Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.210.18

बृहदुक्थतपस्यैव पुत्रो भूमिमुपाश्रितः ।
अग्निहोत्रे हूयमाने पृथिव्यां सद्भिरिज्यते ॥ १८ ॥

bṛhadukthatapasyaiva putro bhūmimupāśritaḥ |
agnihotre hūyamāne pṛthivyāṃ sadbhirijyate || 18 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...adorable Angiras transforming himself into the fire-god,{GL_NOTE:28449:} destroyed darkness and distressed the world with his scorching rays. In olden times, O long-armed hero,...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.210.18). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Brihaduktha, Tapa, Tapasya, Tapas, Putra, Bhumi, Upashrita, Agnihotri, Agnihotra, Huyamana, Prithivi, Sat, Sad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.210.18). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “bṛhadukthatapasyaiva putro bhūmimupāśritaḥ
  • bṛhaduktha -
  • bṛhaduktha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bṛhaduktha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tapasyai -
  • tapasya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tapasya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tapa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive single]
    tapa (noun, neuter)
    [genitive single]
    tapasyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    tapas (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    tap (verb class 1)
    [present active second single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • putro* -
  • putra (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • bhūmim -
  • bhūmi (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    bhūmi (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • upāśritaḥ -
  • upāśrita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “agnihotre hūyamāne pṛthivyāṃ sadbhirijyate
  • agnihotre -
  • agnihotṛ (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    agnihotra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    agnihotra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    agnihotrā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • hūyamāne -
  • hu -> hūyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √hu class 3 verb]
    hu -> hūyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √hu class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √hu class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √hu class 3 verb], [locative single from √hu class 3 verb]
    hu -> hūyamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √hu class 3 verb], [vocative single from √hu class 3 verb], [vocative dual from √hu class 3 verb], [accusative dual from √hu class 3 verb]
    -> hūyamāna (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> hūyamāna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb], [locative single from √ class 1 verb]
    -> hūyamānā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative dual from √ class 1 verb], [vocative single from √ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √ class 1 verb]
  • pṛthivyām -
  • pṛthivi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    pṛthivī (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • sadbhir -
  • sat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    sad (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • ijyate -
  • yaj (verb class 1)
    [present passive third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.210.18

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.210.18 in Kannada sript:
ಬೃಹದುಕ್ಥತಪಸ್ಯೈವ ಪುತ್ರೋ ಭೂಮಿಮುಪಾಶ್ರಿತಃ ।
ಅಗ್ನಿಹೋತ್ರೇ ಹೂಯಮಾನೇ ಪೃಥಿವ್ಯಾಂ ಸದ್ಭಿರಿಜ್ಯತೇ ॥ ೧೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.210.18 in Bengali sript:
বৃহদুক্থতপস্যৈব পুত্রো ভূমিমুপাশ্রিতঃ ।
অগ্নিহোত্রে হূযমানে পৃথিব্যাং সদ্ভিরিজ্যতে ॥ ১৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.210.18 in Gujarati sript:
બૃહદુક્થતપસ્યૈવ પુત્રો ભૂમિમુપાશ્રિતઃ ।
અગ્નિહોત્રે હૂયમાને પૃથિવ્યાં સદ્ભિરિજ્યતે ॥ ૧૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.210.18 in Malayalam sript:
ബൃഹദുക്ഥതപസ്യൈവ പുത്രോ ഭൂമിമുപാശ്രിതഃ ।
അഗ്നിഹോത്രേ ഹൂയമാനേ പൃഥിവ്യാം സദ്ഭിരിജ്യതേ ॥ ൧൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.210.18 in Telugu sript:
బృహదుక్థతపస్యైవ పుత్రో భూమిముపాశ్రితః ।
అగ్నిహోత్రే హూయమానే పృథివ్యాం సద్భిరిజ్యతే ॥ ౧౮ ॥

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