Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 1.57.48

श्येनपादपरिभ्रष्टं तद्वीर्यमथ वासवम् ।
जग्राह तरसोपेत्य साद्रिका मत्स्यरूपिणी ॥ ४८ ॥

śyenapādaparibhraṣṭaṃ tadvīryamatha vāsavam |
jagrāha tarasopetya sādrikā matsyarūpiṇī || 48 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...owing to contact with fishermen, was for some time of the fishy smell. Wishing to serve her (foster) father she plied a boat on the waters of the Yamuna. "While engaged in this vocation...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.57.48). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Shyena, Padapa, Bhrashta, Tad, Tat, Virya, Atha, Vasava, Tarasa, Taras, Upetya, Sat, Matsin, Matsya, Arupini, Arupin,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 1.57.48). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “śyenapādaparibhraṣṭaṃ tadvīryamatha vāsavam
  • śyena -
  • śyena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śyena (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pādapa -
  • pādapa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • bhraṣṭam -
  • bhraṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhraṣṭa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhraṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • tad -
  • tad (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • vīryam -
  • vīrya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vīryā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
    vīr -> vīrya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √vīr class 10 verb], [accusative single from √vīr class 10 verb]
  • atha -
  • atha (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • vāsavam -
  • vāsava (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vāsava (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    vāsavā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “jagrāha tarasopetya sādrikā matsyarūpiṇī
  • jagrāha -
  • grah (verb class 9)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • taraso -
  • tarasā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tarasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    taras (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    taras (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tarasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • upetya -
  • upetya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    upetya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sād -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    sāt (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rai (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • kā* -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • matsya -
  • matsin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single]
    matsin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    matsya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • arūpiṇī -
  • arūpiṇī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    arūpin (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 1.57.48

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 1.57.48 in Kannada sript:
ಶ್ಯೇನಪಾದಪರಿಭ್ರಷ್ಟಂ ತದ್ವೀರ್ಯಮಥ ವಾಸವಮ್ ।
ಜಗ್ರಾಹ ತರಸೋಪೇತ್ಯ ಸಾದ್ರಿಕಾ ಮತ್ಸ್ಯರೂಪಿಣೀ ॥ ೪೮ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 1.57.48 in Bengali sript:
শ্যেনপাদপরিভ্রষ্টং তদ্বীর্যমথ বাসবম্ ।
জগ্রাহ তরসোপেত্য সাদ্রিকা মত্স্যরূপিণী ॥ ৪৮ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 1.57.48 in Gujarati sript:
શ્યેનપાદપરિભ્રષ્ટં તદ્વીર્યમથ વાસવમ્ ।
જગ્રાહ તરસોપેત્ય સાદ્રિકા મત્સ્યરૂપિણી ॥ ૪૮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 1.57.48 in Malayalam sript:
ശ്യേനപാദപരിഭ്രഷ്ടം തദ്വീര്യമഥ വാസവമ് ।
ജഗ്രാഹ തരസോപേത്യ സാദ്രികാ മത്സ്യരൂപിണീ ॥ ൪൮ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 1.57.48 in Telugu sript:
శ్యేనపాదపరిభ్రష్టం తద్వీర్యమథ వాసవమ్ ।
జగ్రాహ తరసోపేత్య సాద్రికా మత్స్యరూపిణీ ॥ ౪౮ ॥

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