Dharmaranya, Dharmāraṇya, Dharma-aranya: 12 definitions


Dharmaranya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dharmaranya in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—A Brahmin. He had many children. The major portion of his life was spent in hard work to support his large family. After that he went in search of means to attain heaven. In his quest, he happened to reach the realm of Nāgas (serpents). He entered the house of a Nāga named Padmanābha. When he reached the house Padmanābha had been away carrying the chariot of the Sun. Dharmāraṇya sat outside the house and spent a few days in vow and meditation. Then Padmanābha returned. The Brāhmaṇa asked Padmanābha about the ways of attaining heaven. The Nāga replied that there was none superior to the Sun. The Brahmin accepted penance and lived in the hermitage of Cyavana for a few days. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, 4 Chapters from 361).

2) Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—A forest which is a holy place. It is mentioned in Mahābhārata, Vana Parva Chapter 82 Stanza 46, that the moment one enters this forest one would become sinless. This place was once the capital of the King named Asūtarajasa. (See under Kuśa I).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—In Gayā,1 here Dharma performed sacrifice.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 83. 23.
  • 2) Ib. 111. 23.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Dharmaranya in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य) is the name of a holy wood near Gayaśiras, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 93. Accordingly, “... and there [at Gayaśiras] he duly performed a śrāddha, in which he bestowed many gifts on Brāhmans, and then he entered the Holy Wood (Dharmāraṇya). And while he was offering the sacrificial cake to his father in the well of Gayā there rose out of it three human hands to take the cake”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Dharmāraṇya, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Dharmaranya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य) [=Dharmaraṇi?] refers to a country belonging to “Madhyadeśa (central division)” classified under the constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Kṛttikā, Rohiṇī and Mṛgaśīrṣa represent the Madhyadeśa or central division consisting of the countries of [i.e., Dharmāraṇya] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharmaranya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—a sacred or penance grove, a wood inhabited by ascetics; धर्मारण्यं प्रविशति गजः (dharmāraṇyaṃ praviśati gajaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.32.

Derivable forms: dharmāraṇyam (धर्मारण्यम्).

Dharmāraṇya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and araṇya (अरण्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—n. 1. a grove where ascetics live, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 14, 1. 2. The name of a forest, Mahābhārata 13, 7655.

Dharmāraṇya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms dharma and araṇya (अरण्य).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य).—[neuter] a sacred grove; [Name] of a wood & a town.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[dharma] B. 3, 96.
—from the Padmapurāṇa. Bühler 339.

2) Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य):—read Bu7hler 539.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य):—[from dharma > dhara] n. ‘grove of religion’, sacred g° or wood, [Śakuntalā]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a sacred forest in Madhya-deśa, [Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] of a town founded by Amūrta-rajas, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of [work]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmāraṇya (धर्मारण्य):—[dharmā+raṇya] (ṇyaṃ) 1. n. The wood of virtue.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dharmaranya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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