Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.10

ततस्तमुपवर्तन्ते गुणा राजसतामसाः ।
सात्त्विको वा यथायोगमानन्तर्यफलोदयः ॥ १० ॥

tatastamupavartante guṇā rājasatāmasāḥ |
sāttviko vā yathāyogamānantaryaphalodayaḥ || 10 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...indications of wicked conduct and the reversal of their former nature, I shall not, O chief of the gods, dwell among them any longer. I have, therefore, come to you of my own accord. Receive me with respect...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.10). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tatah, Tad, Tata, Upava, Ritam, Yushmad, Guna, Rajasa, Tamasa, Sattvika, Var, Yathayogam, Anantarya, Phalodaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.10). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tatastamupavartante guṇā rājasatāmasāḥ
  • tatas -
  • tataḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tataḥ (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    tata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    tan -> tata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √tan class 8 verb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [ablative dual], [ablative plural]
  • tam -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • upavar -
  • upavā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ṛtan -
  • ṛtam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • guṇā* -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • rājasa -
  • rājasa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    rājasa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tāmasāḥ -
  • tāmasa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • Line 2: “sāttviko yathāyogamānantaryaphalodayaḥ
  • sāttviko* -
  • sāttvika (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • vā* -
  • vār (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    vār (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • yathāyogam -
  • yathāyogam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • ānantarya -
  • ānantarya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • phalodayaḥ -
  • phalodaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.10

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.10 in Kannada sript:
ತತಸ್ತಮುಪವರ್ತನ್ತೇ ಗುಣಾ ರಾಜಸತಾಮಸಾಃ ।
ಸಾತ್ತ್ವಿಕೋ ವಾ ಯಥಾಯೋಗಮಾನನ್ತರ್ಯಫಲೋದಯಃ ॥ ೧೦ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.10 in Bengali sript:
ততস্তমুপবর্তন্তে গুণা রাজসতামসাঃ ।
সাত্ত্বিকো বা যথাযোগমানন্তর্যফলোদযঃ ॥ ১০ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.10 in Gujarati sript:
તતસ્તમુપવર્તન્તે ગુણા રાજસતામસાઃ ।
સાત્ત્વિકો વા યથાયોગમાનન્તર્યફલોદયઃ ॥ ૧૦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.10 in Malayalam sript:
തതസ്തമുപവര്തന്തേ ഗുണാ രാജസതാമസാഃ ।
സാത്ത്വികോ വാ യഥായോഗമാനന്തര്യഫലോദയഃ ॥ ൧൦ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.10 in Telugu sript:
తతస్తముపవర్తన్తే గుణా రాజసతామసాః ।
సాత్త్వికో వా యథాయోగమానన్తర్యఫలోదయః ॥ ౧౦ ॥

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