Araka, Ārakā: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Araka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The Bodhisatta, born as a brahmin teacher. His story is told in the Araka Jataka. He is referred to also in the Dhammaddhaja Jataka (J.ii.195), where the Bodhisatta relates how, as Araka, he had developed thoughts of loving kindness and practised the brahmavihara for seven years and then was born in the Brahma world.

His name appears again in the Anguttara Nikaya (A.iv.136-8) in a list of teachers, and we are told that among Arakas pupils those who followed his teachings were born in the Brahma world, while the others were born in various purgatories. In the Anguttara context no special mention is made of his having taught the brahma viharas.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ārakā : (ind.) away from; far off.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ārakā, (adv.) (Sk. ārāt & ārakāt, Abl. form. fr. *āraka, see ārā2) far off, far from, away from, also used as prep. c. Abl. and as adj. pl. keeping away from, removed, far Vin. II, 239 = A. IV, 202 (saṅghamhā); D. I, 99, 102 (adj.) 167; M. I, 280 (adj.) S. II, 99; IV, 43 sq. ; A. I, 281; It. 91; J. I, 272; III, 525; V, 451; Miln. 243; VvA. 72, 73 (adj. + viratā). (Page 106)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Araka (अरक).—A spoke of a wheel. न नाभिभङ्गे ह्यरका वहन्ति (na nābhibhaṅge hyarakā vahanti) Pt.

Derivable forms: arakaḥ (अरकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Araka (अरक).—m.

(-kaḥ) An aquatic plant, (Vallisneria.) See śaibāla. E. ara what goes, and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Araka (अरक):—[from ara] m. the spoke of a wheel, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] the Jaina division of time called ara, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.], the plant Blyxa Octandra

3) [v.s. ...] another plant, Gardenia Enneandra.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Araka (अरक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. An aquatic plant.

[Sanskrit to German]

Araka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Araka (अरक) [Also spelled arak]:—(nm) see [arka].

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Araka (ಅರಕ):—

1) [noun] the process of first heating a mixture to separate the more volatile from the less volatile parts, and then cooling and condensing the resulting vapour so as to produce a more nearly pure or refined substance; distillation.

2) [noun] a product of distillation; the liquid obtained by distilling, esp. any strong alcoholic drink distilled from rice, molasses or coconut milk.

3) [noun] the essence of anything.

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Araka (ಅರಕ):—[noun] the act or process of being digested .

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Araka (ಅರಕ):—[noun] the act or process of washing rice in water before being cooked.

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Āraka (ಆರಕ):—[noun] (masc.) one who protects, saves; a protector.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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