Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.139.11

तस्मिंस्त्वभ्यागते काले प्रजानां दोषकारके ।
विज्ञानबलमास्थाय जीवितव्यं तदा भवेत् ॥ ११ ॥

tasmiṃstvabhyāgate kāle prajānāṃ doṣakārake |
vijñānabalamāsthāya jīvitavyaṃ tadā bhavet || 11 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...have got their shares of felicity, are always the results of penance. Without doubt, through penance the very status of godhead may be acquired.'" "Yudhishthira said, 'Brahmanas and Rishis and Pitris and the...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.139.11). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tva, Abhyagata, Kale, Kala, Praja, Prajana, Doshaka, Araka, Vijnana, Bala, Asthaya, Jivitavya, Tada,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.139.11). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tasmiṃstvabhyāgate kāle prajānāṃ doṣakārake
  • tasmiṃs -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • tva -
  • tu (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    tva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • abhyāgate -
  • abhyāgata (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    abhyāgata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    abhyāgatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • kāle -
  • kāle (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    kāla (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    kāla (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    kālā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prajānām -
  • praja (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    praja (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    prajā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
    prajānā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • doṣakā -
  • doṣaka (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    doṣaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • arake -
  • araka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • Line 2: “vijñānabalamāsthāya jīvitavyaṃ tadā bhavet
  • vijñāna -
  • vijñāna (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • balam -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    balā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • āsthāya -
  • āsthāya (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • jīvitavyam -
  • jīvitavya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jīv -> jīvitavya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
    jīv -> jīvitavya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √jīv class 1 verb], [accusative single from √jīv class 1 verb]
  • tadā* -
  • tadā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    tada (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • bhavet -
  • bhū (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.139.11

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.139.11 in Kannada sript:
ತಸ್ಮಿಂಸ್ತ್ವಭ್ಯಾಗತೇ ಕಾಲೇ ಪ್ರಜಾನಾಂ ದೋಷಕಾರಕೇ ।
ವಿಜ್ಞಾನಬಲಮಾಸ್ಥಾಯ ಜೀವಿತವ್ಯಂ ತದಾ ಭವೇತ್ ॥ ೧೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.139.11 in Bengali sript:
তস্মিংস্ত্বভ্যাগতে কালে প্রজানাং দোষকারকে ।
বিজ্ঞানবলমাস্থায জীবিতব্যং তদা ভবেত্ ॥ ১১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.139.11 in Gujarati sript:
તસ્મિંસ્ત્વભ્યાગતે કાલે પ્રજાનાં દોષકારકે ।
વિજ્ઞાનબલમાસ્થાય જીવિતવ્યં તદા ભવેત્ ॥ ૧૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.139.11 in Malayalam sript:
തസ്മിംസ്ത്വഭ്യാഗതേ കാലേ പ്രജാനാം ദോഷകാരകേ ।
വിജ്ഞാനബലമാസ്ഥായ ജീവിതവ്യം തദാ ഭവേത് ॥ ൧൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 12.139.11 in Telugu sript:
తస్మింస్త్వభ్యాగతే కాలే ప్రజానాం దోషకారకే ।
విజ్ఞానబలమాస్థాయ జీవితవ్యం తదా భవేత్ ॥ ౧౧ ॥

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