Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.261.42

रक्षार्थं तापसानां च राघवो धर्मवत्सलः ।
चतुर्दश सहस्राणि जघान भुवि रक्षसाम् ॥ ४२ ॥

rakṣārthaṃ tāpasānāṃ ca rāghavo dharmavatsalaḥ |
caturdaśa sahasrāṇi jaghāna bhuvi rakṣasām || 42 ||

Note! The following is not a translation of the above verse, but merely an arbitrary extract of the English text.

...from me!' Thus addressed by Vali, the dwarf-god replied with a smile, saying, ' So be it! Do you, lord of the Danavas, give me three paces of ground!' And Vali contented...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.261.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Rakshartha, Tapasa, Raghava, Dharmavatsala, Caturdasha, Caturdashan, Sahasra, Bhu, Rakshas, Rakshasa,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.261.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “rakṣārthaṃ tāpasānāṃ ca rāghavo dharmavatsalaḥ
  • rakṣārtham -
  • rakṣārtha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rakṣārtha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tāpasānām -
  • tāpasa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    tāpasa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    tāpasā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rāghavo* -
  • rāghava (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • dharmavatsalaḥ -
  • dharmavatsala (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “caturdaśa sahasrāṇi jaghāna bhuvi rakṣasām
  • caturdaśa -
  • caturdaśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caturdaśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    caturdaśan (noun, masculine)
    caturdaśan (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • sahasrāṇi -
  • sahasra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • jaghāna -
  • han (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    han (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • bhuvi -
  • bhū (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • rakṣasām -
  • rakṣas (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    rakṣas (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    rakṣasā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]

Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.261.42

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.261.42 in Kannada sript:
ರಕ್ಷಾರ್ಥಂ ತಾಪಸಾನಾಂ ಚ ರಾಘವೋ ಧರ್ಮವತ್ಸಲಃ ।
ಚತುರ್ದಶ ಸಹಸ್ರಾಣಿ ಜಘಾನ ಭುವಿ ರಕ್ಷಸಾಮ್ ॥ ೪೨ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.261.42 in Bengali sript:
রক্ষার্থং তাপসানাং চ রাঘবো ধর্মবত্সলঃ ।
চতুর্দশ সহস্রাণি জঘান ভুবি রক্ষসাম্ ॥ ৪২ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.261.42 in Gujarati sript:
રક્ષાર્થં તાપસાનાં ચ રાઘવો ધર્મવત્સલઃ ।
ચતુર્દશ સહસ્રાણિ જઘાન ભુવિ રક્ષસામ્ ॥ ૪૨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.261.42 in Malayalam sript:
രക്ഷാര്ഥം താപസാനാം ച രാഘവോ ധര്മവത്സലഃ ।
ചതുര്ദശ സഹസ്രാണി ജഘാന ഭുവി രക്ഷസാമ് ॥ ൪൨ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)


Buy now!

Preview of verse 3.261.42 in Telugu sript:
రక్షార్థం తాపసానాం చ రాఘవో ధర్మవత్సలః ।
చతుర్దశ సహస్రాణి జఘాన భువి రక్షసామ్ ॥ ౪౨ ॥

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