāḥ striyo babhurgāmiva gantukāmāḥ |
ūrdhvonmukhāścainamudīkṣamāṇā narā babhurdyāmiva gantukāmāḥ || 22 ||

Gazing down upon the prince in the road. the women appeared as if longing to fall to the earth; gazing up to him with upturned faces, the men seemed as if longing to rise to heaven.

English translation by E. B. Cowell (2003) Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Kumara, Pathin, Pathi, Viksha, Stri, Gamin, Gantukama, Nara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Buddha-carita Verse 3.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmin kumāraṃ pathi vīkṣamāṇāḥ striyo babhurgāmiva gantukāmāḥ
  • tasmin -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • kumāram -
  • kumāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kumāra (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kumārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pathi -
  • pathin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [locative single]
    pathī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    pathī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vīkṣam -
  • vīkṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vīkṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vīkṣā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āṇā -
  • aṇ (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
    aṇ (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active second plural], [perfect active third single]
  • aḥ -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • striyo* -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • babhur -
  • bhā (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • gāmi -
  • gāmin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    gāmin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
    (verb class 2)
    [present active first single]
    gam (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    gam (verb class 2)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    gam (verb class 3)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gantukāmāḥ -
  • gantukāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gantukāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “ ūrdhvonmukhāścainamudīkṣamāṇā narā babhurdyāmiva gantukāmāḥ
  • Cannot analyse *ūrdhvonmukhāścainamudīkṣamāṇā*na
  • narā* -
  • nara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    narā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • babhur -
  • bhā (verb class 2)
    [perfect active third plural]
  • dyāmi -
  • (verb class 4)
    [present active first single]
  • va -
  • va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gantukāmāḥ -
  • gantukāma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    gantukāmā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Buddha-carita Verse 3.22

Cover of edition (2011)

Buddha Carita of Asvaghosa
by Shanti Lal Nagar (2011)

Sanskrit text, English translation, Index of Verse and Photographs of Archaeological Evidence

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Cover of edition (2016)

Asvaghosa’s Buddhacarita or Acts of the Buddha
by E. H. Johnston (2016)

Sanskrit text with English Translation

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