Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 10.126.1

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

न तमंहो॒ न दु॑रि॒तं देवा॑सो अष्ट॒ मर्त्य॑म् । स॒जोष॑सो॒ यम॑र्य॒मा मि॒त्रो नय॑न्ति॒ वरु॑णो॒ अति॒ द्विष॑: ॥
न तमंहो न दुरितं देवासो अष्ट मर्त्यम् । सजोषसो यमर्यमा मित्रो नयन्ति वरुणो अति द्विषः ॥
na tam aṃho na duritaṃ devāso aṣṭa martyam | sajoṣaso yam aryamā mitro nayanti varuṇo ati dviṣaḥ ||

English translation:

“Neither sin nor sorrow, O gods, affect the man whom Aryaman, Mitra and Varuṇa, being alike plural asedby him, conduct beyond (the reach of) his enemies.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): kulmalabarhiṣaḥ śailūṣiḥ, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevyaḥ [kulmalabarhiṣa śailūṣi, aṃhobhugvā vāmadevya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): viśvedevā:;
Chandas (meter): nicṛdbṛhatī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

न । तम् । अंहः॑ । न । दुः॒ऽइ॒तम् । देवा॑सः । अष्ट॑ । मर्त्य॑म् । स॒ऽजोष॑सः । यम् । अ॒र्य॒मा । मि॒त्रः । नय॑न्ति । वरु॑णः । अति॑ । द्विषः॑ ॥
न । तम् । अंहः । न । दुःइतम् । देवासः । अष्ट । मर्त्यम् । सजोषसः । यम् । अर्यमा । मित्रः । नयन्ति । वरुणः । अति । द्विषः ॥
na | tam | aṃhaḥ | na | duḥ-itam | devāsaḥ | aṣṭa | martyam | sa-joṣasaḥ | yam | aryamā | mitraḥ | nayanti | varuṇaḥ | ati | dviṣaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 10.126.1 English analysis of grammar]



“not; like; no; na [word].”

tam < tad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“this; he,she,it (pers. pron.); respective(a); that; nominative; then; particular(a); genitive; instrumental; accusative; there; tad [word]; dative; once; same.”

aṃho < aṃhaḥ < aṃhas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“trouble; sin.”



“not; like; no; na [word].”

duritaṃ < duritam < durita

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“danger; sin; difficulty; difficulty; evil.”

devāso < devāsaḥ < deva

[noun], vocative, plural, masculine

“Deva; Hindu deity; king; deity; Indra; deva [word]; God; Jina; Viśvedevās; mercury; natural phenomenon; gambling.”

aṣṭa <

[verb], singular, Aorist inj. (proh.)

“get; reach; enter (a state).”

martyam < martya

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“man; people; martya [word]; Earth.”

sajoṣaso < sajoṣasaḥ < sajoṣas

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“consentaneous; combined; associated; united.”

yam < yad

[noun], accusative, singular, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

aryamā < aryaman

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Aryaman; aryaman [word]; sun.”

mitro < mitraḥ < mitra

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“friend; Mitra; mitra [word]; sun; ally.”

nayanti <

[verb], plural, Present indikative

“bring; lead; spend; decant; enter (a state); remove; take out; take away; enforce; marry; carry; fill into; bring; learn; go out; add.”

varuṇo < varuṇaḥ < varuṇa

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Varuna; varuṇa [word]; Crataeva religiosa Forst.; Varuṇa; varuṇādi.”



“very; excessively; beyond; excessively.”

dviṣaḥ < dviṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“hate; dviṣ; hostility; hostility.”

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