699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944
The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).
एतैरेव गुणैर्युक्तो राजा शास्त्रविशारदः ।
एष्टव्यो धर्मपरमः प्रजापालनतत्परः ॥ १६ ॥
etaireva guṇairyukto rājā śāstraviśāradaḥ |
eṣṭavyo dharmaparamaḥ prajāpālanatatparaḥ || 16 ||
Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.
...treasury have strength? How can a weak man have kingdom? Whence again can one without a kingdom obtain prosperity? For a person of high rank, adversity is like death. For this reason the king should always increase...English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!
Glossary of Sanskrit terms
Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.118.16). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.
Eta, Etad, Esha, Eva, Guna, Yukta, Raja, Rajan, Raj, Shastravisharada, Eshtavya, Dharmapara, Prajapalana, Tatpara,
Analysis of Sanskrit grammar
Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.118.16). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.
- Line 1: “etaireva guṇairyukto rājā śāstraviśāradaḥ”
- etair -
eta (noun, masculine)[instrumental plural]eta (noun, neuter)[instrumental plural]etad (noun, neuter)[instrumental plural]eṣa (noun, masculine)[instrumental plural]
- eva -
eva (indeclinable particle)[indeclinable particle]eva (noun, masculine)[compound], [vocative single]eva (noun, neuter)[compound], [vocative single]
- guṇair -
guṇa (noun, masculine)[instrumental plural]
- yukto* -
yukta (noun, masculine)[nominative single]√yuj -> yukta (participle, masculine)[nominative single from √yuj class 7 verb]
- rājā -
rājā (noun, feminine)[nominative single]rājan (noun, masculine)[nominative single]rāj (noun, masculine)[instrumental single]rāj (noun, neuter)[instrumental single]
- śāstraviśāradaḥ -
śāstraviśārada (noun, masculine)[nominative single]
- Line 2: “eṣṭavyo dharmaparamaḥ prajāpālanatatparaḥ”
- eṣṭavyo* -
eṣṭavya (noun, masculine)[nominative single]√iṣ -> eṣṭavya (participle, masculine)[nominative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
- dharmaparam -
dharmapara (noun, masculine)[adverb], [accusative single]dharmapara (noun, neuter)[adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]dharmaparā (noun, feminine)[adverb]
- aḥ -
a (noun, masculine)[nominative single]ṛ (noun, feminine)[vocative single]ṛ (noun, masculine)[vocative single]
- prajāpālana -
prajāpālana (noun, neuter)[compound], [vocative single]
- tatparaḥ -
tatpara (noun, masculine)[nominative single]
Other print editions:
Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.118.16
The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)
ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.118.16 in Kannada sript:
ಏತೈರೇವ ಗುಣೈರ್ಯುಕ್ತೋ ರಾಜಾ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರವಿಶಾರದಃ ।
ಏಷ್ಟವ್ಯೋ ಧರ್ಮಪರಮಃ ಪ್ರಜಾಪಾಲನತತ್ಪರಃ ॥ ೧೬ ॥
The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)
6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]Buy now!
Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)
7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.Buy now!
The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)
3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.118.16 in Bengali sript:
এতৈরেব গুণৈর্যুক্তো রাজা শাস্ত্রবিশারদঃ ।
এষ্টব্যো ধর্মপরমঃ প্রজাপালনতত্পরঃ ॥ ১৬ ॥
Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)
14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.118.16 in Gujarati sript:
એતૈરેવ ગુણૈર્યુક્તો રાજા શાસ્ત્રવિશારદઃ ।
એષ્ટવ્યો ધર્મપરમઃ પ્રજાપાલનતત્પરઃ ॥ ૧૬ ॥
Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)
1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]Buy now!
Preview of verse 12.118.16 in Malayalam sript:
ഏതൈരേവ ഗുണൈര്യുക്തോ രാജാ ശാസ്ത്രവിശാരദഃ ।
ഏഷ്ടവ്യോ ധര്മപരമഃ പ്രജാപാലനതത്പരഃ ॥ ൧൬ ॥
Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)
Preview of verse 12.118.16 in Telugu sript:
ఏతైరేవ గుణైర్యుక్తో రాజా శాస్త్రవిశారదః ।
ఏష్టవ్యో ధర్మపరమః ప్రజాపాలనతత్పరః ॥ ౧౬ ॥