Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.153.1

युधिष्ठिर उवाच ।
अनर्थानामधिष्ठानमुक्तो लोभः पितामह ।
अज्ञानमपि वै तात श्रोतुमिच्छामि तत्त्वतः ॥ १ ॥

yudhiṣṭhira uvāca |
anarthānāmadhiṣṭhānamukto lobhaḥ pitāmaha |
ajñānamapi vai tāta śrotumicchāmi tattvataḥ || 1 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...should, aided by one’s intelligence, apply proper medicine for the cure of those painful afflictions. Without Renunciation one can never attain to happiness. Without Renunciation one can never obtain what is...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.153.1). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Yudhishthira, Anartha, Adhishthana, Ukta, Lobha, Pitamaha, Ajnana, Api, Tata, Shrotu, Tattvatah, Tattvata,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.153.1). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “yudhiṣṭhira uvāca
  • yudhiṣṭhira* -
  • yudhiṣṭhira (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • uvāca -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
    vac (verb class 3)
    [perfect active first single], [perfect active third single]
  • Line 2: “anarthānāmadhiṣṭhānamukto lobhaḥ pitāmaha
  • anarthānām -
  • anartha (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    anartha (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    anarthā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • adhiṣṭhānam -
  • adhiṣṭhāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • ukto* -
  • ukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    vac -> ukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vac class 2 verb], [nominative single from √vac class 3 verb]
  • lobhaḥ -
  • lobha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • pitāmaha -
  • pitāmaha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 3: “ajñānamapi vai tāta śrotumicchāmi tattvataḥ
  • ajñānam -
  • ajñāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajñāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajñānā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • api -
  • api (indeclinable preposition)
    [indeclinable preposition]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    api (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • vai -
  • (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single], [imperative middle first single]
  • tāta -
  • tāta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śrotum -
  • śru -> śrotum (infinitive)
    [infinitive from √śru]
    śrotu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchāmi -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active first single]
  • tattvataḥ -
  • tattvataḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tattvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.153.1

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.153.1 in Kannada sript:
ಯುಧಿಷ್ಠಿರ ಉವಾಚ ।
ಅನರ್ಥಾನಾಮಧಿಷ್ಠಾನಮುಕ್ತೋ ಲೋಭಃ ಪಿತಾಮಹ ।
ಅಜ್ಞಾನಮಪಿ ವೈ ತಾತ ಶ್ರೋತುಮಿಚ್ಛಾಮಿ ತತ್ತ್ವತಃ ॥ ೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.153.1 in Bengali sript:
যুধিষ্ঠির উবাচ ।
অনর্থানামধিষ্ঠানমুক্তো লোভঃ পিতামহ ।
অজ্ঞানমপি বৈ তাত শ্রোতুমিচ্ছামি তত্ত্বতঃ ॥ ১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.153.1 in Gujarati sript:
યુધિષ્ઠિર ઉવાચ ।
અનર્થાનામધિષ્ઠાનમુક્તો લોભઃ પિતામહ ।
અજ્ઞાનમપિ વૈ તાત શ્રોતુમિચ્છામિ તત્ત્વતઃ ॥ ૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.153.1 in Malayalam sript:
യുധിഷ്ഠിര ഉവാച ।
അനര്ഥാനാമധിഷ്ഠാനമുക്തോ ലോഭഃ പിതാമഹ ।
അജ്ഞാനമപി വൈ താത ശ്രോതുമിച്ഛാമി തത്ത്വതഃ ॥ ൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.153.1 in Telugu sript:
యుధిష్ఠిర ఉవాచ ।
అనర్థానామధిష్ఠానముక్తో లోభః పితామహ ।
అజ్ఞానమపి వై తాత శ్రోతుమిచ్ఛామి తత్త్వతః ॥ ౧ ॥

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