Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 53.1

गति मृगानां पवनं आकाशं पक्षिणां गतिः ।
धर्मो गतिर् विभागीयानां निर्वाणम् अर्हतां गतिर् इति ॥ १ ॥

gati mṛgānāṃ pavanaṃ ākāśaṃ pakṣiṇāṃ gatiḥ |
dharmo gatir vibhāgīyānāṃ nirvāṇam arhatāṃ gatir iti || 1 ||

The way of the wild beasts is the wood, the air that of the birds. Dharma is the way of the Vibhagiyas, and Nirvana that of the arhans. (1)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (53.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Gat, Gati, Mriga, Pavana, Akasha, Pakshin, Dharma, Vibhaj, Nirvana, Arhat, Arhata, Iti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 53.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gati mṛgānāṃ pavanaṃ ākāśaṃ pakṣiṇāṃ gatiḥ
  • gati -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    gatī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    gat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    gat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • mṛgān -
  • mṛga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • ām -
  • ā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • pavanam -
  • pavana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    pavana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    pavanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ākāśam -
  • ākāśa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ākāśa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • pakṣiṇām -
  • pakṣin (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    pakṣin (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
  • gatiḥ -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dharmo gatir vibhāgīyānāṃ nirvāṇam arhatāṃ gatir iti
  • dharmo* -
  • dharma (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • gatir -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vibhāg -
  • vibhāj (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vibhāj (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • īyā -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative middle first single]
  • ānām -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • nirvāṇam -
  • nirvāṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nirvāṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nirvāṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • arhatām -
  • arhat (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    arhat (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    arhatā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    arh (verb class 1)
    [imperative active third dual], [imperative middle third single]
  • gatir -
  • gati (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    gati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
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