Anantarya, Ānantarya, Anāntarya: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Anantarya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Anāntarya (अनान्तर्य).—Absence of proximity, absence of cognateness; cf. इह तर्हि खट्वर्श्यो मालर्श्य इति दीर्घवचनादकारो न, अना-न्तर्यादेकारौकारौ न । (iha tarhi khaṭvarśyo mālarśya iti dīrghavacanādakāro na, anā-ntaryādekāraukārau na |) M. Bh. on Śiva Sūtras 3-4.

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1) Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य).—Close proximity; absence of any intermediary element generally of the same nature: अनन्तरस्य भावः आनन्तर्यम् (anantarasya bhāvaḥ ānantaryam); cf. नाजानन्तर्ये वहिष्ट्वप्रक्लृप्तिः (nājānantarye vahiṣṭvapraklṛptiḥ) M. Bh. I.4.2. Vārt. 21: Par. Śek. Pari. 51. This close proximity of one letter or syllable or so, with another, is actually i.e.phonetically required and generally so found out also, but sometimes such proximity is theoretically not existing as the letter required for proximity is technically not present there by the rule पूर्वत्रासिद्धम् (pūrvatrāsiddham). In such cases, a technical absence is not looked upon as a fault. cf. कचिच्च संनिपातकृतमानन्तर्ये शास्त्रकृतमनानन्तर्ये यथा ष्टुत्वे, क्वचिच्च नैव संनिपातकृतं नापि शास्त्रकृतं यथा जश्त्वे । यत्र कुतश्चिदेवानन्तर्यं तदाश्रयिष्यामः (kacicca saṃnipātakṛtamānantarye śāstrakṛtamanānantarye yathā ṣṭutve, kvacicca naiva saṃnipātakṛtaṃ nāpi śāstrakṛtaṃ yathā jaśtve | yatra kutaścidevānantaryaṃ tadāśrayiṣyāmaḥ) M. Bh. on VIII.3.13.

2) Ānantarya.—Close connection by mention together at a common place etc.;cf. सर्वाद्यानन्तर्यं कार्यार्थम् (sarvādyānantaryaṃ kāryārtham) M. Bh. on I.1.27.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Anantarya in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य) means “immediate (damnation)”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 21).—Accordingly, “[...] Finally, the immoral person is always fearful, like a sick man who constantly fears the approach of death, or a person guilty of the five sins leading to immediate (ānantarya) damnation and who always says he is the enemy of the Buddha. He hides himself and lies like a brigand fearful of being taken. Years, months and days pass; he never finds any safety. Although the immoral man may get honors and benefits, his happiness is impure: it is as though madmen had dressed and adorned a corpse, and wise people, who know it, do not want to look at it. These are the many innumerable punishments of immorality; all of them could not be enumerated. The ascetic will therefore carefully observe the precepts”.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Anantarya (अनन्तर्य) refers to the “intermediate cause”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[Characteristics of behavior of all beings] [...] The behaviour’s essence, essential character (lakṣaṇa), [...] the essential character of the entrance into the fixed course of the Buddhas, the essential character of distant cause, the essential character of intermediate cause (anantarya), and the essential character of immediate cause—he knows all the essential characters of behavior truly as they are, and there is no fault at all in his understanding”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Anantarya in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य) or Pañcānantarya refers to “five (things) having immediate consequence” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 60):

  1. Matricide (mātṛvadha,),
  2. Patricide (pitṛvadha),
  3. Killing an arhat (arhadvadha),
  4. With corrupt mind causing a Realised One’s blood to flow (rudhirotpāda),
  5. And causing schism in the Saṅgha (saṅghabheda).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ānantarya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

2) Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य) refers to the “concentration giving immediate result” and represents one of the “four concentrations” (samādhi) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 101).

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ānantarya.—(CII 1), quickness. Note: ānantarya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anantarya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ānantarya (आनंतर्य).—n S Continuousness; uninterruptedness (whether of time or of space).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ānantarya (आनंतर्य).—n Continuousness (of time or of space).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Anantarya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य).—[anantara-ṣyañ P.IV.1.14.]

1) Immediate succession; आनन्तर्यं चारभते (ānantaryaṃ cārabhate) Ram.5.133.17.

2) Immediate proximity, absence of interval (of time or space); आनन्तर्याद्विधास्यामि संप्रधार्य बलाबलम् (ānantaryādvidhāsyāmi saṃpradhārya balābalam) Rām.4.8.42.

Derivable forms: ānantaryam (आनन्तर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य).—adj. and subst. nt. (in Sanskrit as subst. nt., unmittelbare Folge, [Boehtlingk and Roth], or unmittelbares Darauf,… Nachher, [Boehtlingk]; compare °rīya, anantariya, and next, also upānantarīya); as subst. nt., not limited to evil con- notation and much as in Sanskrit, Gaṇḍavyūha 250.25 bodhicitto- (1st ed. °catto-; corr. 2d ed.)-tpādapraśaṃsāparaṃparā- nantaryāṇi, enlightenment-thought-production-laudation-se- ries-immediacies, and a long series of terms ending likewise in °paraṃparānantaryāṇi, actions or events succeeding one another immediately, ending in 251.18—20 bodhisattva- susūkṣmajñānapraveśaparaṃparānantaryāṇi, tāny asyāḥ sarvaromavivarebhyo nirmāṇakāyameghān niścaritvā sattvebhyo dharmaṃ deśayamānān (read °mānāny?) apaśyat; Gaṇḍavyūha 522.13 upapatty-ānantarya-citte (but here perhaps as adj.) the mental state which immediately precedes rebirth (see upapatti); perhaps in same sense Mahāvyutpatti 1206 ānantarya-mārgaḥ, of the 8-fold noble path as characterized by immediate succession (of its stages, one after another) or causing immediate results, as below; the latter surely in Śikṣāsamuccaya 17.20 pañcemāni…ānantaryāṇi yair ānantaryaiḥ samanvāgatā bodhisattvāḥ kṣipram anuttarā (read °rāṃ) samyaksaṃbodhim abhisaṃbudhyate (read °yante?); here Bendall and Rouse 19 translate continuities, but better procedures bringing immediate, speedy (desirable) results (note kṣipram; the five are listed in what follows); see also ānantaryasamādhi; otherwise the word has been noted only as adj. with karman, or subst. nt. without karman; (evil) action bringing immediate retribution, deadly sin (= Pali ānatariya or °rika, with or sc. kamma, see Childers s.v. pañcānantariyakammaṃ); there are five [Page096-a+ 71] such, viz. killing of mother, father, or an arhant, causing dissension in the order of monks, and deliberately causing a Tathāgata's blood to flow (same list in Pali): pañcān- antaryāṇi Mahāvyutpatti 2323 (Kyoto ed. °tarīyāṇi but Mironov °taryāṇi; list of 5 given 2324—28); Dharmasaṃgraha 60 (with list); Mahāvastu i.243.18 °ryāṇi kṛtāni (listed and described in the following, down to) 244.17 etāni pañcānantaryāṇi karmāṇi kṛtvā mahānarakeṣūpapanno; Śikṣāsamuccaya 257.11, 12 and Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 138.2, 3, 8 (without karmāṇi); (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 57.2 pañcānantarya- kariṇasyāpi, even of a doer of…; Śikṣāsamuccaya 60.5 (after a list of the five crimes) ebhiḥ pañcabhir ānantaryaiḥ karmabhir …; two or three of the list mentioned, Divyāvadāna 260.5—8 yadā tasya trīṇy ānantaryāṇi paripūrṇāni…pāpa eṣa pitṛghā- tako 'rhadghātako mātṛghātakaś ca, trīṇy anenānantar- yāṇi narakakarmasaṃvartanīyāni karmāṇi kṛtāny upaci- tāni; Divyāvadāna 567.27 dve tvayā ānantarye karmaṇī kṛte (killing of father and of an arhant bhikṣu); others, Gaṇḍavyūha 228.21—22 °rya-karma-kāriṇāṃ…sattvānāṃ; Bodhisattvabhūmi 166.8 °ryam karma kṛtvā; Sukhāvatīvyūha 15.4 °rya-kāriṇaḥ…sattvān.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य) or Ānantaryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Proximity, absence of interval. 2. Immediate consequence or succession. E. anantara and yaña aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य).—i. e. an-antara + ya, n. Absence of an interval, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 28. Instr. yeṇa, Instantly, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 23, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य).—[neuter] absence of interval, immediate consequence or succession.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य):—n. ([from] an-antara, [Pāṇini 5-1, 124]), immediate sequence or succession, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āpastamba-dharma-sūtra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

2) proximity, absence of interval, [Mahābhārata etc.]

3) an unpardonable sin (said by Buddhists to be five, viz. ‘matricide’, ‘parricide’, ‘killing an Arhat’, ‘shedding the blood of a Buddha’, ‘causing divisions among the brotherhood’), [Dharmasaṃgraha 60]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य):—(ryyaṃ) 1. n. Proximity.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ānantarya (आनन्तर्य) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Āṇaṃtariya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anantarya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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