Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.209.9

गुणानामपि यद्यत्तत्कर्म जानात्युपस्थितम् ।
तत्तच्छंसन्ति भूतानि मनो यद्भावितं यथा ॥ ९ ॥

guṇānāmapi yadyattatkarma jānātyupasthitam |
tattacchaṃsanti bhūtāni mano yadbhāvitaṃ yathā || 9 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...themselves to eating forbidden food. They have transgressed all bounds and restraints. They have become divested of that splendour which had distinguished them before. In consequence of these and other indications...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.209.9). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Guna, Api, Yat, Yad, Tat, Tad, Karman, Upasthita, Shamsat, Shamsanti, Bhuta, Bhutani, Mana, Manas, Bhavita, Yatha,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.209.9). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “guṇānāmapi yadyattatkarma jānātyupasthitam
  • guṇānām -
  • guṇa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    guṇā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • yat -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • karma -
  • karman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • jānātyu -
  • jñā (verb class 9)
    [present active third single]
  • upasthitam -
  • upasthita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    upasthita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    upasthitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Line 2: “tattacchaṃsanti bhūtāni mano yadbhāvitaṃ yathā
  • tat -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • tacch -
  • tat (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • śaṃsanti -
  • śaṃsantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    śaṃsantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    śaṃsantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    śaṃs -> śaṃsat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √śaṃs class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √śaṃs class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √śaṃs class 1 verb]
    śaṃs -> śaṃsantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √śaṃs class 1 verb]
    śaṃsat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    śaṃs (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • bhūtāni -
  • bhūtāni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūtāni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    bhūtāni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    bhūta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • mano* -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • yad -
  • yat (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yat (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
    yad (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    yat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    i -> yat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √i class 2 verb], [vocative single from √i class 2 verb], [accusative single from √i class 2 verb]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • bhāvitam -
  • bhāvita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bhāvita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    bhāvitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhū -> bhāvita (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvita (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvitā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvita (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √bhū]
    bhū -> bhāvita (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √bhū], [accusative single from √bhū]
  • yathā -
  • yathā (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    yathā (indeclinable relative)
    [indeclinable relative]
    yathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.209.9

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.209.9 in Kannada sript:
ಗುಣಾನಾಮಪಿ ಯದ್ಯತ್ತತ್ಕರ್ಮ ಜಾನಾತ್ಯುಪಸ್ಥಿತಮ್ ।
ತತ್ತಚ್ಛಂಸನ್ತಿ ಭೂತಾನಿ ಮನೋ ಯದ್ಭಾವಿತಂ ಯಥಾ ॥ ೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.209.9 in Bengali sript:
গুণানামপি যদ্যত্তত্কর্ম জানাত্যুপস্থিতম্ ।
তত্তচ্ছংসন্তি ভূতানি মনো যদ্ভাবিতং যথা ॥ ৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.209.9 in Gujarati sript:
ગુણાનામપિ યદ્યત્તત્કર્મ જાનાત્યુપસ્થિતમ્ ।
તત્તચ્છંસન્તિ ભૂતાનિ મનો યદ્ભાવિતં યથા ॥ ૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.209.9 in Malayalam sript:
ഗുണാനാമപി യദ്യത്തത്കര്മ ജാനാത്യുപസ്ഥിതമ് ।
തത്തച്ഛംസന്തി ഭൂതാനി മനോ യദ്ഭാവിതം യഥാ ॥ ൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.209.9 in Telugu sript:
గుణానామపి యద్యత్తత్కర్మ జానాత్యుపస్థితమ్ ।
తత్తచ్ఛంసన్తి భూతాని మనో యద్భావితం యథా ॥ ౯ ॥

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