Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.126.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तद्धि व॒यं वृ॑णी॒महे॒ वरु॑ण॒ मित्रार्य॑मन् । येना॒ निरंह॑सो यू॒यं पा॒थ ने॒था च॒ मर्त्य॒मति॒ द्विष॑: ॥
तद्धि वयं वृणीमहे वरुण मित्रार्यमन् । येना निरंहसो यूयं पाथ नेथा च मर्त्यमति द्विषः ॥
tad dhi vayaṃ vṛṇīmahe varuṇa mitrāryaman | yenā nir aṃhaso yūyam pātha nethā ca martyam ati dviṣaḥ ||

English translation:

“We implore that (protection) of yours, Varuṇa, Mitra, and Aryaman, whereby you preserve a man fromsin, and lead him beyond (the reach of) his enemies.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kulmalabarhiṣaḥ śailūṣiḥ, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevyaḥ [kulmalabarhiṣa śailūṣi, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): virāḍbṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

तत् । हि । व॒यम् । वृ॒णी॒महे॑ । वरु॑ण । मित्र॑ । अर्य॑मन् । येन॑ । निः । अंह॑सः । यू॒यम् । पा॒थ । ने॒थ । च॒ । मर्त्य॑म् । अति॑ । द्विषः॑ ॥
तत् । हि । वयम् । वृणीमहे । वरुण । मित्र । अर्यमन् । येन । निः । अंहसः । यूयम् । पाथ । नेथ । च । मर्त्यम् । अति । द्विषः ॥
tat | hi | vayam | vṛṇīmahe | varuṇa | mitra | aryaman | yena | niḥ | aṃhasaḥ | yūyam | pātha | netha | ca | martyam | ati | dviṣaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.126.2 English analysis of grammar]

taddhi < tat < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

taddhi < hi


“because; indeed; for; therefore; hi [word].”

vayaṃ < vayam < mad

[noun], nominative, plural

“I; mine.”

vṛṇīmahe < vṛ

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“choose; ask.”


[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”

mitrāryaman < mitra

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

mitrāryaman < aryaman

[noun], vocative, singular, masculine

“Aryaman; aryaman [word]; sun.”

yenā < yena < yad

[noun], instrumental, singular, neuter

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

nir < niḥ


“niḥ; away; out; without.”

aṃhaso < aṃhasaḥ < aṃhas

[noun], ablative, singular, neuter

“trouble; sin.”

yūyam < tvad

[noun], nominative, plural


pātha <

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“protect; govern.”

nethā < netha <

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“bring; lead; spend; decant; enter (a state); remove; take out; take away; enforce; marry; carry; fill into; bring; learn; go out; add.”



“and; besides; then; now; even.”

martyam < martya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“man; people; martya [word]; Earth.”



“very; excessively; beyond; excessively.”

dviṣaḥ < dviṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“hate; dviṣ; hostility; hostility.”

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