Naishadha-charita [sanskrit]

by K.K. Handiqui | 1965 | 29,064 words

The Sanskrit edition of the Naishadha-charita referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. The Naishadha-charita is one of the mahakavyas (great epic poems) and deals with the famous story Of Nala and Damayanti, as found in the Mahabharata.

Verse 4.19

हृदि विदर्भभुवः प्रहरञ्शरै रतिपतिर्निषधाधिपतेः कृते ।
कृततदन्तरगस्वदृढव्यधः फलदनीरितमूर्च्छदलं खलु ॥ १९ ॥

hṛdi vidarbhabhuvaḥ praharañśarai ratipatirniṣadhādhipateḥ kṛte |
kṛtatadantaragasvadṛḍhavyadhaḥ phaladanīritamūrcchadalaṃ khalu || 19 ||

The English translation of Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.19 is contained in the book Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa (An old and Rare Book) by K.K. Handiqui. This book is available online or you could buy the latest edition:

Read online Buy now! The English translation by K.K. Handiqui (1965)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (4.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Hrid, Vidarbhabhu, Pra, Harat, Ratipati, Nishadhadhipati, Krite, Krit, Krita, Kriti, Tadanta, Dridhavya, Dha, Phalada, Nih, Rit, Rita, Ccha, Dala, Khalu,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “hṛdi vidarbhabhuvaḥ praharañśarai ratipatirniṣadhādhipateḥ kṛte
  • hṛdi -
  • hṛd (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • vidarbhabhuvaḥ -
  • vidarbhabhū (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • pra -
  • pra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • harañś -
  • hṛ -> harat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √hṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √hṛ class 1 verb]
  • śarai -
  • ratipatir -
  • ratipati (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • niṣadhādhipateḥ -
  • niṣadhādhipati (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • kṛte -
  • kṛte (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kṛte (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    kṛt (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    kṛt (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
    kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kṛtā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṛti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛti (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [locative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛtā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 1 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 2 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 5 verb], [nominative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb], [vocative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb], [accusative dual from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [present middle third single]
  • Line 2: “kṛtatadantaragasvadṛḍhavyadhaḥ phaladanīritamūrcchadalaṃ khalu
  • kṛta -
  • kṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ -> kṛta (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṛ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 2 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṛ class 8 verb]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second plural], [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [injunctive middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [injunctive middle third single]
  • tadanta -
  • tadanta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tadanta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ragasva -
  • rag (verb class 1)
    [imperative middle second single]
  • dṛḍhavya -
  • dṛḍhavya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    dṛḍhavya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dhaḥ -
  • dha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    dhā (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural], [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • phalada -
  • phalada (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    phalada (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • nīr -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [accusative plural]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [vocative single]
  • ritam -
  • ritā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rit (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ūr -
  • ccha -
  • ccha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ccha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dalam -
  • dala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • khalu -
  • khalu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    khalu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    khalu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Naishadha-charita [Sanskrit] Verse 4.19

Cover of edition (1989)

Philosophical Reflections in the Naisadhacarita
by Harekrishna Meher (1989)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2016)

The Naisadhiyacarita and Literary Community in South Asia
by Deven M. Patel (2016)

English (Hardcover)

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Cover of edition (2013)

Naishadhiya Charitam of Mahakavi Shri Harsha
by Dr. Devarshi Sanadhya Shastri (2013)

Sanskrit Text with Hindi Translation; Set of 2 Volumes ; Krishnadas Sanskrit Series 52; Includes Jivatu Commentary of Mallinath and Candrika Hindi Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2015)

Nala and Damayanti
by B.N. Goswamy (2015)

A Great Series of Paintings of An Old Indian Romance; Foreword by Karan Sing.

Buy now!
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