Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

saṃjaya uvāca |
tataste pārthivāḥ kruddhāḥ phalgunaṃ vīkṣya saṃyuge |
rathairanekasāhasraiḥ samantātparyavārayan || 1 ||
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athainaṃ rathavṛndena koṣṭakīkṛtya bhārata |
śaraiḥ subahusāhasraiḥ samantādabhyavārayan || 2 ||
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śaktīśca vimalāstīkṣṇā gadāśca parighaiḥ saha |
prāsānparaśvadhāṃścaiva mudgarānmusalānapi |
cikṣipuḥ samare kruddhāḥ phalgunasya rathaṃ prati || 3 ||
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śastrāṇāmatha tāṃ vṛṣṭiṃ śalabhānāmivāyatim |
rurodha sarvataḥ pārthaḥ śaraiḥ kanakabhūṣaṇaiḥ || 4 ||
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tatra tallāghavaṃ dṛṣṭvā bībhatsoratimānuṣam |
devadānavagandharvāḥ piśācoragarākṣasāḥ |
sādhu sādhviti rājendra phalgunaṃ pratyapūjayan || 5 ||
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sātyakiṃ cābhimanyuṃ ca mahatyā senayā saha |
gāndhārāḥ samare śūrā rurudhuḥ sahasaubalāḥ || 6 ||
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tatra saubalakāḥ kruddhā vārṣṇeyasya rathottamam |
tilaśaścicchiduḥ krodhācchastrairnānāvidhairyudhi || 7 ||
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sātyakistu rathaṃ tyaktvā vartamāne mahābhaye |
abhimanyo rathaṃ tūrṇamāruroha paraṃtapaḥ || 8 ||
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tāvekarathasaṃyuktau saubaleyasya vāhinīm |
vyadhametāṃ śitaistūrṇaṃ śaraiḥ saṃnataparvabhiḥ || 9 ||
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droṇabhīṣmau raṇe yattau dharmarājasya vāhinīm |
nāśayetāṃ śaraistīkṣṇaiḥ kaṅkapatraparicchadaiḥ || 10 ||
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tato dharmasuto rājā mādrīputrau ca pāṇḍavau |
miṣatāṃ sarvasainyānāṃ droṇānīkamupādravan || 11 ||
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tatrāsītsumahadyuddhaṃ tumulaṃ lomaharṣaṇam |
yathā devāsuraṃ yuddhaṃ pūrvamāsītsudāruṇam || 12 ||
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kurvāṇau tu mahatkarma bhīmasenaghaṭotkacau |
duryodhanastato'bhyetya tāvubhāvabhyavārayat || 13 ||
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tatrādbhutamapaśyāma haiḍimbasya parākramam |
atītya pitaraṃ yuddhe yadayudhyata bhārata || 14 ||
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bhīmasenastu saṃkruddho duryodhanamamarṣaṇam |
hṛdyavidhyatpṛṣatkena prahasanniva pāṇḍavaḥ || 15 ||
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tato duryodhano rājā prahāravaramohitaḥ |
niṣasāda rathopasthe kaśmalaṃ ca jagāma ha || 16 ||
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taṃ visaṃjñamatho jñātvā tvaramāṇo'sya sārathiḥ |
apovāha raṇādrājaṃstataḥ sainyamabhidyata || 17 ||
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tatastāṃ kauravīṃ senāṃ dravamāṇāṃ samantataḥ |
nighnanbhīmaḥ śaraistīkṣṇairanuvavrāja pṛṣṭhataḥ || 18 ||
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pārṣataśca rathaśreṣṭho dharmaputraśca pāṇḍavaḥ |
droṇasya paśyataḥ sainyaṃ gāṅgeyasya ca paśyataḥ |
jaghnaturviśikhaistīkṣṇaiḥ parānīkaviśātanaiḥ || 19 ||
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dravamāṇaṃ tu tatsainyaṃ tava putrasya saṃyuge |
nāśaknutāṃ vārayituṃ bhīṣmadroṇau mahārathau || 20 ||
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vāryamāṇaṃ hi bhīṣmeṇa droṇena ca viśāṃ pate |
vidravatyeva tatsainyaṃ paśyatordroṇabhīṣmayoḥ || 21 ||
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tato rathasahasreṣu vidravatsu tatastataḥ |
tāvāsthitāvekarathaṃ saubhadraśinipuṃgavau |
saubalīṃ samare senāṃ śātayetāṃ samantataḥ || 22 ||
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śuśubhāte tadā tau tu śaineyakurupuṃgavau |
amāvāsyāṃ gatau yadvatsomasūryau nabhastale || 23 ||
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arjunastu tataḥ kruddhastava sainyaṃ viśāṃ pate |
vavarṣa śaravarṣeṇa dhārābhiriva toyadaḥ || 24 ||
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vadhyamānaṃ tatastattu śaraiḥ pārthasya saṃyuge |
dudrāva kauravaṃ sainyaṃ viṣādabhayakampitam || 25 ||
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dravatastānsamālokya bhīṣmadroṇau mahārathau |
nyavārayetāṃ saṃrabdhau duryodhanahitaiṣiṇau || 26 ||
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tato duryodhano rājā samāśvasya viśāṃ pate |
nyavartayata tatsainyaṃ dravamāṇaṃ samantataḥ || 27 ||
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yatra yatra sutaṃ tubhyaṃ yo yaḥ paśyati bhārata |
tatra tatra nyavartanta kṣatriyāṇāṃ mahārathāḥ || 28 ||
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tānnivṛttānsamīkṣyaiva tato'nye'pītare janāḥ |
anyonyaspardhayā rājaṃllajjayānye'vatasthire || 29 ||
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punarāvartatāṃ teṣāṃ vega āsīdviśāṃ pate |
pūryataḥ sāgarasyeva candrasyodayanaṃ prati || 30 ||
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saṃnivṛttāṃstatastāṃstu dṛṣṭvā rājā suyodhanaḥ |
abravīttvarito gatvā bhīṣmaṃ śāṃtanavaṃ vacaḥ || 31 ||
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pitāmaha nibodhedaṃ yattvā vakṣyāmi bhārata |
nānurūpamahaṃ manye tvayi jīvati kaurava || 32 ||
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droṇe cāstravidāṃ śreṣṭhe saputre sasuhṛjjane |
kṛpe caiva maheṣvāse dravatīyaṃ varūthinī || 33 ||
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na pāṇḍavāḥ pratibalāstava rājankathaṃcana |
tathā droṇasya saṃgrāme drauṇeścaiva kṛpasya ca || 34 ||
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anugrāhyāḥ pāṇḍusutā nūnaṃ tava pitāmaha |
yathemāṃ kṣamase vīra vadhyamānāṃ varūthinīm || 35 ||
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so'smi vācyastvayā rājanpūrvameva samāgame |
na yotsye pāṇḍavānsaṃkhye nāpi pārṣatasātyakī || 36 ||
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śrutvā tu vacanaṃ tubhyamācāryasya kṛpasya ca |
karṇena sahitaḥ kṛtyaṃ cintayānastadaiva hi || 37 ||
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yadi nāhaṃ parityājyo yuvābhyāmiha saṃyuge |
vikrameṇānurūpeṇa yudhyetāṃ puruṣarṣabhau || 38 ||
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etacchrutvā vaco bhīṣmaḥ prahasanvai muhurmuhuḥ |
abravīttanayaṃ tubhyaṃ krodhādudvṛtya cakṣuṣī || 39 ||
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bahuśo hi mayā rājaṃstathyamuktaṃ hitaṃ vacaḥ |
ajeyāḥ pāṇḍavā yuddhe devairapi savāsavaiḥ || 40 ||
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yattu śakyaṃ mayā kartuṃ vṛddhenādya nṛpottama |
kariṣyāmi yathāśakti prekṣedānīṃ sabāndhavaḥ || 41 ||
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adya pāṇḍusutānsarvānsasainyānsaha bandhubhiḥ |
miṣato vārayiṣyāmi sarvalokasya paśyataḥ || 42 ||
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evamukte tu bhīṣmeṇa putrāstava janeśvara |
dadhmuḥ śaṅkhānmudā yuktā bherīśca jaghnire bhṛśam || 43 ||
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pāṇḍavāpi tato rājañśrutvā taṃ ninadaṃ mahat |
dadhmuḥ śaṅkhāṃśca bherīśca murajāṃśca vyanādayan || 44 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 54

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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