Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.261.43

दूषणं च खरं चैव निहत्य सुमहाबलौ ।
चक्रे क्षेमं पुनर्धीमान्धर्मारण्यं स राघवः ॥ ४३ ॥

dūṣaṇaṃ ca kharaṃ caiva nihatya sumahābalau |
cakre kṣemaṃ punardhīmāndharmāraṇyaṃ sa rāghavaḥ || 43 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...contented to give what that Brahmana of infinite power had asked. And while measuring with his paces the space he sought. Hari assumed a wonderful and extraordinary form. And with only...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.261.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Dushana, Kharam, Khara, Nihatya, Sumahabala, Cakra, Cakri, Kshema, Punar, Dhimat, Dharmaranya, Raghava,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.261.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dūṣaṇaṃ ca kharaṃ caiva nihatya sumahābalau
  • dūṣaṇam -
  • dūṣaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    dūṣaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    dūṣaṇā (noun, feminine)
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kharam -
  • kharam (indeclinable)
    khara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    khara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kharā (noun, feminine)
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • nihatya -
  • nihatya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nihatya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sumahābalau -
  • sumahābala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • Line 2: “cakre kṣemaṃ punardhīmāndharmāraṇyaṃ sa rāghavaḥ
  • cakre -
  • cakra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    cakra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    cakrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    cakri (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    cakri (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    kṛ (verb class 1)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 2)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 5)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 8)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 3)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
    kṛ (verb class 6)
    [perfect middle first single], [perfect middle third single]
  • kṣemam -
  • kṣema (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    kṣema (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    kṣemā (noun, feminine)
  • punar -
  • punar (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    punar (indeclinable)
  • dhīmān -
  • dhīmat (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmāraṇyam -
  • dharmāraṇya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rāghavaḥ -
  • rāghava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.261.43

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.261.43 in Kannada sript:
ದೂಷಣಂ ಚ ಖರಂ ಚೈವ ನಿಹತ್ಯ ಸುಮಹಾಬಲೌ ।
ಚಕ್ರೇ ಕ್ಷೇಮಂ ಪುನರ್ಧೀಮಾನ್ಧರ್ಮಾರಣ್ಯಂ ಸ ರಾಘವಃ ॥ ೪೩ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.261.43 in Bengali sript:
দূষণং চ খরং চৈব নিহত্য সুমহাবলৌ ।
চক্রে ক্ষেমং পুনর্ধীমান্ধর্মারণ্যং স রাঘবঃ ॥ ৪৩ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.261.43 in Gujarati sript:
દૂષણં ચ ખરં ચૈવ નિહત્ય સુમહાબલૌ ।
ચક્રે ક્ષેમં પુનર્ધીમાન્ધર્મારણ્યં સ રાઘવઃ ॥ ૪૩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.261.43 in Malayalam sript:
ദൂഷണം ച ഖരം ചൈവ നിഹത്യ സുമഹാബലൌ ।
ചക്രേ ക്ഷേമം പുനര്ധീമാന്ധര്മാരണ്യം സ രാഘവഃ ॥ ൪൩ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.261.43 in Telugu sript:
దూషణం చ ఖరం చైవ నిహత్య సుమహాబలౌ ।
చక్రే క్షేమం పునర్ధీమాన్ధర్మారణ్యం స రాఘవః ॥ ౪౩ ॥

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