Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 6.54.22

ततो रथसहस्रेषु विद्रवत्सु ततस्ततः ।
तावास्थितावेकरथं सौभद्रशिनिपुंगवौ ।
सौबलीं समरे सेनां शातयेतां समन्ततः ॥ २२ ॥

tato rathasahasreṣu vidravatsu tatastataḥ |
tāvāsthitāvekarathaṃ saubhadraśinipuṃgavau |
saubalīṃ samare senāṃ śātayetāṃ samantataḥ || 22 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...prowess repeatedly felled in battle large bands of the Kalingas. And elephants deprived by Pandu’s son, in that battle, of their riders, and afflicted with arrows wandered...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (6.54.22). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Ratha, Sahasra, Vidravat, Asthita, Ekaratha, Saubhadra, Shi, Pungava, Saubali, Samara, Sena, Samantatah, Samantatas,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 6.54.22). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tato rathasahasreṣu vidravatsu tatastataḥ
  • tato* -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • ratha -
  • ratha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sahasreṣu -
  • sahasra (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    sahasra (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • vidravatsu -
  • vidravat (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    vidravat (noun, feminine)
    [locative plural]
    vidravat (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tataḥ -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • Line 2: “tāvāsthitāvekarathaṃ saubhadraśinipuṃgavau
  • tāvā -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • āsthitāve -
  • āsthita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ekaratham -
  • ekaratha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
  • saubhadra -
  • saubhadra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    saubhadra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śini -
  • śini (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    śī (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • puṅgavau -
  • puṅgava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 3: “saubalīṃ samare senāṃ śātayetāṃ samantataḥ
  • saubalīm -
  • saubalī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • samare -
  • samara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • senām -
  • senā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • śātayetām -
  • śad (verb class 0)
    [optative active third dual], [imperative middle third dual]
  • samantataḥ -
  • samantataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    samantatas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 6.54.22

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.54.22 in Kannada sript:
ತತೋ ರಥಸಹಸ್ರೇಷು ವಿದ್ರವತ್ಸು ತತಸ್ತತಃ ।
ತಾವಾಸ್ಥಿತಾವೇಕರಥಂ ಸೌಭದ್ರಶಿನಿಪುಂಗವೌ ।
ಸೌಬಲೀಂ ಸಮರೇ ಸೇನಾಂ ಶಾತಯೇತಾಂ ಸಮನ್ತತಃ ॥ ೨೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 6.54.22 in Bengali sript:
ততো রথসহস্রেষু বিদ্রবত্সু ততস্ততঃ ।
তাবাস্থিতাবেকরথং সৌভদ্রশিনিপুংগবৌ ।
সৌবলীং সমরে সেনাং শাতযেতাং সমন্ততঃ ॥ ২২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.54.22 in Gujarati sript:
તતો રથસહસ્રેષુ વિદ્રવત્સુ તતસ્તતઃ ।
તાવાસ્થિતાવેકરથં સૌભદ્રશિનિપુંગવૌ ।
સૌબલીં સમરે સેનાં શાતયેતાં સમન્તતઃ ॥ ૨૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.54.22 in Malayalam sript:
തതോ രഥസഹസ്രേഷു വിദ്രവത്സു തതസ്തതഃ ।
താവാസ്ഥിതാവേകരഥം സൌഭദ്രശിനിപുംഗവൌ ।
സൌബലീം സമരേ സേനാം ശാതയേതാം സമന്തതഃ ॥ ൨൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 6.54.22 in Telugu sript:
తతో రథసహస్రేషు విద్రవత్సు తతస్తతః ।
తావాస్థితావేకరథం సౌభద్రశినిపుంగవౌ ।
సౌబలీం సమరే సేనాం శాతయేతాం సమన్తతః ॥ ౨౨ ॥

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