Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
uktaṃ bhagavatā janma rāmādīnāṃ pṛthakpṛthak |
prasthānakāraṇaṃ brahmañśrotumicchāmi kathyatām || 1 ||
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kathaṃ dāśarathī vīrau bhrātarau rāmalakṣmaṇau |
prasthāpitau vanaṃ brahma maithilī ca yaśasvinī || 2 ||
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mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
jātaputro daśarathaḥ prītimānabhavannṛpaḥ |
kriyāratirdharmaparaḥ satataṃ vṛddhasevitā || 3 ||
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krameṇa cāsya te putrā vyavardhanta mahaujasaḥ |
vedeṣu sarahasyeṣu dhanurvede ca pāragāḥ || 4 ||
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caritabrahmacaryāste kṛtadārāśca pārthiva |
yadā tadā daśarathaḥ prītimānabhavatsukhī || 5 ||
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jyeṣṭho rāmo'bhavatteṣāṃ ramayāmāsa hi prajāḥ |
manoharatayā dhīmānpiturhṛdayatoṣaṇaḥ || 6 ||
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tataḥ sa rājā matimānmatvātmānaṃ vayo'dhikam |
mantrayāmāsa sacivairdharmajñaiśca purohitaiḥ || 7 ||
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abhiṣekāya rāmasya yauvarājyena bhārata |
prāptakālaṃ ca te sarve menire mantrisattamāḥ || 8 ||
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lohitākṣaṃ mahābāhuṃ mattamātaṅgagāminam |
dīrghabāhuṃ mahoraskaṃ nīlakuñcitamūrdhajam || 9 ||
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dīpyamānaṃ śriyā vīraṃ śakrādanavamaṃ bale |
pāragaṃ sarvadharmāṇāṃ bṛhaspatisamaṃ matau || 10 ||
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sarvānuraktaprakṛtiṃ sarvavidyāviśāradam |
jitendriyamamitrāṇāmapi dṛṣṭimanoharam || 11 ||
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niyantāramasādhūnāṃ goptāraṃ dharmacāriṇām |
dhṛtimantamanādhṛṣyaṃ jetāramaparājitam || 12 ||
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putraṃ rājā daśarathaḥ kausalyānandavardhanam |
saṃdṛśya paramāṃ prītimagacchatkurunandana || 13 ||
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cintayaṃśca mahātejā guṇānrāmasya vīryavān |
abhyabhāṣata bhadraṃ te prīyamāṇaḥ purohitam || 14 ||
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adya puṣyo niśi brahmanpuṇyaṃ yogamupaiṣyati |
saṃbhārāḥ saṃbhriyantāṃ me rāmaścopanimantryatām || 15 ||
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iti tadrājavacanaṃ pratiśrutyātha mantharā |
kaikeyīmabhigamyedaṃ kāle vacanamabravīt || 16 ||
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adya kaikeyi daurbhāgyaṃ rājñā te khyāpitaṃ mahat |
āśīviṣastvāṃ saṃkruddhaścaṇḍo daśati durbhage || 17 ||
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subhagā khalu kausalyā yasyāḥ putro'bhiṣekṣyate |
kuto hi tava saubhāgyaṃ yasyāḥ putro na rājyabhāk || 18 ||
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sā tadvacanamājñāya sarvābharaṇabhūṣitā |
vedīvilagnamadhyeva bibhratī rūpamuttamam || 19 ||
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vivikte patimāsādya hasantīva śucismitā |
praṇayaṃ vyañjayantīva madhuraṃ vākyamabravīt || 20 ||
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satyapratijña yanme tvaṃ kāmamekaṃ nisṛṣṭavān |
upākuruṣva tadrājaṃstasmānmucyasva saṃkaṭāt || 21 ||
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rājovāca |
varaṃ dadāni te hanta tadgṛhāṇa yadicchasi |
avadhyo vadhyatāṃ ko'dya vadhyaḥ ko'dya vimucyatām || 22 ||
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dhanaṃ dadāni kasyādya hriyatāṃ kasya vā punaḥ |
brāhmaṇasvādihānyatra yatkiṃcidvittamasti me || 23 ||
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mārkaṇḍeya uvāca |
sā tadvacanamājñāya parigṛhya narādhipam |
ātmano balamājñāya tata enamuvāca ha || 24 ||
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ābhiṣecanikaṃ yatte rāmārthamupakalpitam |
bharatastadavāpnotu vanaṃ gacchatu rāghavaḥ || 25 ||
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sa tadrājā vacaḥ śrutvā vipriyaṃ dāruṇodayam |
duḥkhārto bharataśreṣṭha na kiṃcidvyājahāra ha || 26 ||
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tatastathoktaṃ pitaraṃ rāmo vijñāya vīryavān |
vanaṃ pratasthe dharmātmā rājā satyo bhavatviti || 27 ||
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tamanvagacchallakṣmīvāndhanuṣmāṃllakṣmaṇastadā |
sītā ca bhāryā bhadraṃ te vaidehī janakātmajā || 28 ||
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tato vanaṃ gate rāme rājā daśarathastadā |
samayujyata dehasya kālaparyāyadharmaṇā || 29 ||
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rāmaṃ tu gatamājñāya rājānaṃ ca tathāgatam |
ānāyya bharataṃ devī kaikeyī vākyamabravīt || 30 ||
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gato daśarathaḥ svargaṃ vanasthau rāmalakṣmaṇau |
gṛhāṇa rājyaṃ vipulaṃ kṣemaṃ nihatakaṇṭakam || 31 ||
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tāmuvāca sa dharmātmā nṛśaṃsaṃ bata te kṛtam |
patiṃ hatvā kulaṃ cedamutsādya dhanalubdhayā || 32 ||
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ayaśaḥ pātayitvā me mūrdhni tvaṃ kulapāṃsane |
sakāmā bhava me mātarityuktvā praruroda ha || 33 ||
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sa cāritraṃ viśodhyātha sarvaprakṛtisaṃnidhau |
anvayādbhrātaraṃ rāmaṃ vinivartanalālasaḥ || 34 ||
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kausalyāṃ ca sumitrāṃ ca kaikeyīṃ ca suduḥkhitaḥ |
agre prasthāpya yānaiḥ sa śatrughnasahito yayau || 35 ||
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vasiṣṭhavāmadevābhyāṃ vipraiścānyaiḥ sahasraśaḥ |
paurajānapadaiḥ sārdhaṃ rāmānayanakāṅkṣayā || 36 ||
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dadarśa citrakūṭasthaṃ sa rāmaṃ sahalakṣmaṇam |
tāpasānāmalaṃkāraṃ dhārayantaṃ dhanurdharam || 37 ||
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visarjitaḥ sa rāmeṇa piturvacanakāriṇā |
nandigrāme'karodrājyaṃ puraskṛtyāsya pāduke || 38 ||
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rāmastu punarāśaṅkya paurajānapadāgamam |
praviveśa mahāraṇyaṃ śarabhaṅgāśramaṃ prati || 39 ||
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satkṛtya śarabhaṅgaṃ sa daṇḍakāraṇyamāśritaḥ |
nadīṃ godāvarīṃ ramyāmāśritya nyavasattadā || 40 ||
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vasatastasya rāmasya tataḥ śūrpaṇakhākṛtam |
khareṇāsīnmahadvairaṃ janasthānanivāsinā || 41 ||
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rakṣārthaṃ tāpasānāṃ ca rāghavo dharmavatsalaḥ |
caturdaśa sahasrāṇi jaghāna bhuvi rakṣasām || 42 ||
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dūṣaṇaṃ ca kharaṃ caiva nihatya sumahābalau |
cakre kṣemaṃ punardhīmāndharmāraṇyaṃ sa rāghavaḥ || 43 ||
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hateṣu teṣu rakṣaḥsu tataḥ śūrpaṇakhā punaḥ |
yayau nikṛttanāsoṣṭhī laṅkāṃ bhrāturniveśanam || 44 ||
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tato rāvaṇamabhyetya rākṣasī duḥkhamūrchitā |
papāta pādayorbhrātuḥ saṃśuṣkarudhirānanā || 45 ||
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tāṃ tathā vikṛtāṃ dṛṣṭvā rāvaṇaḥ krodhamūrchitaḥ |
utpapātāsanātkruddho dantairdantānupaspṛśan || 46 ||
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svānamātyānvisṛjyātha vivikte tāmuvāca saḥ |
kenāsyevaṃ kṛtā bhadre māmacintyāvamanya ca || 47 ||
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kaḥ śūlaṃ tīkṣṇamāsādya sarvagātrairniṣevate |
kaḥ śirasyagnimādāya viśvastaḥ svapate sukham || 48 ||
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āśīviṣaṃ ghorataraṃ pādena spṛśatīha kaḥ |
siṃhaṃ kesariṇaṃ kaśca daṃṣṭrāsu spṛśya tiṣṭhati || 49 ||
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ityevaṃ bruvatastasya srotobhyastejaso'rciṣaḥ |
niścerurdahyato rātrau vṛkṣasyeva svarandhrataḥ || 50 ||
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tasya tatsarvamācakhyau bhaginī rāmavikramam |
kharadūṣaṇasaṃyuktaṃ rākṣasānāṃ parābhavam || 51 ||
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sa niścitya tataḥ kṛtyaṃ svasāramupasāntvya ca |
ūrdhvamācakrame rājā vidhāya nagare vidhim || 52 ||
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trikūṭaṃ samatikramya kālaparvatameva ca |
dadarśa makarāvāsaṃ gambhīrodaṃ mahodadhim || 53 ||
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tamatītyātha gokarṇamabhyagacchaddaśānanaḥ |
dayitaṃ sthānamavyagraṃ śūlapāṇermahātmanaḥ || 54 ||
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tatrābhyagacchanmārīcaṃ pūrvāmātyaṃ daśānanaḥ |
purā rāmabhayādeva tāpasyaṃ samupāśritam || 55 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 261

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!
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