Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.158.40

चक्षुषी नाम विद्येयं यां सोमाय ददौ मनुः ।
ददौ स विश्वावसवे मह्यं विश्वावसुर्ददौ ॥ ४० ॥

cakṣuṣī nāma vidyeyaṃ yāṃ somāya dadau manuḥ |
dadau sa viśvāvasave mahyaṃ viśvāvasurdadau || 40 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...commanded Drupada’s queen, saying, 'Come hither, O queen, O daughter-in-law of Prishata! A son and a daughter have arrived for you!' Hearing this, the queen said, 'O Brahmana...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.158.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Cakshus, Cakshushi, Naman, Vidya, Iyam, Idam, Soma, Dad, Dada, Dadi, Manu, Manus, Vishvavasu, Mahya, Asmad,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.158.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “cakṣuṣī nāma vidyeyaṃ yāṃ somāya dadau manuḥ
  • cakṣuṣī -
  • cakṣus (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    kṣai -> cakṣuṣī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṣai class 1 verb]
  • nāma -
  • nāman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • vidye -
  • vidya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vid -> vidya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vid]
    vid -> vidya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vid]
    vid -> vidya (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √vid]
    vidyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vid (verb class 2)
    [present passive first single]
    vid (verb class 6)
    [present passive first single]
    vid (verb class 7)
    [present passive first single]
  • iyam -
  • iyam (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    idam (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • yām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • somāya -
  • soma (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    soma (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • dadau -
  • dad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dadi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dadi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    de (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • manuḥ -
  • manus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    manu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    manu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dadau sa viśvāvasave mahyaṃ viśvāvasurdadau
  • dadau -
  • dad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dadi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dadi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    de (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • viśvāvasave -
  • viśvāvasu (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    viśvāvasu (noun, feminine)
    [dative single]
  • mahyam -
  • mahya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    mahya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    mahyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    mah -> mahya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √mah]
    mah -> mahya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √mah]
    mah -> mahyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √mah]
    mah -> mahya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √mah class 10 verb], [accusative single from √mah]
    mah -> mahya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √mah class 10 verb], [accusative single from √mah class 10 verb], [nominative single from √mah], [accusative single from √mah]
    asmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single]
  • viśvāvasur -
  • viśvāvasu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    viśvāvasu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • dadau -
  • dad (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    dadi (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dadi (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    (verb class 4)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    dai (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    de (verb class 1)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.158.40

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.158.40 in Kannada sript:
ಚಕ್ಷುಷೀ ನಾಮ ವಿದ್ಯೇಯಂ ಯಾಂ ಸೋಮಾಯ ದದೌ ಮನುಃ ।
ದದೌ ಸ ವಿಶ್ವಾವಸವೇ ಮಹ್ಯಂ ವಿಶ್ವಾವಸುರ್ದದೌ ॥ ೪೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.158.40 in Bengali sript:
চক্ষুষী নাম বিদ্যেযং যাং সোমায দদৌ মনুঃ ।
দদৌ স বিশ্বাবসবে মহ্যং বিশ্বাবসুর্দদৌ ॥ ৪০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.158.40 in Gujarati sript:
ચક્ષુષી નામ વિદ્યેયં યાં સોમાય દદૌ મનુઃ ।
દદૌ સ વિશ્વાવસવે મહ્યં વિશ્વાવસુર્દદૌ ॥ ૪૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.158.40 in Malayalam sript:
ചക്ഷുഷീ നാമ വിദ്യേയം യാം സോമായ ദദൌ മനുഃ ।
ദദൌ സ വിശ്വാവസവേ മഹ്യം വിശ്വാവസുര്ദദൌ ॥ ൪൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.158.40 in Telugu sript:
చక్షుషీ నామ విద్యేయం యాం సోమాయ దదౌ మనుః ।
దదౌ స విశ్వావసవే మహ్యం విశ్వావసుర్దదౌ ॥ ౪౦ ॥

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: